Brown coating on the tongue in adults: causes, treatment

We all know that language is a «mirror» of the digestive tract, but brown coating on the tongue is not the norm, so you need to know about the causes of such problems and its treatment methods.

Language is unpaired muscular organ, the beginning of the digestive tract. With him, we talk, eat, and best of all, feel the taste of different products. This work is done by papillae, which are located throughout the language. 4 their kind, and everyone is responsible for his taste.

Causes brown plaque on the tongue

The etiology of the occurrence of the symptom is different, but what it means in most cases? The reason may be:

  • the consumption of staining substances;
  • supplementation, which include bismuth;
  • bad habits — Smoking and alcohol;
  • too frequent use of drinks containing caffeine;
  • poor dental health;
  • dehydration;
  • launched stomatitis;
  • candidiasis of the oral cavity;
  • Addison’s disease;
  • deficiency of vitamin PP;
  • pathology of the digestive tract;
  • diabetic coma;
  • food poisoning;
  • diseases of the circulatory system.

If before the appearance of plaque subjects consumed chocolate, coffee, it will pass quickly, as is the remains of the Goodies. Tar contained in the cigarette also mucosa painted in a dark color. If the plaque is associated with taking medications, should consult a doctor, as this may be intoxication or violation of the flora of the oral cavity(with antibiotics).

Many diseases of the digestive tract give a brown coating on the tongue. If plaque is attached to the sour taste, it may indicate a peptic ulcer or gastritis. Bitter taste in the mouth can hide behind diseases of the gall-liver system. Babies have brown patina shows on the running form of candidiasis or disorders of the bile. Dry mouth, dehydration can also result in brown patina, this is especially the case during pregnancy, after a long sickness.

To determine the exact cause of plaque, you need to know when it appears, saturation and thickness. If it is visible in the morning and after the sanation of oral cavity does not pass, it indicates the presence of the disease.

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Shades of brown plaque

  • plaque is a yellow-brown shade — can accompany diseases of the digestive tract: liver disease, ulcer, gastritis, enteritis provide this color. He also observed in chronic alcoholism on the background of pancreatic necrosis or steatosis of the liver. This color accompanies and chemical poisoning, toxic substances;
  • light brown may indicate diseases of the respiratory system: asthma, bronchitis, pneumonia; in violation of lymphatic drainage, diseases of the joints;
  • green-brown — the development of fungus in the mouth, taking antibiotics, receiving immunomodulatory means. During sexual development hormones also can contribute to the appearance of a greenish hue on the tongue. As well as the supply of mainly fatty and fried food, lack of vitamins;
  • dark brown can be purchased in diseases of the liver, gall bladder, pancreas. Then added the bitter taste in the mouth, vomiting, nausea, pain in the right or left podrebarac.

The consistency and thickness

Thickness

  • thin layer — indicates a recent period of disease, of viral etiology, transient reactions. It is easily removed during cleaning;
  • a thick layer indicates the presence of chronic diseases in the stage of clinical manifestations and the presence of infectious agents. It is difficult to schitalsya mucosa of the tongue.

The consistency of the brown RAID may be wet, dry or oily. This illustrates the different ways of the disease.

  1. Dry tongue — evidence of failure of the salivary glands. This may result in infection in the oral cavity, the stones in the ducts of the salivary glands, inflammation of the glands.
  2. If the language is smooth, swollen with a wet coating, and it shows teeth marks — it speaks of the lack of vitamins, deficiency of iodine or myxedema (thyroid disease, when due to the involutive processes or cancer gland produces less hormone triiodothyronine than normal).
  3. Localized in certain areas — each area is responsible for specific organ system, and is caused by a disease of a particular system. The root is responsible for the digestive tract — intestines, liver, pancreas, stomach. The middle of the tongue puts the cardiovascular system. A plaque on the tongue indicates problems in the respiratory tract and the upper and lower.
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Photo

Diagnosis

To find out the cause of the tongue coating and how to remove it, a doctor’s consultation. This should help the therapist or your family doctor.

To determine the required thorough history — when and illnesses, hypothermia, bad habits, childhood diseases, and recent intake of medicines.

Then the doctor needs to objectively examine the patient. However, he can detect abdominal tenderness, abnormal heart murmur, or crepitus rales in lungs, an inflammatory disease of the upper respiratory tract.

As additional research methods to a final diagnosis the doctor can help:

  1. Total blood count, blood cultures on nutrient media, biochemical analysis of blood.
  2. A stool sample.
  3. Fluorogram or chest x-ray.
  4. OBP ultrasound (abdominal organs), thyroid, hepatobiliary system.
  5. EFGDS, pH-metry, duodenal intubation.

Treatment

Treatment is appointed in accordance with the identified disease. The doctor recommends a particular drug therapy, possibly in combination with physical therapy.

How to remove brown plaque should be of some concern, since this is likely a signal that the body is not all good. Once you can try to clean off the plaque with a toothbrush and toothpaste. If it is not cleaned off and does not disappear for more than 3 days, you should immediately consult a doctor and to treat the underlying disease. It is itself a plaque will be removed, if it candidiasis, thrush or launched products that stain the mucosa.

If this is one of the diseases that are directly striking the oral cavity and mucous membranes of the language, can undergo local treatment. In the case of bacterial flora — stomatitis — can every 2 hours to rinse a local antiseptic(haylor, hlorofillipt, tantum Verde, the throat Forte). In the case of fungal origin will always help nystatin and its derivatives in the complex therapy, which is prescribed by a doctor.

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Video: illness, which will explain your language.

Prevention

Than cure, it is always better to avoid the appearance of plaque, it needs to avoid diseases of the organ systems we’ve covered before. And to get rid of plaque and prevent it if it is not a signal of severe diseases of internal organs, always ready to help the following rules:

  • to get rid of bad habits — alcohol and Smoking;
  • replace a drink with caffeine in large doses for herbal tea or water;
  • eat healthy food;
  • to construct your diet;
  • to include fiber in diet;
  • to increase the intake of natural cheese, milk, yoghurts;
  • make the b vitamins;
  • to reduce the consumption of spicy, salty, fatty, fried foods;
  • boost your immune system;
  • is carried out 2 times a day a comprehensive oral hygiene;
  • to prevent intestinal dysbiosis.

These recommendations will help you not only to get rid of brown patches on the tongue, but also to feel healthy, be full of strength and energy.