A bump on the gums are not sore what it is: a seal, a growth on the gums
Quite often, patients come to the dentists with the question, there was a bump on the gum, does not hurt, what is it? Any tumor in the oral cavity is usually regarded as a pathology. Healthy gums have a smooth pale pink color, clear and smooth surface, without bumps and tumors. In any case it is impossible to ignore the growth that appears on the gums, even if it does not bother. Such tumors usually are the consequence of various pathologies developing in the oral cavity. Hard lump on the gums over time may degenerate into a malignant tumor and lead to very serious consequences.
In what diseases occur lump on the gums
What is a convex seal gums? If a bump on the gums are not sore, then most likely it can be a manifestation of the following diseases:
- fistula — it looks like a white bump on the gums and has an output hole;
- the epulis — on x-ray looks like a mushroom education with a hat on the gums and legs to the root or neck of the tooth;
- the exostosis — abnormal bony growths;
- periodontitis is manifested by the formation of solid bumps on the gums;
Sometimes after removal of a molar tooth on the gums a hematoma in the form of a solid reddish bumps. It is necessary to distinguish each of the above pathologies.
What is a fistula
Fistula often occurs with advanced forms of periodontitis. This disease most often develops due to non-compliance with hygiene of the oral cavity. In this case, the gum grows abnormally (hyperplasia) and becomes loose. In such a fabric is easily located by pathogenic microorganisms causing inflammation. First, there is a small whitish bump. If the accumulating pus finds exit, the pressure inside the cavity there is a strong aching pain. This is an acute form of the fistula. She is treated surgically with subsequent washing. Under local anesthesia, made a small incision on the gums and rinsing with antiseptics (for example, Furatsilin).
If untreated, the lump themselves sometimes bursts, and pus goes into the oral cavity. With the free expiry of pus pain syndrome disappears, but in this case, the fistula becomes chronic and does not heal independently. Treatment of fistulas chronic forms — a process much more lengthy. In this case, he also removed surgical methods or prizhivaetsya chemicals. After surgery the patient is also appointed the broad-spectrum antibiotics and a mouth rinse with a solution Furatsilina or iodized salt. To treat a fistula is necessary, otherwise the development of the inflammatory process may lead to the loss of even healthy teeth.
What is epulis
The epulis is a white tumor formation. It may look like a bump on the gums above the tooth. If the epulis is formed on the lower jaw, he looks like a white bump on the gum under the tooth. This pathology can occur in both adults and children. In babies the formation of epulis is often observed during the period of teething. Women suffer from this disease three times more often than men. There is a epulis mostly on incisors and premolars. The main reason for the occurrence of cones of this kind is long lasting injury to the gums an uncomfortable tooth, the sharp edges of the damaged tooth with a large dental stones or incorrectly made dentures. Factors contributing to the emergence of epulis are malocclusion, misaligned teeth, various hormonal disorders.
Depending on the clinical symptoms distinguish fibromatous, angiomatous, and giant cell epulis. And the fibromatous angiomatous epulis develop as a pathological overgrowth of the gingival tissue in response to chronic inflammation. Giant cell epulis can develop from the tissues of the gums and alveolar bones.
- Fibromatous epulis is usually the color of healthy gums, may be rounded or irregularly shaped and has a leg which is adjacent to the teeth. It’s painless and not bleeding education.
- The angiomatous epulis characterized by rapid growth, bright red color and bleeding that occurs even with a light injury. Lump in this case is formed in the neck of the tooth and has a relatively soft consistency.
- Giant cell epulis is education is also painless, you’ll be purple color and elasticity. It grows slowly, is easily injured and bleeding. Bumpy surface for healing erosions and ulcers.
Primarily in the treatment of epulis removed traumatic factor. Education itself can only be removed surgically under local anesthesia. After removal of the wound cauterize by laser or chemical means in order to prevent recurrence, then treat with an antiseptic. The disease can be avoided to prevent injury to the gums.
The symptoms and treatment of exostosis
Exostosis is abnormal bony growths that can form on the palate, the inner surface of the lower jaw alveolar ridge. In many cases, these formations are practically invisible. Sometimes they can be felt in language as dense and smooth bulge on the gums. Exostosis is completely painless, but over time tend to increase. In rare cases these tumors become malignant. The exact causes of this pathology are still unclear. Of the factors contributing to the development of this disease, stress, genetic predisposition, abnormal structure of the jaw, injuries (fractures, bruises) jaw, complications of incorrect extractions and other surgical dental operations.
If the exostosis does not cause discomfort, dentists are usually not recommended to take any actions against these entities. However, if necessary, installation of dentures, the exostosis need to remove, as any prosthesis will injure soft tissue in the area of pathological bone growth. In addition, note that these formations can grow in size. The operation is performed under local anesthesia. Bony growths are cut down using a drill or laser scalpel. Then, the surface of the jaw bone is polished to give it a normal shape.
Infectious diseases caused by the formation of bumps on the gums
Periodontitis in most cases occurs when massive destructions of a tooth and dental nezaplanirovannaya channels. Getting to the root of the tooth, pathogens cause inflammation of the soft tissues in this area, leading to the formation of granulomas or cysts, which looks like a dense lump on the gums. Acute infectious process may feel a strong aching pain, but over time the pain goes away or is significantly reduced. If treatment is started early in the disease, it is usually sufficient cleaning of canals and removal of carious tooth tissue. The channels then carefully sealed and put the seal on the crown.
In the case of chronic process the root canals are expanded and treated with antiseptic. Then put a temporary filling with the therapeutic material and prescribed a course of antibiotics. About a week later the temporary filling can be replaced by a permanent pre filling of root canals. In some cases, if the tooth is under the crown, surgeons resort to surgical treatment of periodontitis. In this case, under local anesthesia, an incision is made on the gums in the area of the affected tooth. Then the affected cyst the tip of the tooth root is cut with a drill bit and polished. To prevent the development of inflammatory processes prescribe a course of antibiotics, and since the third day after surgery rinse mouth with disinfectant. For these purposes, can be used diluted alcohol solution Hlorofillipt, solution Furatsilina or infusions of herbs that have antiseptic properties (sage, chamomile, calendula).
In the case of a running periodontitis, pus can not break out through the soft gum tissue and accumulate around the jaw bone, causing Shin splints. In this case, the gums formed a massive education in the form of the tumor known under the name flux. In dentistry, this disease is called periostitis. If untreated, this pathology may be accompanied by fever, enlargement of regional lymph nodes, and in some cases a sharp pain.
Improper care of the oral cavity and teeth often develops a disease such as gingivitis. In addition to flow off and redness of the gums, the symptoms of this disease often present the formation of small bumps of red color on the gums that are easily injured even with a toothbrush and often bleed profusely. A bump may form on gums in between teeth or on tooth does not hurt. Treatment of gingivitis consists of rehabilitation of the oral cavity by a dentist and subsequent, thoroughly carried out at home oral hygiene.
Treatment of abscess takes several months. First remove the crown (if any), the old seal, then clean and widen the root canal, creating a hole for the exit of pus. Prescribed rinsing of the mouth with antiseptic solutions and antibiotics. When the flux passes, for 2-3 months treatment put temporary filling material. The channels then washed again and put a permanent seal. Unfortunately, this disease often gives relapses. The frequent recurrence of the tooth, the root of which formed a cyst, to be removed.
Painless bump on the gums may occur in case of formation of subgingival calculus. In this case, the bumps can have irregular oblong in shape, whitish color, or the color of healthy gums (depends on location of stone). Such cones are often found on the inner surface of the gums beneath the teeth on the lower jaw or on the outer side of the gums above the molars in the upper jaw. The reason for the formation of Tartar — lack of or improper cleaning of the teeth. The lack of treatment of this pathology eventually leads to the development of such serious diseases as periodontitis, in which the loosening of teeth, even the healthy and the probability of their loss. Treatment is to remove dental calculus in a mechanical way, which recently resorted to less frequently, or using the ultrasonic device. The latter method is absolutely painless, does not damage the enamel of the teeth and disinfects the treatment area of the gums.
Since most of the problems in the oral cavity, including the formation of painless lumps on the gums occurs due to lack of good oral hygiene, from childhood need to comply with the following rules:
- Daily brush your teeth twice a day. For the first time after Breakfast and second time before sleeping.
- The procedure of cleaning the teeth and oral cavity should take no less than 3-5 minutes. The teeth should be cleaned from all sides.
- In addition to the teeth, the toothbrush should clean the gums, the lining inside the cheeks and tongue.
- The brush should be clean, with the right kind of bristles. Change your toothbrush once in three months, which also accumulate various bacteria.
- For cleansing the space between your teeth you need to use floss (floss). This procedure is preferably carried out after each meal.
- After snacking during the day, you need to use sugar-free gum. Chew no more than 15 minutes.
- Limit consumption of sweets. This sugary environment encourages the rapid multiplication of all pathogenic microorganisms in the oral cavity. Therefore, frequent eating of foods confectionery industry inevitably causes a variety of diseases of the teeth and soft tissues of the oral cavity.
Even in the absence of disturbing problems, it is necessary at least every six months checkups at the dentist. Often self-detect a developing disease is not possible. It can be done only by a professional with careful examination. Well-timed treatment will help maintain healthy teeth and avoid various serious complications.