Alternatives, and equivalents of activated carbon
What drugs can replace activated carbon
Activated carbon is tested by many years of drug, which is used as first aid in case of various poisonings. The adsorbent is able to gently neutralize and excrete toxic substances. While it is not absorbed into the blood stream and is not soluble, and comes out of the digestive tract in a natural way, bringing all the toxins. Modern pharmaceutical companies produce a number of drugs that can replace the usual sorbent. Analogue of activated charcoal can be bought in any pharmacy, of course, the price will be higher than on the classic black tablet.
Varieties of adsorbents
Options than you can replace activated carbon, lot. All sorbents are divided into two types – organic and mineral:
- Organic sorbents – this includes activated carbon and lignin, which is obtained from the stems of plants. Such drugs include polyphane, polifepan and filtrum-STI. Instructions for use for these adsorbents is very similar to the instruction for activated carbon. After taking the organic sorbents can be constipation.
- Mineral adsorbents contain silica. Such drugs include enterosgel, APSCO, POLYSORB. These medications will be an excellent alternative to activated charcoal. You can assign them to children, pregnant and lactating. Mineral sorbents have proven themselves for poisoning, they quickly eliminate alcohol from the body.
Mineral substitute for activated charcoal gently removes toxins from the body and at the same time does not affect the absorption of other drugs, vitamins and nutrients.
The most popular analogue activated carbon
The most common adsorbent after the activated coal, enterosgel. The active substance polymethylsiloxane acts of poligidrat. Use of the gel instead of the usual activated carbon facilitates the treatment of children of all ages. It is used in patients of all age groups with such diseases:
- poisonings substandard food products;
- poisoning drugs;
- allergic reactions of different origin;
- intestinal infections of any etiology;
- elevated levels of bilirubin in the blood.
This analogue may be minor side effects such as nausea and slight constipation. Belongs to contraindications individual intolerance to the components that are part of the gel, and intestinal atony.
What other drugs can replace activated carbon
Replacement activated carbon may be different. The adsorbents are selected individually by the physician after examination of patient and diagnosis. To toxins often highly innovative products.
Attapulgit, is a specific type of mineral that belongs to the silicates. It is mined just a few fields. He quickly binds toxins and acids in the stomach, and then removes them from the body. In addition, it quickly adsorbs pathogenic microorganisms that cause vomiting and diarrhea. On the basis of this mineral is released sorbents neointestopan and kaopectate. This drug is used in normal home for first aid treatment of severe diarrhea or allergic reactions. These funds are contraindicated in bowel obstruction, high fever, parasitic intestinal damage, as well as pregnant women and children up to 3 years.
Drugs based on attapulgite have a soft enveloping and astringent properties. Due to this, they contribute to relieve inflammation with the stomach lining and reduce absorption of poisons into the bloodstream.
Diosmectite is also a mineral which belongs to the aluminosilicates. Pharmaceutical companies produce medications based on the mineral – neosmectin, smecta, diosmectite. They are able to quickly bind toxic substances and has a mild astringent properties, so doctors often prescribe them with severe diarrhea. Diosmectite regulate the acidity of the digestive tract and can be used with heartburn. Medicines on the basis of this mineral is assigned a number of diseases, namely:
- ulcer of the stomach;
- high acidity;
- the esophagitis;
- the gastro.
If you need to find a similar product instead of the classic activated carbon, we can safely focus on diosmectite. These medicines are suitable for small children and pregnant women. They have almost no side effects and rarely provoke constipation.
Why make the analogues of activated carbon
Adsorption characteristics of innovative medicines is much higher than the classic black tablets. Therefore, these medications bind and remove toxins in minimum time, with almost no side effects.
If activated charcoal should be taken in dosage of 1 tablet per 10 pounds of body weight, the modern adsorbents (adsorbents) are taken in a small dose, and the efficiency is higher. It is worth noting that the cost of similar coal drugs is much higher.
Could it be an overdose of adsorbents
Poisoning you can get absolutely any medication, even sorbents. This occurs if the dosage is not respected or the person is trying to quickly recuperate after poisoning with large doses of medication. Overdose symptoms are expressed such changes in health status:
- Strong weakness.
- Atypical drowsiness.
- Decrease in attention.
If you suspect an overdose adsorbents should consult to the doctor. You may need treatment.
How to take the adsorbents
Take all the adsorbents for a few hours before or after a meal, the stomach must be empty. The poisoning of the sorbent starts to give after the acute symptoms subside, which are expressed by nausea and vomiting. In order for the medication to be effective, should follow these rules:
- Drink sorbents sufficient amount of clean water.
- At the reception of adsorbents based on silica – APSCO or POLYSORB – powder is first diluted in water.
- Do not exceed the recommended dose and duration of treatment prescribed by the attending physician.
It is strictly forbidden to smell the drugs on the basis of silicon dioxide! The powder particles are so small that they are able to settle on the upper and lower respiratory tract and cause severe disease.
Which drug to prefer
If a person has severe poisoning, it is absolutely no matter what kind of adsorbent it will take usually take the one that is in the house. In the treatment of diseases of the digestive tract or allergic reactions sorbents picks up a doctor, considering the patient’s age and General condition. For a child the best option would be enterosgel or aluminium phosphate gel with an active ingredient of aluminium phosphate is 20%. The last option is most preferred as this medication has a pleasant taste and has a fruity aroma.
Poisoning is always unpleasant, regardless of age. Such States are accompanied by severe intoxication, which is able to eliminate only the adsorbents. The treatment for better to use modern drugs that are more effective.