First aid for vomiting and nausea: algorithm of rendering
How to help a person with vomiting
Vomiting is an involuntary process, during which remnants of food are pushed from the stomach into the oral cavity. This phenomenon is quite unpleasant and may be the evidence of a number of diseases and some conditions in which the body tries to cleanse yourself. First aid for vomiting is usually dosed in the falling patient. But in some cases there are other medical manipulations.
The main causes of vomiting
Retching can occur for many reasons, the main of which are:
- Poisoning with poor-quality products, drugs or toxic vegetation.
- Infectious diseases of the digestive tract.
- Some diseases of the digestive organs – gastritis, ulcers.
- Allergic reaction.
- Injuries to the head.
- A weak vestibular system.
- Inflammation of the appendicitis.
- A side effect of certain medications.
In addition, nausea and vomiting can occur when overeating or consuming large amount of alcoholic beverages.
Most people know what caused such pathological condition. If it was food poisoning, mild cases can help at home, but if the condition worsens with every minute that no doctor can not do.
First aid for nausea and vomiting that are caused by defective products or other substances, it turns out according to this algorithm:
- Give the man to rinse your mouth with clean water to wash the remnants of vomit, which strongly corrode the lining.
- Washed stomach a weak solution of potassium permanganate, rotokana or slightly salted water. The procedure can be performed multiple times until the waste from the stomach water will not be transparent. Rotokan is a natural disinfectant, which contains extracts of of chamomile, calendula and yarrow. A weak solution of this pharmaceutical drug is not worse than potassium permanganate.
- Give the sorbent preparations.
- The patient is conveniently placed, with the head and shoulders should be slightly higher towards the feet. Better if the person will lie on your side – is to prevent vomit into the respiratory tract. Infants are held upright;
- Give the man all the time to drink, and the water volume should be small, no more than 2-3 tablespoons, but the drink is given every 15 minutes.
If the patient’s condition is satisfactory and vomiting become less frequent, we can restrict the home treatment. In cases when vomiting is uncontrollable and after the first aid, nothing has changed, you need to call the doctor.
When uncontrollable vomiting in a child up to 3 years call an ambulance immediately. From such crumbs of a great risk of rapid dehydration, so treatment should take place in a hospital.
How to help with infectious diseases
Often provokes vomiting rotavirus. Emergency with vomiting, caused by such cause is the falling of the patient’s fractional portions of drinking. You can give not only ordinary drinking water, but sweet tea or juice, which will support manpower. It is recommended to unsolder the patient with a solution regidrona or glucose.
If you have a high temperature, allowed to give paracetamol to normalize the condition. By the physician begin to take antimicrobials or antibiotics.
For intestinal infections it is strictly forbidden to give antiemetic drugs. These medications vomiting will stop, but pathogens linger in the digestive tract and the recovery will be delayed.
Gastritis and ulcers
A patient with vomiting due to gastritis or ulcer, should be provided only in hospital. Cheerleaders have these symptoms:
- in the vomit noticeable admixture of fresh blood;
- there is a strong pain in the stomach;
- the skin is the patient pale;
- breathing is difficult and noticeable weakness;
- may slightly rise the body temperature.
If you notice such signs, you should immediately call the doctor or go to the hospital yourself. Internal bleeding is a greater threat to human life.
Allergic to certain products or certain substances can also lead to vomiting. So the body tries to cleanse itself of the allergen. As first aid the patient is given an antihistamine at therapeutic doses, and an hour later start to give adsorbents to quickly bring the allergen from the body. Allergy can specify the following symptoms:
- skin rash hives or flushed;
- watery eyes;
Commonly found food allergies in babies that start to introduce solid foods. In this case the new products are removed from the diet and wait for a few days.
If after the use of some product the person was covered with a rash flushed, which is convex and is hot to the touch, you need to urgently call a doctor. This could be the start of angioedema.
If the person hit her head hard, and he started having dizziness, tinnitus, nausea and vomiting, it is possible to suspect a concussion. As a first aid person is put to bed and give warm sweet tea. The room is continuously ventilated, to increase the flow of oxygen. Then be sure to call the doctor.
Treatment of concussion carried out in a hospital neurological Department, only in mild cases is permissible to be treated at home. Therapy involves intravenous injections, intramuscular injections and oral medications and vitamins.
At the time begun treatment and following bed rest a man is recovering after 2-3 weeks. Otherwise, the recovery may be delayed for several months.
Pregnant women are often dizzy spells, nausea and vomiting. This is due to the hormonal changes and the work of all organs and systems with increased load.
Retching during the first trimester are the norm – the so-called toxaemia of pregnancy. Assist with vomiting pregnant is to rinse the mouth and falling warm tea. Usually these actions are enough to stop an attack. To prevent retching pregnant protect against odors. The woman in the situation should eat often, but small portions.
If vomiting is observed in late pregnancy and when the pressure is too high, it is possible to suspect eclampsia. This is a dangerous disease that threatens the lives of mother and child. The treatment is carried out exclusively in the hospital environment. The woman in this state is constantly under the supervision of medical staff.
To reduce signs of toxicosis in the first trimester, you can periodically suck mints, which are sold in any drugstore. Besides a good helping of mints.
A weak vestibular system is the cause of vomiting in transport. Motion sickness affects people of all ages. First aid will be drinking water and mint. To prevent motion sickness before a long trip to drink a medication for motion sickness, which it is desirable to choose together with your doctor.
The tendency to motion sickness should train the vestibular apparatus. To do this, skate or bike, and jump on the trampoline.
Inflammation of appendicitis
This is the most dangerous condition that can cause vomiting. Inflammation of the Appendix is characterized by such symptoms:
- severe pain in the abdomen, right side;
- nausea and uncontrollable vomiting;
- high temperature;
- General weakness and pallor.
On palpation of the abdomen, you notice the tension of the abdominal wall and increased pain with slight pressure.
When such symptoms should immediately call an ambulance. A minute delay threatened peritonitis. When inflammation of the appendicitis, surgical intervention, and the sooner the operation the better the prognosis.
Vomiting when taking certain medicines
If treatment with medications occur retching, then we can talk about side effects. In this case, the drug no longer drink and speak to your doctor, who will adjust the treatment. Sometimes it requires replacement of the medicinal product and, in some cases, simply reduce the dose.
In the appointment of any medications you need always to focus to the doctor at the weight of the patient. Determination of the weight of the eyes is not always true, which can lead to overdose.
Overeating or excessive consumption of alcohol
Retching is not uncommon after mental feasts with friends or relatives. Holiday tables are an abundance of delicacies, and liquor, and everyone wants to try. The digestive organs are unable to cope with the amount of fat and heavy food liberally washed down with alcohol, the result is vomiting.
To help stomach, you can drink fermental preparations – festal, or zantac, and several days to follow the diet. If a strong poisoning of alcoholic drinks call for a medic. The patient is carried out gastric lavage and symptomatic treatment is prescribed.
Often retching appear at the wrong time and hinder the implementation of plans. Help with the vomiting turns out to depend on the situation and the human condition. Sometimes to stop an attack can usually a mint, in other cases need the urgent assistance of a doctor.