X-ray of paranasal sinuses: when and how often you can do transcript
How do x-rays of the nose?
The need to perform an x-ray of the sinuses occurs when the risk of inflammatory processes. Through this study, it is possible to detect the disease at its initial stage, and then prescribe the appropriate treatments and not to allow illness to progress to a more complex form.
X-ray is carried out in three planes: axial, chin and nosophobia. Regarding the latter, perform x-rays in this projection implies a focus nose and chin in radiographic equipment, but everything in order.
Indications for study
As mentioned earlier, x-rays of the sinuses is often done with the risks of inflammation. Study shows condition of sinus, so that the specialist is able to make the appropriate conclusion about the presence and location of inflammation.
- when sphenoidale the inflammation is in the sphenoid bone;
- when sinusitis the inflammation is located in the upper jaw;
- when etmoidit there is a blackout of the mastoid cells.
- sinusitis occurs with the inflammation in the area of the frontal lobes.
Most often it is diagnosed sinusitis. His symptoms were very different from the common cold, because in addition to severe nasal congestion may also manifest other symptoms, including the presence of mucus in the throat greenish or yellowish hue.
The paranasal sinuses can accurately show which sinus is inflamed, however often it is felt at ordinary palpation. Upon detection of sphenoiditis, there may be some deterioration in hearing and vision.
Arising in the axils of the adverse processes occur in people regardless of age. Initially, during the development of sinusitis, many confuse it with an ordinary rhinitis, but the symptoms are much more intense and heavier.
Despite the fact that sinusitis is already a rather unpleasant illness, much more dangerous than its possible consequences, such as meningitis. The disease starts to develop only when the penetration of the disease directly to the brain because of delayed treatment.
The disease is so dangerous that can lead to death, which is very important, as soon as possible to undergo the procedure to accurately locate the inflammation and subsequent treatment.
In addition to the detection of inflammation, x-rays allows to determine the existence of different types of tumors, cysts, polyps and other tumors.
X-rays are not able to provide more information about neoplasms. It can only be used for their location. For a more detailed study used a set of other methods, in particular MRI.
In addition, x-ray is also used before and after surgery, to prepare for the procedure and the subsequent monitoring the effectiveness of therapy.
Such a procedure as x-ray, is performed in almost any position. Often, at this time the patient sits or stands near the x-ray stand. Due to such stacking, it is possible to obtain optimal images to confirm or refute the diagnosis. The procedure is carried out as follows:
- The patient set the plate in a certain position.
- The chin must touch the rack, and the nose no.
- The median line of the head is sagittate.
- The is held on the cassette 13 to 18.
- Distance «visibility» — 10 DM.
Before doing an x-ray of the nose, there is no need for additional manipulation, only if you do not use special contrast agent, which allows to determine the so-called «plus-shadow».
What shows the picture?
Transcript of a picture is performed after the developing and drying. Next, the specialist must translate it in «medical language». Often, it is enough not more than 30 minutes, after which the table will already be closing.
If the patient’s nasal cavity has no disabilities and is healthy, the picture will be to possess distinct outlines. The image shows small and medium-sized according to the thickness of the wall of cells of a trellised labyrinth. As for the sinuses, they look on the x-ray as a dark rounded region.
The sinuses in normal condition should have a precise and smooth contours. They should be without the presence of light content on a dark background and Vice versa.
The is able to precisely show the localization of the disease, thereby accelerating the treatment. If it’s sinusitis, when neoptropical projection, the picture will be seen the darkening of the upper sinuses, which features bright hues that signal the presence of fluid in the sinuses.
- At the advanced stage of the disease, the blackout will be localized right above the nose.
- In the presence of dark areas in several places, most likely we are talking about frontal sinusitis.
- Hyperplastic sinusitis looks in the picture with inexact inner contour of the mucosa around the bone.
A special study with the use of contrast is able to show the presence of cysts, tumors in the form of polyps or tumors. These problems on the resulting picture look as rounded in its form darkening.
- You need to understand that with detection of the cyst by this method, it will need to be removed with surgery.
- Polyps in the picture shown in the form of rounded tissue on thin racks.
In the picture it is possible to consider other diseases, including allergic, in particular the protrusions of the mucosa, chronic reactions, swelling, fracture, catarrhal inflammation, and the presence of a foreign body.
How often can I perform the procedure?
Not to worry about your health, you need to know exactly how often you can do an x-ray of the sinuses? The maximum permissible dose of radiation for humans is 150 mSv in 12 months. One procedure is irradiated approximately in the region of 0.12 to 1.18 mSv.
That is why even the repeated holding of such an x-ray image does not represent a risk of development of diseases, and especially cancer. There are several additional recommendations for the:
- X-rays are not recommended during pregnancy.
- Young children younger than 7-8 years, such a study is assigned in extreme cases.
- The patient, after each study, indicate radiation exposure for monitoring the total amount of exposure in repeated procedures.
To quickly recover after the study, it is recommended to take:
- vitamins a, C, E;
- dairy products;
- prunes and brown rice.
Now you know where to get an x-ray of the paranasal sinuses and what are the risks of delayed treatment to specialist. The survey takes only a few minutes and carries no risk, but is able to display full information on the condition of the sinuses, which will promote efficient and effective treatment.