Sorbents in case of poisoning: list, medicinal properties
Sorbents and absorbents in case of poisoning
All categories of medical sorbents have similar effects on the human body. After penetration of active components of drugs inside, they begin their active interaction with the organs of digestion with the intestinal tract. After ingested, the sorbents in case of poisoning begin their active action, identifying toxins, absorbing them out of the system gastro-intestinal tract. To achieve maximum therapeutic effect, the complex approach with the use of selective chelators. A key advantage of these tools is their selective action, whereby the absorbent in cases of poisoning only absorb harmful bacteria, toxins, without affecting the useful minerals.
Varieties of drugs
Chelators are drugs that are identification of pathogens, toxins, binding them together, removal of organs and systems. Therefore, regardless of the cause and types of poisoning is also appointed the drugs for treatment. To achieve maximum success, depending on situation and severity of poisoning, prescribers different categories:
- The main operating component of this carbon. This could include drugs such as ultrasorb, sorbitol, activated carbon.
- Products based on silicon present, tools such as enterosgel, Polisorb, APSCO, alisonb.
- The key active ingredient is polyvinylpyrrolidone. In this group of popular drugs such as intersorb.
- The active substance is lignin. The representatives of this category: filtrum lignosol.
- Preparations, based on cellulose.
- The current element chitin. Such drugs include chitosan.
- Basis of medications are brown algae. You know something like Algiers.
- Consist of natural dietary fiber. This is bran, pectin.
- Medicines, which are based include peat. Here can be called a cure SIAL.
- With the basic components such as aluminium, minerals, alumina. The representatives of this category include white clay, gastal, smectite, Almagel.
The most common medicines in case of poisoning
To cleanse the internal organs from toxins and poisons, which cause the poisoning and other diseases, it is important to choose the right drug, use it, strictly following the instructions in the manual. One of the effective drugs is polifepan. It was based included such an active substance, such as lignin. This drug is suitable for use even during pregnancy and lactation. Analogue of this medication is enterosgel.
The main negative aspect polifepan is the fact that along with the toxins and poisons it absorbs and useful minerals, thus violating the normal microflora of the intestinal tract. So taking polifepan should be conducted in parallel with probiotics or prebiotics, which include Lactobacillus and bifidus bacteria to restore the normal microflora.
Another effective drug, which assists the digestive system and throughout the body, is enterosgel. It is based includes an active compound called Metelkina acid. Paste-like form of drugs with fine particles are easily dissolved in the stomach, immediately beginning his active action. Enterosgel is a highly effective even in the case where the intoxication is severe, it quickly absorbs toxins from the digestive system. Also, this medicine acts as a protection of gastrointestinal tract from negative influence of toxic substances, pathogens allergic reactions. This drug can be used even for newborns.
Another drug called POLYSORB perfectly clean, because it contains in its composition the active silicon. It is a powder that, in addition to useful qualities has the drawback that it brings together with toxins useful trace elements, so it is advisable to appoint in combination with bifidobacteria and lactic bacteria to restore the normal intestinal microflora.
Effective enterosorbent is smectite. The basis of medicine includes the medical clay. The disadvantage of this drug is its slow effect after consumption. But it is cheaper enterosgel almost two times, therefore, when complex therapy is more often assigned.
Other chelators are similar, distinguished only by the price.
What is prescribed to children
The fast-acting, safe, beautiful effect of these drugs is often used in prescriptions to children for the treatment of poisoning, allergic reactions, systemic diseases of the digestive system in children of any age. In addition, these medicines are often included in complex therapy of diseases of the urinary system, liver, even in the treatment of oncological processes, skin diseases.
Lactofiltrum tablets is assigned with a one year. A pill crushed and give the child one hour before feeding or before taking other medicines. At the age of three years applies all right in the morning, afternoon and evening. From three to seven years to use a whole tablet three times a day. From 8 to 12 years – 1-2 tablets, this is due to the severity of poisoning. At the age of 12 years take 2-3 tablets three times a day. The duration of such therapy is not less than two weeks. This is evidenced by the instruction to the drug.
Polifepan give the child an hour before meal or other drugs. Dissolve the powder in a tablespoon of hot water. In under one year of age the dosage appointed by the doctor. The duration of treatment ranges from three days to a week.
Smectite dissolves in water. Duration of therapy is week. Use adsorbents are recommended to take between meals. For young children medication can be a little diluted honey or sugar. The dosage appointed by the doctor. The duration of therapy up to weeks, depending on the severity of the disease and intensity of symptoms.
Enterosgel is diluted in cooled boiled water. Adults apply undiluted. The dose appointed by the doctor after examination and investigation. The most common treatment for children of any age is the administration of activated charcoal (for children is more often used sorbex bags). The duration of treatment should not exceed week dose set by the doctor, even though the description in the instructions. Because each particular case may require a different dose, depending on severity of poisoning and the intensity of symptoms.
If poisoned child, it is not recommended to self-medicate. It is better to seek qualified medical assistance when small children dangerously dehydrated. While in the hospital he will be constantly under surveillance.
The application of enterosorbents in the treatment of allergic reactions
These drugs are used not only to treat food or drug poisoning. Sometimes the symptoms of such diseases is similar allergic reaction. Can also occur vomiting, upset his chair, but they are often supplemented by skin rash, itching, rhinitis or shortness of breath. Because the toxic substances that accumulate in the organs, can cause a severe allergic reaction, remove them from the body will help chelators:
- activated carbon;
- white coal;
We must remember that such substances can also have contraindications, so their use is not recommended in order not to violate the intestinal microflora. All dosages are also determined by the doctor in the treatment of disease. In addition to treatment medication, it is important to eliminate the allergen, to comply with the diet, follow all medical appointments.
Absorbent substances from food
Many useful products in the composition include natural absorbent elements that can be combined with the complex therapy:
- Bran contain dietary fiber, the same active substances of chelators, vitamin substances. Buy bran in stores or pharmacy chains.
- To deduce from an organism radionuclides and heavy metals, toxins, and will help the algae and fruits, which contain substances such as polysaccharide pectin. Additionally they reduce cholesterol in the blood fluid.
- Fresh grains, vegetables. Their regular use in pure form, without heat treatment, helps in cleansing the digestive system and body from toxic substances and toxins.
Through proper, comprehensive approach to the treatment of poisoning, it is possible to eliminate unpleasant symptoms, clean your body of waste products of pathogenic microorganisms. You need to remember that it is not recommended to self-medicate only a doctor can find the right algorithm for therapy based on the stage of development of the pathological process, severity of symptoms, age, presence of comorbidities and potential contraindications. Especially if it concerns a child.