Brown coating on the tongue in adults causes and treatment

Quite often you can see the brown coating on the tongue in adults. Under certain conditions, it is a sign of pathological processes in the body. If the problem persists after a few days, you should consult a doctor. To help you can physician or gastroenterologist and, of course, the dentist.

The principle of the formation of plaque

To make it clearer why there is a RAID on the language and what it means in a particular case, you should understand the principle of its formation. The fact that the human tongue is covered with miniature papillae, between which there is free space. Here clogged food debris, dead skin particles epithelium, internal allocations in the oral cavity. At their excessive accumulation begin to actively proliferate the bacteria. All this creates favorable conditions for pathogenic microorganisms and related processes. To accelerate their ability several factors, including the characteristics of the state of internal organs.

When formed a brown coating on the tongue, causes in most cases are pathological. Normally, its layer is thin and easily peeled off, and the color is white maybe with a light yellowish. The mucosa of the oral cavity in this pink, without obvious redness or erythematous patches. If the language of the brown layer too much, it is not cleaned, smells unpleasant, and the mucous membranes of the mouth changed its color, it’s a serious cause for concern, so you should go for a consultation with a doctor.

Causes of dark RAID

It is impossible to ignore the brown coating on the tongue in adults, the reasons for which can be quite harmless factors, and serious chronic health problems. It is better to clarify the situation with a specialist and to conduct a series of manipulations to get rid of the problem until it has caused complications. In addition to aesthetic and hygienic difficulties, a symptom can cause the spread of bacteria throughout the body.

Common factors

Reasons that can explain why the language accumulate a dark film, very much. It is therefore necessary to divide them into several categories. The first of them is common factors. They do not carry much of a threat, if you start to deal with them. Some people are constantly confronted with their influence, but no major health problems do not.

Dark spots on the tongue can trigger the following reasons:

  • Hygiene. Need daily brushing not only the teeth but the tongue, otherwise it begins to breed bacteria.
  • Coffee, tea, Cola and other beverages. They just paint the plaque in a dark color.
  • Products such as chocolate. The principle is the same as with the drinks.
  • Smoking. Smoke, tar and other harmful substances deposited on the mucosa in the oral cavity, thus affecting also the teeth.
  • Alcohol. Alcohol abuse affects the health of the whole person. This symptom is particularly noticeable in the morning after libations
  • Medication. Some medications with a long reception of provoking the appearance of a layer of dark color. These include antibiotics, malavit, faringosept, as well as some means for rinsing the mouth with menthol or herbal supplements.
  • A deficiency of vitamins. Lack of nutrients affects the human condition and its institutions. One of the types of deficiency disease is pellagra.
  • Vomiting. Prolonged vomiting plaque is natural.
  • Dehydration. Dehydration of the body primarily affects the oral cavity.
  • Poisoning with chemicals. There is a relationship of organs of the oral cavity and gastrointestinal tract, as well as system of bloodstream, that is why violations in the form of intoxication have a direct reflection.
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Thus, in most cases, the RAID is a short-term phenomenon. The dark color it acquires by staining food or drinks. This plaque is easily eliminated by the simplest hygienic procedures, but it’s better to make sure that no other reasons for all this not worth it.

Diseases of the gastrointestinal tract

The highest correlation with the language have the digestive tract, and because they explain in most cases why the plaque is abnormal color. Among all possible problems, it is necessary to highlight the following:

  1. Poisoning. The body salakavala, there are typical symptoms of intoxication, harmful substances affect the tissues and organs.
  2. Violation of saliva. If the salivary glands are working insufficiently in the mouth has dry, mucous inflamed, plaque is not washed out by natural means. The result can be inflammation, and form brown spots.
  3. Reflux. Occurs reflux into the esophagus of gastric juice or food due to malfunctioning of the sphincter.
  4. Gastritis. Inflammation of the stomach lining, often caused by the bacterium Helicobacter Pylori.
  5. Duodenitis. Inflammation of the intestinal mucosa in a place where open gastric sphincter.
  6. Ulcer. Violation of the integrity of the internal membranes of the stomach or duodenum.
  7. Dysbacteriosis. Disruption of the balance between beneficial and pathogenic microorganisms, most often in the intestines.
  8. Enterocolitis. Intestinal inflammation in a thin and thick departments.
  9. Diseases of the liver. Hepatitis and other diseases are directly reflected in the form of plaque in the oral cavity.
  10. Problems with the gall bladder. Including affected by biliary tract disease.
  11. Crohn’s Disease. This is a serious pathology, covering the entire digestive tract.
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Any problems with the digestive system should be treated urgently, until they become chronic and provoked the emergence of new diseases.

Other health problems

Gastrointestinal diseases are the most common reasons for the appearance of abnormal patches on the tongue, the causes were due to violation of digestion and excretion of waste substances and bacteria. However, this is not the only influencing factors associated with health problems. Dark spots on tongue can appear due to the development of such diseases:

Pathology of the respiratory system. These include any disease of the lungs, bronchus and trachea, nasopharynx. Angina, pneumonia, bronchitis layer in the language increases.
Violation of lymph drainage. More research is needed to determine the cause of this phenomenon.
Diseases of the joints. Signs of inflammation in the articular joints.
Diabetes. The plaque indicates serious problems, up to risk a diabetic coma.
Addison’s Disease. This pathology of the endocrine system.
Candidiasis. Fungal infections. Not only dark, but abundant white patches can indicate a fungal infection or candidiasis.
Viruses. The thicker the layer, the stronger and neglected viral disease.
Autoimmune diseases of the blood. They can be linked with hereditary characteristics of the organism.

In any case, the appearance of plaque that is not associated with common factors people should be alerted. This is a clear signal about the decline of the immune system, and in most cases – already existing disease.

Distinctive shades and localization

To explain the possible causes of the problem can factors such as the shade, density, thickness, and location of the plaque.

Dark brown spot on tongue, not associated with staining foods and beverages, indicates serious pathology. Light shade may be associated with indirect factors of influence. Yellow is a sign of problems with the gastrointestinal tract.

If there is a single speck on the tip, is to check the respiratory system. The same applies to symmetric formations on the sides. But the root with a dense layer of the plaque indicates chronic problems with the digestive system.

If the brownish layer is easily peeled off, a problem has arisen recently and is still not bear much of a threat. Thick detachable plaque – about to go to the doctor. This is most likely a symptom of a chronic disease.

Methods of treatment

If you notice that you have a brown tongue, but the reasons you have not known, you need to contact the medical institution and be examined by a doctor. Identifying the exact causes and treatment – two inseparable concepts. Selection of treatment depends on what specific factor has provoked the emergence of such symptoms.
In most cases the treatment consists in the following:

  • remove tongue plaque through the implementation of hygienic manipulation;
  • use for rinsing antiseptic solutions, for example, decoction of chamomile;
  • adjust your own diet;
  • if necessary, consult your doctor for the selection of medicines can save you from the causes of the disease (antifungals, antiviral, anti-inflammatory medications, etc.);
  • alone is not recommended to perform specific manipulations and start taking medication.
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Prevention

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To the language of the adult did not appear nasty plaque, it is recommended to take preventive measures. They must enter into your lifestyle and become a daily habit.
Prevention tips:

  1. Daily chistte teeth, and tongue. To do this, use a special scraper or a toothbrush with ribbed reverse side.
  2. Additionally use of means for rinsing the mouth, thus pay attention to the composition of the rinse.
  3. Eat the right food, stick to a balanced diet. You need to provide the body with vitamins and fiber to maintain intestinal health.
  4. Do not abuse coffee and strong tea, and catasterismi products. Sweet drinks minimize.
  5. Ditch unhealthy habits. Alcohol and Smoking in the first place affect the health of oral cavity and organism as a whole.
  6. Regularly pass prophylactic medical examination in the clinic, including a visit to the dentist. Don’t ignore health problems, especially if you have a tendency to certain diseases, including hereditary.

If, however, the plaque appeared, and delete it does not work, do not hesitate to appeal to the doctor to solve the problem until perhaps only a little effort.