First aid if poisoning by chlorine and ammonia
Poisoning with ammonia and chlorine: how to give first aid
No industrial production is not complete without the use of chlorine and ammonia. Despite the fact that many enterprises use high-tech treatment facilities, sometimes there are emergency situations with the release of these gases into the environment. First aid if poisoning by chlorine and ammonia must be provided to the victims immediately after intoxication with toxic substances and dangerous symptoms.
Symptoms of poisoning by chlorine and ammonia
To be poisoned by these chemical substances do not have to work in hazardous environments. Suffocating odor of ammonia is familiar to many people who are prone to arterial hypotension or experiencing dizziness. Ordinary ammonia, which they moistened cotton wool for inhalation is 10% ammonia solution. Still, some Housewives used such a solution for brightening washed windowpanes and feeding of houseplants.
Children can be poisoned by improper storage of these highly toxic chemicals. All chlorine compounds and ammonia should be sealed and access is restricted.
Odor of chlorine is familiar to visitors of the swimming pools – it is used for disinfection of water. In medical institutions still use products containing chlorine, to disinfect surfaces. Negligent employees of public utilities sometimes add an excessive amount of this chemical compounds in a sewage treatment plant that may cause damage to the toxic substances.
Ammonia can enter the human body through the skin, mucous membranes or inhalation. What the victim experiences during intoxication:
- Swelling of the mucous membranes. Observed excessive salivation, watery eyes, over the nose.
- The sore throat. In a few minutes there is a dry, «barking» cough.
- Pain in area of heart, shortness of breath, feeling of lack of air.
- Nausea, vomiting, painful stomach cramps.
If the concentration of toxic substances is not decreasing, but first aid was not provided, the symptoms begin to worsen:
- there is a burn of the mucous membranes. There is a disorder of breathing and blood circulation. Chemical toxicity leads to pulmonary edema, cardiac arrest;
- in contact with skin toxic substances occurs burn the surface of the skin, accompanied by pain shock;
- the defeat of the mucous membranes of the eyes leads to irreversible loss of vision.
When working in the garden many plant lovers use urea containing large amounts of ammonia. After dressing fertilizer should wash hands thoroughly with soap and water, change clothes.
Should provide first aid for chlorine poisoning, after the appearance of the following symptoms:
- Sharp pain in eyes, watery eyes.
- Dizziness, suffocation.
- Vomiting with admixture of blood.
- Breathing problems, heart palpitations.
- Fainting, convulsions of the upper and lower extremities.
The defeat of toxic substances, especially chlorine, is extremely dangerous and requires first aid.
How to provide first aid in case of intoxication with chlorine and ammonia
If intoxication by ammonia or chlorine occurred in an industrial plant, the cause of the symptoms, you can quickly identify and provide first aid. When there is poisoning in the home, often nausea or vomiting attributed to consumption of stale food. This dangerous misconception can cost human life, so it is important to know the basic symptoms of intoxication.
If poisoning ammonia is required immediately to call the doctor for a possible resuscitation. Before his arrival to provide first aid to the injured, consisting of a series of events:
- To ensure the flow of fresh air. If necessary, remove victim from the affected area.
- To remove clothing, which could be traces of toxic substances.
- 0.5 teaspoon of citric acid dissolved in a glass of warm water, to treat the mucous membranes of the mouth and nose.
- Drip the eye drops with analgesic properties.
- 1 teaspoon salt dissolved in a glass of water, give to drink the victim.
- Redness on the skin rinse thoroughly.
- Any protective dressing to moisten with solution of citric acid, to impose on the man’s face.
- Using inhaler moisturize Airways.
While waiting for the ambulance should be calm person, try to stay awake. If the victim has vomited, turn him on his side and clear the airway of mucus or vomit.
If ingested, ammonia or chlorine in a chemical compound will need a gastric lavage. In 1 liter of boiled water dissolve a few grains of potassium permanganate, to give the victim to drink and induce vomiting by pressing a finger on the root of the tongue.
Intoxication of pairs of chlorine and chlorine-containing substances also required urgent on-call doctor. To relieve the symptoms, you need to provide first aid:
- To bring person to fresh air and remove clothing soaked in chlorine vapor.
- 1 teaspoon of baking soda dissolved in a glass of boiled water and treat the eyes and mucous membranes of the mouth and nose.
- Soda solution to add to the inhaler and moisten with it the nasal passages of a person for reduce painful cough caused by chlorine.
- To provide to the victim rest until a doctor arrives.
- If the person is conscious, you must give him some warm milk.
When chlorine poisoning can occur painful spasm of the larynx. Should be channelled to this area any hot compress to ease breathing.
From the poisonous fumes of chlorine and ammonia are more likely to suffer eye. If you do not have anaesthetic drops, you can get hulled sunflower or olive oil. Doctors advise victims to drink mineral water without gas in large quantity.
To avoid threat of poisoning, you should observe safety precautions when using chemicals in the home and in the workplace. And in the event of an emergency situation time to provide first aid to save people’s lives.