Capsules and enterofuril suspension: instructions for use for kids with diarrhea and vomiting
Enterofuril: instructions for use for diarrhea and vomiting in children
Enterofuril – means extensive spectrum belongs to antimicrobial drugs, relieving vomiting and diarrhea. Instructions for use of enterofuril suspension for children with diarrhea and vomiting tell me how to take the drug.
When you need help
Not always diarrhea in infancy indicates an intestinal infection. Often the baby occurs watery stools during teething or the introduction of complementary foods. In such situations, pediatricians are advised to attach baby to the breast and soldering, as there is a high probability of dehydration.
Suspension from diarrhea for children enterofuril applies if:
- together with liquid stool at the kid the temperature rises to 38°C and above;
- stools mixed with mucus and blood streaks;
- rapid abundant stool occurs more than 5 times a day;
- indigestion lasts more than a day;
- to episodes of diarrhea joined the nausea and gag reflex;
- the baby there is a strong thirst or, on the contrary, he completely refuses to drink;
- the child became lethargic, often sleeping;
- the baby dry skin of the lips, sink the eyeballs. These symptoms should pay particular attention: they can be signs of severe dehydration.
These symptoms require medication. Enterofuril for diarrhea will help to stop attacks of loose stools and eliminate vomiting: the drug is approved for use in infants older than 1 month.
Description of the drug
One of effective medicines for diarrhea used in early childhood, is enterofuril. Effective against many pathogens of intestinal infections, the drug is not able to dissolve in the blood, is excreted along with faeces. The rate of removal depends on the particular gastrointestinal system of the patient and the received dose.
Enterofuril allowed to eat already from 1 month of life. The medicine effectively eliminates pathogenic bacteria causing various infections of the intestine. In addition, the drug has no systemic action, is considered to be safe for toddlers an early age.
An antimicrobial agent is positively established against the following pathogens:
- Yersinia enterocolitica;
- Vibrio cholerae;
The main advantage of medicine is no negative impact on the useful microflora of the digestive system and dysbiosis after a course of therapy.
The composition and form of issue
Maintenance includes the active ingredient nifuroxazide, possessing bactericidal properties. Destroying pathogenic microbes, the drug reduces the synthesis of toxic substances, poisonous internal organs, activates the immune system and increases phagocytosis.
Additionally, the composition includes sucrose, citric acid, sodium hydroxide, banana flavoring. Syrup diarrhea has a yellow color and a pleasant taste of banana, so easy to carry in childhood.
The drug is produced in the following dosage forms:
- capsules 100 mg, box of 10 pieces; 200 mg, in a package of 8 pieces;
- in suspension in vials of 90 ml. package included measuring spoon.
The active ingredient nifuroxazide can inhibit harmful bacteria in the digestive system, having antibacterial and bactericidal effects against many pathogens.
The effect of the medicine has a relationship of the dose: at low and moderate doses, the drug acts bacteriostatic, high doses have a bactericidal effect.
Enterofuril inhibits the biosynthesis of microorganisms, which leads to the cessation of reproduction. Under the influence of the active component is the cessation of the production of bacterial exotoxins, thereby reducing irritation of the mucous surfaces of the intestinal system and stops synthesis of fluid in the gastrointestinal tract.
Effectively stimulates the synthesis of phagocytes, leading to greater natural forces of the body. After completing the course of treatment with medication does not reported cases the appearance of bacteria overgrowth and destruction of healthy intestinal microflora.
The main symptoms of intestinal infection are:
- frequent stools;
- pain in the abdomen.
Good result showed enterofuril diarrhea in adults. With its high clinical efficacy, the tool eliminates the diarrhea of infectious nature, and reduces the likelihood of bacterial superinfection.
Pills from diarrhea enterofuril are assigned to adults and children older than 3 years.
The active ingredient enterofuryl able to quickly dissolve in the intestinal system and destroy the bacterial cells, successfully eliminating the disease.
The drug is indicated in pathological States:
- diarrhea in acute and chronic form;
- diarrhea iatrogenic nature, arising under the influence of the use of funds anti-microbial effects;
- intestinal disorders;
- during poisoning;
- for the treatment of salmonellosis.
Do not use medication in the treatment of rotavirus infection, as enterofuril active only against bacteria.
Limitations to the use of the drug are:
- individual hypersensitivity to the active substance;
- the tendency to allergic reactions;
- age newborn under 1 month, for capsules – less than 7 years;
Do not appoint medication, if the baby discovered the worms. With caution taking medicine during pregnancy and in the period of breastfeeding.
The current component does not interact with other substances, as they do not have systemic absorption.
Enterofuril is not appointed together with the sorbents, for example, smektoj, as there may be a decrease in therapeutic effect.
In addition, you should not combine the drug with medicines containing alcohol and drugs that affect the brain.
Enterofuryl the combination with alcohol may lead to the development of disulfiramopodobna reactions, accompanied by vomiting, increased diarrhea, increased heart pulse, and the appearance of spasms in the stomach.
Method of use and doses
Children under 3 years prescribed the drug in suspension. If the child is able to swallow tablets, with 3 to 7 years can be used capsules in small dosages, 100 mg. Children 7 years and older and adults consume capsules of 200 mg.
The duration of treatment depends on the time of relief of episodes of diarrhoea, and on average from 2 days to 1 week.
In the absence of diarrhea for 12 hours allowed the termination of treatment.
The required dosage depends on the age of the baby:
- children 1-6 months assigned to 2.5 ml of syrup 2-3 times a day;
- children from 7 months to 2 years – 5 ml 2-4 times;
- from 3 to 7 years – 200 mg three times a day;
- more than 7 years – 200 mg 4 times a day.
Often pediatricians prescribed enterofuril with vomiting in a child, as intestinal infection usually begins with disorders of digestive function. Starting timely intake enterofuryl, you can get rid of nausea, to prevent the occurrence of diarrhea and other symptoms of intestinal poisoning.
Means taking equal intervals of time, regardless of eating. Easy to use, carefully shake, capsules are swallowed whole, without chewing, drinking a glass of liquid. Therapy medication should not exceed 1 week.
In the treatment of pathological conditions in childhood, the patient must ensure to drink plenty of liquids, do not give heavy foods, dairy products, meat and fish dishes, to prevent unnecessary burden on the digestive tract.
As a rule, enterofuril diarrhea helps in a few hours. The time of onset of the therapeutic effect depends on the type of disease, severity of infection, as well as the applied dosage. Most often, the improvement observed after 2-3 hours, with complete recovery noted after 2-7 days.
Means take immediately after opening the package. Store the suspension should be for 14 days, after which the vial is disposed.
Negative effects and overdose
After consumption of the medication possible emergence of negative effects:
- allergic reactions such as skin rash;
- gag reflexes;
- in rare cases, can cause anaphylaxis.
If you experience any unpleasant symptoms, you should cancel the treatment.
Due to the fact that the drug does not penetrate into the bloodstream, the symptoms of overdose are not established. When exceeding the recommended doses, the patient should wash out the stomach and apply symptomatic therapy.
Applying the cure, you can destroy germs and stop disease progression. However, the drug is not able to make up for lost due to diarrhea fluids and electrolytes. That is why during treatment, apply means to restore the water-salt balance, for example, regidron or Trisol.
To prevent dehydration, you must use rehydration therapy. To do this, after a bout of vomiting or diarrhoea take the solution in small SIPS every 5 minutes. Infants solution give bottle alternating with the breast milk.
So as not to cause new bouts of vomiting, you should not give medication on an empty stomach.
In case of dehydration, and also if the child is unconscious, can help the use of intravenous rehydration solutions.
In the composition of the medication contains sucrose, therefore, be used with caution agent in individual intolerance of fructose, as well as persons with diabetes.
If the baby continues to vomit from taking enterofuryl, it may indicate individual sensitivity to the active substance. In these cases, cancel the treatment.
When you eliminate the intestinal infections should follow a proper diet and drink plenty of liquids.
If the diarrhea does not stop after enterofuryl for several days, you need to see a specialist: possible causes of diarrhea are bacterial in origin.