Why my nose itches outside or inside: causes and what to do

What to do if you are constantly scratching my nose?

Tingling sensation, burning in the nose occurs under the action of exogenous and endogenous factors. If in some cases, the discomfort appears to be a reaction of the organism to external stimuli, the internal reasons point to a serious pathological disorder.

When systematically scratched the wings of the nose, can not do without medical involvement. The responsibility of the doctor to identify the etiology of the disease, to establish a causal relationship to create a therapeutic scheme. If the epidermis is not clearly reveals the clinical picture, is biological material sampling, Dermoscopy, is defined by hormonal balance.

Reasons why my nose itches inside and outside

On contact with the causative agent of soft tissue react by itching, which occurs the need to scratch or RUB the skin of the nose.

To provoke irritation of the nerves can adverse climatic conditions, the violation of hygienic ruled in his personal life, burns, high temperatures or chemically active substances, liquids.

Destructive effect on epithelial cells have a pathogenic factors: infectious, viral and colds, allergies, deformation of cartilage, atrophy of the mucosa.

Skin diseases

The epidermal lesions are the result of the impact of biological factors, to enhance the activity of viruses, microscopic fungi, parasites.

State when constantly itchy nose, provoke the following pathology:

Scabies

Pathogen -Sarcoptesscabiei (itch mites) is transmitted by close contact with a carrier. He strikes the stratum corneum of the epidermis, where it continues to multiply. The disease is manifested by itching of the skin, the intensity of which is worse at night, redness of the epidermis, the localization of erythematous papules.

Sverbezh also called waste products of the parasite (saliva, feces).Itch moves mainly appear between fingers, in the lower part of the belly, at the crease of the elbow and carpal joints, in the groin area, and nasal sinuses.

For reference! Provokes a parasitic disease of the skin only female itch of zadna, the male dies after fertilization.

Sycosis

Purulent inflammation of hair follicles provokes Staphylococcus aureus. The time of ripening papular education opened, spewing liquid that forms a green and yellow crust on the wound surfaces.

The root cause of the disease — endocrine disorders, problems with the Central nervous system, soft tissue injuries, respiratory infections. The affected area – upper lip, anterior nasal cavity, the mucosa. The patient is constantly itchy nose, a desire to comb the dried education. Exposure of the inflamed surface increases the risk of re-infection.

Manifestation of pruritus can carry exogenous (caused by external factors) and endogenous

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Eczema of the nose

Recurrent disease of the upper layers of the skin manifested by thickening of the top of lips, with the effects of extreme defects (cracking), swelling of the area around the nasal aperture, itching and redness.

The development of skin disease is preceded by mechanical damage to the upper body, symptoms of allergic and neurotic, acute and chronic rhinitis, purulent diseases of the throat.

Dermatosis

Catalysts development is the activity of pathogenic microflora, genetic predisposition. To provoke itching in the nose can inflammatory, autoimmune, infectious diseases, such as atopic dermatitis, urticaria, eczema, ringworm.

Less stimulating factors are disorders of the endocrine system, the digestive tract, intoxication, poor quality cosmetic products.

Fact! Despite the variety of epidermal abnormalities, they are characterized by identical symptoms manifestations: itching, swelling, redness, formation of the atrophied areas rash.

Allergic reaction

The actions of the allergen the body responds by producing labrocyte. It’s a highly specialized immune cells, filled with biogenic amine,the release of which is fraught with the development of edema, inflammation.

The clinical picture complements the itching of the wings and nose, a violation of natural breathing, the allocation of myconazole secretion, watery eyes, sneezing.

Interesting! Dirty air is not able to irritate the nasal mucosa, to of disease, he requires the presence of antigen.

Bouts of seasonal rhinitis are amplified in the period of flowering plants and trees. Allergic reactions can cause dust, pet dander, household chemicals, inhalation of hot or cold air, tobacco smoke, drugs.

Insect bites

When scratched the tip of the nose outside, perhaps, the reason lies in the attack of parasites. The greatest threat to human life are poisonous and stinging arthropods (spiders, bees, hornets). The affected area appears red spot, severe pain, swelling of the mucosa, intense itching.

Insect bites provoke allergic reactions with hypersensitivity of the organism can be fatal.

The attack of parasites such as fleas, lice, bed bugs less painful. But you see the same sensations: the tingling, burning, swelling, the bite of ticks – seal skin.

Galiana of epidermis insects dangerous intoxication, weakening of the immune system, increased body temperature, vomiting and nausea.

Nasal injuries

Violation of the integrity of the epithelium accompanied by inflammatory process, edema. For the regeneration of soft tissues, the body produces histamine. Bioactive substance irritates the nerve receptors responsible for tactile sensation, where there is a desire to RUB the nose.

The maximum production of ethylamine occurs in the last stage of epithelialization. Therefore, the growth of new nerve endings damaged area is itchy, which points to active the healing.

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Rhinitis allergic, bacterial or viral form is accompanied by the production of copious amounts aconselho secret, after which irritates the mucous membranes, causing severe itching to the pneumatic cavities.

Similar reasons are manifested differently in each patient, so recovery methods is made specifically for each patient.

Conservative therapy

Treatment of diseases, accompanied by a burning sensation in the nasal cavity, requires a comprehensive approach, which is based on the etiology of the disease. Medical effectiveness proved the following manipulation:

Washing nasal passages

The procedure contributes to the mechanical cleaning of the soft tissues from pathogenic microorganisms, and accumulations of mucus. Systematic hydration sheath prevents dryness of the epithelium, formation of crusts, improves absorption of medicinal components.

Wash the sinuses can saline solution or pharmaceutical drugs based on isotonic sea water: «No-Salt», «Humer», «Markera», «Akvamaris», «Saline». The procedure is repeated at least 5-6 times a day until complete recovery.

For reference! To prepare the salt solution will need half a tablespoon of salt in a glass of boiled water at room temperature.

Vasoconstrictor drops

The main active ingredient naphazoline stimulates the sympathetic nervous system, which contributes to the opening and expansion of output sostav, to relieve swelling, reduce itching. Pharmaceutical ruler is represented by the «Vibrocil», «Nazivin», «Naphazoline». Treatment includes irrigation channels 1-2 times every 4 hours for 3-5 days.

Corticosteroids in the nose

A subclass of steroid hormones characterized by anti-inflammatory action, relieves pain and feeling of pins and needles, burning («Natural», «almost four years», «Binaryn»). Their designate adults and children over the age of 18 in the maximum daily dose of 400 micrograms. in 2-3 doses, a course of 10-14 days.

Is contraindicated in pregnant and lactating women, patients with hypersensitivity to the individual components, with bacterial and viral infections of ENT-organs.

Antihistamines

They are useful in allergic rhinitis, a symptom of which is itching of the nose. Part medications included N receptor blockers, which reduce the severity of allergic reactions, has antipruritic effect, stop inflammation, eliminate skin reactions.

The predominance of ENT practice received the «Zyrtec», «Effective», «Aerius», «Zodak». The duration of treatment varies from 10 to 14 days, the daily dose is determined by your doctor.

Nuance! Additional steps in the diagnosis is to consult an allergist, dermatologist, otolaryngologist, endocrinologist.

Antiseptic preparations

The need for antimicrobial drops determines the manifestations of itching due to infectious lesions of the nasal cavity. Antiseptic active against gram-positive and gram-negative strains, has a bacteriostatic effect.

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Effectiveness proved drugs for local use: «T», «Sulfacyl», «Protargol». Method of application involves placing 1-2 drops of the medicinal liquid in each nostril for 5-10 days.

Antibiotics

For the treatment of infectious diseases of the respiratory system mainly uses three groups of antibiotics: macrolides («Erythromycin,» «Azithromycin»), penicilline («Augmentin», «Amoxiclav»), cephalosporins («Ceftriaxone», «as cefamandole»).

Detrimental effect on the cells of microscopic fungi have chemical agents antifungal «Nystatin», «Levorin». On average prescribe a course up to 7 days, dosage determined by the doctor on the basis of the age and course of disease.

Therapeutic interventions and recommendations about what to do to not itch the nose, this is not limited. In allergic itching effective procedure desensitization (adaptation of the organism by introducing into the bloodstream of the minimum dose of antigen followed by an increase).

In the treatment of infectious diseases itching use anti-virus tools, the type of «Interferon». Drugs acting at the extracellular level, therefore, are active only in the first days of the disease.

Burning sensation in the nose as a result of the deformation of the nasal septum, atrophy of the mucosa is determined by capillarotherapy (widediameter for the restoration of the vessels), the carrying out of physiotherapeutic procedures (electrophoresis, ultrasonic radiation), irrigation of the sinuses glucocorticosteroid drops («Natural», «Binaryn»).

Conclusion

The natural functioning of the nose will ensure compliance with the hygienic procedures of the paranasal sinuses. But what if my nose itches systematically? You need to seek medical help to identify the cause of the discomfort, prevent the development of chronic forms of the disease.

Therapeutic manipulation lies in the complex treatment of drugs of local action, occasionally with anatomical changes, the problem is solved surgically.