The poisoning of seafood: oysters, mussels, shrimp
Signs and treatment of poisoning seafood
Seafood are of different shapes and in different price categories. But most of them are quite expensive, nutritious and contain many useful substances to the body. You can buy in the supermarket frozen products and cook your own or buy a prepared dish in the restaurant. Poisoning seafood now is not an accident. This trouble is due to the fact that people are happy to consume shrimp, mussels and caviar, and practically does not I think what health problems can carry seafood.
There are only three significant causes, which occurs due to poisoning.
- Expired products – this type of poisoning comes out on top in popularity. If sea produce is rotten, it always leads to severe poisoning. To identify poor quality sometimes is very difficult because restaurant food laced with spicy sauces that clog the rest of the smells.
- Salmonellosis – if the inhabitant of the sea was a carrier of pathogenic coli salmonellosis, the person who used such food is likely to be in a hospital bed. But when the seafood are exposed to a good heat treatment, all microbes are killed. Therefore the doctors advise to eat fish and other marine animals in its raw form.
- Poisoning proteins, any seafood is an invaluable source of protein needed to build new cells in the body. However, the overabundance of this substance leads to failure in the human digestive system. As a result, in the gastrointestinal tract occur congestion, which leads to decay of protein and General intoxication.
Seafood should not be abused, all in good measure!
Poisoning specific seafood
In medical practice, most cases of poisoning have on seafood such as mussels, oysters, shrimp, squid, octopus, crabs, lobsters.
- Mussels and oysters – these shellfish meat is rich in phosphatides, polyunsaturated acids and important trace elements. Poisoning by mussels is due to the specific mode of existence of marine inhabitants. They filtered through seawater, where often there are remnants of poisonous algae. Harm to the clams, but the person who ate such an instance, can be very poisonous. Poisoning with oysters and mussels comes from frequent eating them fresh. To determine whether infected clam, just unreal, this requires laboratory tests. But even major restaurants will not miss all the seafood through laboratory tests, so the risks of poisoning with oysters and mussels are quite large.
- Shrimp is a very popular product which is considered to be delicacies. These small crustaceans rich in calcium and protein, but low calorie is the favorite product of people who are worried about their figure. Poisoning shrimp is not only from the fact that they are infected with microorganisms or violated storage rules. Shrimp are grown artificially in water add antibiotics and other chemicals for rapid growth, which are crustaceans absorb like a sponge. Eating a plate of seafood and such, you can earn chemical toxicity.
- Squid – this mollusk is very useful and has a great taste. Squid meat is very nutritious, easy to digest, and the nutrient content exceeds the meat of chicken or Turkey. Poisoning squid happen if they were caught in contaminated water. There are also allergic reactions to the protein of the squid.
- Octopus – these clams taste like squid, but they are rarely prepared because of the high cost. Octopus poisoning take place because of improper training of a carcass, which must be carefully cleaned of mucus and only then to cook.
- Crabs and lobsters – the flesh data of marine life not only palatable, but also enriches the body with beneficial vitamins. Poisoning these animals can, if they are contaminated with E. coli or caught in the dirty district.
The so-called crab sticks, presented in the assortment in the shops do not contain crab meat. In their composition the cheaper grades of fish, starch and flavoring additive.
Poisoning crab sticks often occurs due to non-observance of rules of storage and repeated freezing.
Signs of intoxication seafood
Regardless of what seafood people ate, the symptoms will be exactly the same:
- nausea, retching, severe dizziness an hour after eating;
- flatulence that is accompanied by spasmodic pain;
- severe pain in the stomach and intestines, continuous diarrhea after a half hour;
- the urine becomes dark in color;
- raising the temperature to very high values, so the body tries to fight off foreign microorganisms.
Poisoning symptoms oysters can be complemented by neurological disorders such as seizures.
If the person is allergic to protein, it appears a strong smell of acetone from the mouth. It is urgent to give an antihistamine to prevent swelling.
Treatment after this type of poisoning should appoint only the doctor. But first aid should be provided immediately. Protocol for urgent care described below.
- The stomach is washed with plenty of water. For greater effect, you can add a soda or a solution of potassium permanganate.
To avoid burning the mucosa of the permanganate of potassium is first dissolved in a small volume of water and then added to water for gastric lavage.
- The victim is placed in a well ventilated and darkened room, to arrange peace.
- If fever above 38.5 degrees, it is necessary to bring down the tablets of paracetamol or ibuprofen. Use syrups are not recommended as they contain preservatives that are bad for irritable stomach.
Meds from diarrhea is not necessary at least during the day so the toxins are eliminated from the body naturally.
Diet during the recovery period
On the first day of poisoning, the person should not offer any food at all. Gastric mucosa for a day a little time to recover. In a day you can gradually introduce in the diet of low-fat nutritious food that is easily digestible. The sequence of introducing foods is this:
- liquid viscous cereal without added butter;
- the second broth from chicken or veal;
- baked apples and ripe bananas;
- app nesdobnoe cookies or crackers;
- decoctions of dried fruits or rose hips.
On the third day in the diet added with 1% milk and bifidokefir. Even a day later you can enable in the menu of minced meat.
Prevention of seafood poisoning
Prevention is always easier than to face the consequences. Therefore, to avoid poisoning of seafood, you should follow these rules:
- Carefully choose products in stores. Do not purchase products deformed or torn packaging. This may indicate that repeated freezing.
- Not to eat raw seafood.
- Not to buy seafood from questionable sources. Even if they are much cheaper.
- Do not eat seafood, if the medical report had allergic reactions to the protein.
Adhering to these simple rules, you can preserve the health of yourself and your loved ones