Fastest way to get white smile, without resorting to professional procedures, is abrasive toothpaste. The principle of its action is severe mechanical action on the skin surface that promotes the removal of plaque and elimination of pigmentation. Despite the visible effect of the application of the abrasive particles, they have a high degree of damage to the coating. Removing from the visible plaque, they are both thinner and violate its integrity. To prevent this process, it is necessary to adhere to certain rules of selection and application of whitening items.
The polishing composition of the masses for the teeth
The first polishing particles used in the manufacture of the whitening products, steel, calcium compounds: dicalcium phosphate, tricalcium phosphate etc. Earlier production a lightening of the masses was actively used chalk. Today it is less frequently used because of its incompatibility with the therapeutic elements. To increase the efficiency of purifying the masses, choose the chalk with a low content of oxides of aluminum and iron.
Popular ingredients used in the production of polishing of the masses, are silicon compounds. The advantage of these ingredients is the compatibility with other components that allows to create products with various stages of polishing, for all types of coatings.
Commonly used ingredients of the abrasive masses are compounds of fluorine. The effect of these items is aimed at reducing the intensity of aggressive polishers, remineralisation of the enamel. Often in the manufacture of bleaching of the masses used, the following compounds of fluorine: aminopterine, sodium fluoride, sodium monoftorfosfat. The advantage of these elements is the combination of ability to effectively remove the visible layer and compatibility with the other components.
Modern designs can contain up to 40% abrasive particles. The value of this index indicates the efficiency of the purification of the coating.
The intensity of the exposure means is determined by the size of the polishing particles. The bigger they are, the faster eliminates visible pigmentation. At the same time the regular impact of components of the polishing thins the coating and leads to the development of hyperesthesia.
Cleansers and the index of the RDA
Any abrasive toothpastes are characterized by the degree of grinding and the hardness of the microparticles. Choosing polishing mass, it is necessary to pay attention to its alkalinity, which is determined by the intensity of the impact on coverage. With the aim of careful bleaching should explore the possible reaction in the interaction of components with the surface of the teeth.
If you select mass, you must carefully study its composition, paying attention to the index of the RDA. This sign on the label indicates the size of the microparticles and the nature of the impact on coverage. The higher the index the RDA, the better cleansing properties of the product. For each type of coverage acceptable to certain values of the index, including:
- not more than 50 units — used for removing the formed layer from sensitive surfaces, in the presence of gum disease;
- no more than 80 units can be used for the care of children’s teeth;
- no more than 100 units — standard types of cleaning masses, which are used for periodic bleaching;
- more than 100 units are used to remove hard plaque on the recommendation of a doctor.
Despite the different degrees of purification, do not use polishing elements without the advice of a doctor. Only a specialist, assessing the surface condition, may recommend the use of the product with a certain degree RDA or the use of more gentle methods of purification.
Famous brand whitening ingredients
Popular toothpaste for intensive plaque removal is «Lakalut White». In its manufacture are used rounded grinding elements, fluorides and pyrophosphates. Pyrophosphates have a splitting effect on the resulting plaque, and microparticles contribute to its removal from the surface. Despite the fact that the product has a degree RDA of 120 units, its effect is not as destructive as other representatives of this group of substances. This property justifies contained in its composition, with fluorine that have a restorative effect on the enamel. Despite the relative safety of use, this product is recommended to use not more than 1 times a week.
In the list of intensively acting toothpastes included «President White plus». A high degree of the RDA (200 units) means kompensiruet a special composition, which includes calcium abrasive components, hood sea shells and extract tsetrarii Icelandic. The most common use for removal of dental deposits of varying degrees of density. The use of «President White plus» is recommended for patients prone to formation of stones. In addition to the cleaning effect the product has antibacterial and remineralizing action on enamel and gums. For maximum effect without causing substantial harm to the surface it is recommended to use «President White plus» not more than 1 time a week.
More gentle on the surface of the teeth «antitobacco and coffee» from Rembrandt. The product consists of aluminium oxide and silicon, has a devastating effect on the dense plaque.
With the aim of increasing the efficiency of the main components in the compound included papain, and sodium citrate, which dissolve the formed deposits. Intense whitening ingredients kompensiruet additional finding in the composition of fluoride, stimulating the process of remineralization enamel. The use of Rembrandt «antitobacco and coffee» is the best option for home teeth whitening patients who abuse drinks with caffeine and Smoking. Surface treatment bleaching mass a few times a week allows you to lighten the coverage on 3-4 tones.
For gentle cleansing of teeth, has undergone considerable pigmentation, recommended the use of «Silca arctic white» with a degree RDA 85 units. Its main component is fluorine, contributing to maintain and restore the integrity of the enamel. In addition it includes polishers and microgranules, which not only remove the formed plaque, but also to warn its further occurrence. Using «Silca arctic white» is recommended in patients who abuse tobacco and coffee, with the goal of preventing violations of the integrity of the coating and gums.
Effectively removes plaque toothpaste ROCS PRO FreshMint «gentle whitening». The difference of this product is the presence in its composition of only one abrasive element, which reduces the efficiency of bleaching, but allows you to use it daily without damaging the integrity of the coating. ROCS PRO FreshMint «gentle whitening» has a preventive effect on the oral cavity, preventing the development of bacterial pathologies (gingivitis, periodontitis). The use of this mass strengthens the enamel, saturating it with calcium and phosphorus.
The most mild effect, but low polishing properties of the entire list abrasive toothpastes has «Yotuel». The product contains calcium, phosphate, carbamide peroxide. These components, in addition to the cleaning effect, have a prophylactic effect on the oral cavity, preventing the development of caries and gingivitis.
Do I need to use funds from the microparticles
The main rule of using the polishing elements prior consultation with your doctor. You should not mindlessly apply cleaners, wanting to quickly get a beautiful smile. Only the expert, based on inspection of the oral cavity of the patient, decides on the permissibility of the use polishers to remove plaque, the paste form and the manner of its application.
Despite the visible effect that is observed after the use of polishers, these funds relate to unsafe methods of whitening. They are not used to remove plaque from the coatings having high sensitivity. It is not recommended to abuse them and to patients with healthy oral cavity. Lengthy treatment of microparticles contributes to the thinning of the surface and in the absence of timely therapy leads to its complete destruction.
Despite assurances from manufacturers about the production of pastes on the basis of components that is gentle on the enamel, do not use abrasives daily. For optimum use of polishers no more than 3 times a week. This mode of use is optimal, allows to effectively remove plaque and small dental plaque without causing significant harm to the oral cavity.
Periodic bleaching is recommended to use a toothpaste with an RDA is not more than 75 units. The use of substances with a greater degree of grinding contributes to the uncomfortable feelings by drinking excessively hot or cold food, sour or sweet food. Prolonged use of potent components leads to thinning of the coating in areas adjacent to the gums, leading to caries and wedge shaped defect.
An alternative means of purification
To enhance the action of lightening agents and reduce the number of polishers manufacturers further use in the bleaching of masses enzymes or peroxides. The first action is not aimed at «husking», as in the polishing of components, and the splitting up of plaque. Such exposure is not less effective to whiten the surface, but deals less damage.
For whitening the surface using 3 types of fissile ingredients:
- papain and bromelain — natural enzymes that dissolve protein-based plaque;
- the polydon component, the reinforcing effect of the basic substances.
Alternatively abrasives to remove pigmentation using the peroxides of hydrogen or carbamide, the principle of which is the occurrence of chemical reactions in the interaction of the cleansing component enamel. During the occurrence of this process is highlighted active oxygen having a bleaching effect.
Despite the fact that a large part of the paste add a small amount of peroxides, the use of these ingredients does not give the desired effect, comparable to abrasive cleansing. Another disadvantage of these funds is more intense effect on enamel than enzymes, and therefore they are not used when monitoring the patient’s hypersensitivity, the violation of the integrity of the surface.
Alternative polishing particles are gel-like substances based on silicon oxide. This component has a mild polishing effect, not accompanied by violation of the integrity of the surface.
Effect of gel structures lower than the traditional cleaners, but due to the low abrasive properties, they can apply for rehabilitation the most sensitive skin.
Abrasive substances are quick remedies to return of the enamel healthy tone. Feature of the use of these components is a thinning of the surface under the action of the microparticles. For best results and to preserve the integrity of the oral cavity it is necessary to carefully approach the selection and application of abrasives, after consultation with a specialist.