Overdose (poisoning) of naphazoline in children and adults
Poisoning with naphazoline in children
Under normal runny nose and nasal congestion in children not all parents feel the need to seek medical help. In the course are proven and inexpensive drugs that have treated more than one generation. Among them the most popular are drops naphazoline. Meanwhile, the poisoning with naphazoline in children quite often. The situation of poisoning is exacerbated by the fact that parents do not always associate the acceptance of naphazoline with an unwell child.
Consider how dangerous naphazoline, in some cases, poisoning occurs and what to do if it happened.
The causes of poisoning
Naphazoline belongs to vasoconstrictor drugs. It is effective in the treatment of rhinitis, pharyngitis, sinusitis, laryngitis and other diseases of the nasal cavity. The use of the drug eliminates puffiness, constricts blood vessels, allows air to enter the nasal cavity and facilitate the child’s breath. Naphazoline is effective for chronic conjunctivitis, allergies, and nasal bleeding. Part medications included a major component of naphazoline and auxiliary ingredients: boric acid and distilled water.
With all the effectiveness of a drug statistics inevitably testifies to frequent poisoning in children. To answer the question of whether naphazoline harmful and how justified is its use, it should be remembered that children are more sensitive to the action of the drug. Naphazoline is forbidden to use for infants. In the treatment of older children is necessary to strictly follow the dosage.
The known factor is that long-term use of money is addictive and a kind of dependence. Therefore, even adults are not recommended to take the drug more than five days.
Mistakenly believed that the poisoning is only the case if the child will drink naphazoline. In the ordinary receiving an overdose of naphazoline leads to a rapid contact of the drug into the blood through a well-developed vascular system of the mucous membranes of the nasal cavity. This causes the General intoxication of an organism of the kid.
Thus, it is possible to allocate the following reasons of poisoning with naphazoline in children:
- Inappropriate children’s age percentage of the solution. Often parents use a 0.1% solution. In adults, this dose does not cause side effects, but for a toddler it may become dangerous. The recommended solution for children of 0.05%. On the recommendation of doctor may be used 0, 025% solution. To obtain 0.05% of the medium with distilled water.
- Uncontrolled use of the drug or its use for the treatment of children under the age of one year.
- Insufficiently thought-out release form of the drug. Naphazoline is produced in bubbles of plastic, which is not always possible to accurately measure the required amount of drops.
- Over-the-counter selling of funds, the ratio of adults to the drug as «innocent» drops.
Low price of drugs and its prominence are often the main factors in parents ‘ choices. Deciding to use naphazoline, not all parents are aware of what can be the consequences of poisoning. Since naphazoline is characterized by a short action (approximately 4-6 hours), it requires frequent use. Dripping means to us to the child 4-6 times a day, parents, not even knowing bring the concentration of the active substance in the body of your baby to a dangerous point.
10 mg of naphazoline can result in death in children during the first two years of life!
In some cases, the poisoning happens when you use expired products. Parents need to be very careful with the packaging and discard the medicine immediately after the expiration date.
If poisoning vasoconstrictor drugs parents first draw attention to the extraordinary weakness and lethargy children. Most children fall asleep quickly, and sleep duration exceeds the normal. But these signs may not always alert, sometimes they are regarded as symptoms of the underlying disease. Parents begin to sound the alarm when, in addition to weakness and excessive sleepiness, in children these signs:
- headache and dizziness;
- a sharp decrease in body temperature (35 C and below);
- cold and wet skin;
- the blue lips, heavy breathing;
- loss of appetite;
- jumps in blood pressure;
- the reduction in heart rate.
In poisoning with naphazoline distinguish 3 stages: easy, medium and hard. In large overdose, the heart rate and blood pressure fall to a critical level, possible coma.
In the presence of even minor signs of poisoning need immediate medical attention. Special danger represent cases where the child due to negligence of adults drink naphazoline or other vasoconstrictors. Before the arrival of doctors to wash the stomach boiled water with enterosgel. Manganese solution in these cases is contraindicated. You can give the child activated charcoal.
The baby must warm blanket wrap, to calm and provide him excessive drinking. Do not give milk as it helps to speed up contact with blood.
Mild poisoning hospitalization is not required. Symptoms of intoxication disappear after discontinuation of the drug. An overdose of naphazoline average and particularly severe require treatment in hospital.
For elimination of symptoms and normalization of the well-being of children in the first few minutes of the arrival of the doctors apply the antidote of naphazoline. The victim is administered the sulphate of atropine, given the weight and age of the child. Children need subcutaneous injection of prednisolone. The dosage of medication prescribed by a doctor. To eliminate the negative consequences of poisoning, all the symptoms of intoxication should be stopped for 40-60 minutes. Further treatment and recovery in a medical facility ranges from one to three days.
In some cases, doctors prescribe children inhalation with naphazoline. They are indicated for complicated by laryngitis, bronchitis, tracheitis. For their conduct of 0.05% naphazoline diluted with saline. Safe the duration of inhalation is about 3 minutes during no more than 3 times a day. The procedure is quite effective if you comply with the prescribed dosage. If the runny nose and nasal congestion inhalation naphazoline will not bring the desired result, so the risk if their conduct is absolutely not justified.
How to prevent poisoning
If parents, for whatever reason, are taking the decision to use naphazoline for the treatment of their children, they must comply with the following precautions:
- only use the solution designed for children, to inform pharmacists before you purchase;
- drip the drug not more often than once in 6-8 hours;
- use the pipette to avoid error to maintain an accurate dose;
- alternate the remedy with other vasoconstrictor drugs;
- do not use the drug in infants, to limit its application in children of preschool age;
- in the case of negative reaction of the child’s body immediately call the ambulance.
Instead of instillation of naphazoline can be used for lotions. Cotton swabs impregnated with a 0.05% solution and put them in each nostril for 2 minutes. For each of the nasal sinuses use a new swab.
Doctors recommend to use the analogy of the naphazoline. His main current component is included with such drugs as «Sanorin» (normal and based on eucalyptus oil) and «not effective Verein». Means relieve swelling and inflammation of the mucous membrane of the cavity of the nasopharynx, facilitate breathing and eliminate the signs of intoxication in infectious and viral diseases. Eucalyptus oil provides an additional anti-inflammatory effect.
For the treatment of respiratory catarrh, chronic rhinitis, prevention of influenza used the spray «Aqua Maris Baby». The product is made from natural sea water, which undergoes a sterilization. The nasal passages are washed with the help of «Aqua Maris» twice a day. The drug can be used for a long time. Subject to the instructions of the manufacturers guarantee no side effects.
Another effective and safe medication is the «Aqualor Baby». Its main advantage – the ability to use from the first days of life of children. Form release means of the spray vial, equipped with a comfortable tip with a limiter. The medication is also produced in the form of drops. The drug has no contraindications and restrictions on admission.
These funds belong to more expensive drugs, but their relatively high price kompensiruet safety and efficiency.
Wanting to alleviate the condition of the baby, parents must weigh the risks and be extremely careful! The opportunity to purchase a vasoconstrictor without a prescription and at a low price cannot be a justification for their uncontrolled use without the doctor’s consultation and compliance with the instructions for use.