Basal implants: what is it
Not everyone knows what a basal implants, despite the fact that this method of restoring the dentition appeared in 60-ies of the last century. Through this procedure, you can regain a beautiful smile and to avoid surgery sinus lifting. Dental implants are an option in the event of severe bone atrophy and many other dental problems.
Brief information about basal implantation
Method of prosthetics got its name due to the fact that the installation of the pins, which technically replaces the tooth root, the bone is produced in the basal layers (deep). This part of the jaw is subject to atrophic processes and has a dense structure.
Installation of the «new teeth» regardless of their number, produced in a single step. That is, there is no need after each implantation of another implant is to wait until tissue regeneration, which will allow for advance setting of the pin.
The design of the implant gives an opportunity to choose the most suitable size of the artificial teeth and their shape, location and fixation to the bone. Some patients the implant is installed at an angle, if there is a need to increase the area of contact with bone and to increase the load on the artificial teeth.
Positive aspects of dental prosthetics
After it became clear that it is for dental treatment, should not be confused with the classical implantation. Basal dental implantation lasts for several hours (depending on number of inserted pins). While conventional treatment can last for six months. Due to the fact that the implantable material is injected into a dense bone structure, put on his prosthetic tooth will be approximately 5 days.
When the dental prosthesis is performed basal method, the pins are introduced into the deeper layers, do not require any extensions of the upper jaw by surgical lifting of the maxillary sinus.
Another advantage of basal implantation is the lack of need for bone grafting. The fact that after the removal of the tooth in its place quickly begins to occur atrophy of the bone tissue. For the classical method of installation pins, you must first build up the bone. This stage takes not only time. The patient will have to expose themselves to additional unpleasant procedures, in addition, will increase the list of expenses.
To put the implant, it is not necessary to peel off the top layer of Muco-supraspinous of shred. Bone trauma is minimal because there is no need to drill a large space for installation of the pin.
With the help of specialized tool, the doctor makes a thin puncture at the site of installation of the implant. This not only reduces the period of regeneration, but also ensures that no stitches needed. Due to the low degree of injury the majority of patients the next day after all dental procedures are not experiencing pain. Swelling also takes place.
The artificial teeth roots in the absence of complications within 3 days after introduction into the body can be loaded prostheses. In order to gradually get used to the new teeth and not to exert strong pressure on the jaw and pins, for the first year the patient is recommended to set the prosthesis of lightweight materials, for example, of metal. Such material makes it easy to adjust the new teeth to fit the individual characteristics of the human jaw. In the future, the patient may them to install permanent dentures are of a different material.
After you have set the pins and installed these prostheses, approx 1-1. 5 weeks, the patient gets used to their presence in the mouth, and chewing function will return to normal. In the first days after the dental treatment, the patient will be forced to only eat liquid and soft foods. The load on the jaw increase gradually. When chewing function is fully restored, will start to occur to reverse the process of atrophy. The pressure exerted by the implant on the bone structure will stimulate their regeneration.
Used to restore the dentition of basal implants on some parts have a porous structure. This lessens the risk of rejection of a foreign body, as in the bone regeneration process the pores are filled by cells of the body.
If all manipulations have been produced according to rules and regulations, complications are extremely rare. After the implant the denture can be removable, and permanent. The average warranty period of dentures is 25 years or more.
Any medical procedure has a negative side. They can be large or small.
Basal implants has the following nuances, that is, the negative points:
- The operation to restore the dentition possible with the installation of a minimum of 2 implants.
- According to statistics, the percentage of rejection of pins is negligible, but it exceeds the typical screw elements.
- The period of recovery. To completely gone, and all traces pointing to performed dental intervention, it takes about 2 weeks.
- The first implants, which are installed for 1 year, have a metal base and do not look very aesthetically pleasing. But after a year you can change to more sophisticated models.
- Implant failure leads to the fact that in the place where I had to stand the pin remains sufficiently large recess. It’s aesthetically ugly, in addition, for a long time to heal.
- If there is a need to re-implantation at the site where she had been previously required additional treatment. The patient will need first to restore the bone and then continue to restore the dentition.
- A small number of professionals able to conduct a competent basal implantation.
This list of shortcomings is conditional. More detailed information can be obtained from a doctor who will tell you about all possible adverse effects for each patient specifically, after we conduct all necessary tests.
The sequence of stages of prosthetics
Before you restore the dentition, it is not enough just to visit the dentist. The implants will be appointed not earlier than the end of the preparatory stage.
Initially, the patient will need a complete reorganization of the mouth. Should not be carious teeth or diseases that can complicate the installation of the pins and to prevent the restoration of tissues.
After assessing the overall health of the patient assigned to the study of bone tissue. If satisfactory and there are no contraindications for implantation, the physician continues to restore a beautiful smile. After you have determined the place of implantation of the pins, pre-perform a 3D computer simulation. This will allow the doctor to examine all of the features and scope of the upcoming work. Gets the size of the implants.
After the preparatory stage is completed, set a date for dental surgery for the introduction of prostheses. Mainly the procedure for installing the pins is performed under the action of local anesthesia, but can be considered and the full introduction of patient to anesthesia.
With the help of the Bor, the doctor makes a puncture, and forms the bed, where soon will be installed the artificial root. In recent times is the simultaneous removal of the natural root, with subsequent replacement of the pin.
When the hole is formed, it gently screw the implant. Rare, but it can be necessary to cut the gums. This requires the additional imposition of operating seams.
In addition, the basal implant has a base which can be screwed, it has a special coating which makes artificial material to shift from a given doctor axis.
After you have installed dentures, the patient is a mold of the jaw. It is necessary in order to create dental crowns. Their production takes about 4 days. Initially produced fitting and adjustment. To make your teeth look natural, the crown should fit snugly to the pin. The adhesion between the implant and the tooth is carried out using a special adhesive.
With these temporary prosthesis, the patient may be from 1 to 3 years. During this period of time the body adapts to the foreign subjects. If artificial teeth have taken root, then after about a year you can change the metal and other material to put in the permanent crowns.