Bump on tongue: at the root or at the tip of, the causes, what to do
Bump on tongue not only makes it difficult to eat, but also produces a sense of shame and aesthetic discomfort. The bumps that appear on the tongue, this result of injury or a complication of the disease? Why does the language appear bumps and how to deal with them, take a closer look.
The main causes of formations in a language
If you notice a lesion appeared in the mouth, it is not necessary to independently establish a diagnosis and even more to start treatment. Any, even the smallest bumps on the language requires histological examination. To conduct this type of diagnosis, education should be removed. But first, you need to find out the main reasons can receive education, affecting the root and the tip of the body.
Causes of bumps on tongue:
- The sialadenitis;
- Trauma or burn language;
- Cystic education;
- Struma language;
- Malignant tumor;
- Previously migrated glossitis.
The bumps are of different size and consistency. This can be a single entity with serous content or seal that does not have clear boundaries.
The color of the bumps can be from white to purplish-red. The lump can be movable, and may resemble a growth. Inside may be blood, and perhaps pus or lymph. In any case it is impossible to violate the integrity of the tumor.
Cyst, hematoma or due to the illness
If education in the language side hurts and there was this disease after a meal, as a result of prokusyvanie or burn, then professional intervention is required. A few days education will resolve and he will not be over. If the tumor is not more than 10 days, it is possible that as a result of the trauma she developed a hematoma. Chronic hematomas can degenerate into cysts. Here without surgery can not do.
Cysts in appearance resemble a pimple. They can progress and grow. Usually the patient did not complain of pain in the oral cavity. The removal of cysts produced surgical excision of benign masses. The cyst is white or gray.
Cystic inflammation is of several types:
- A dermoid cyst. Innate education, appearing anywhere, mouth, in this case, is no exception. The contents of dermoid cyst – hairs, dust and anything that gets in the body and the surrounding air.
- Embryonic. Neoplasm, localized to the tip of the organ of the digestive system. Appears in children.
- Radicular cyst. Appears due to peridotite;
- The dome-shaped cyst that often appears in the hyoid region. Different from other paste-like contents. In comparison with other cyst is very slow growing, can «live» in the mouth years without causing pain.
Often, bumps on the tongue, and underneath appear after glossitis. A complication of the disease is the result of infection with mucosa and regeneration of proliferation of connective tissue. Inflammatory disease requires a comprehensive and immediate treatment for the disease did not entail consequences in the form of entities. Usually, this white bump on the tongue, covered with a coating that has a border of pink.
Struma or sialadenitis
The sialadenitis is an inflammatory disease of the salivary glands. Very often, the pathology affects children. The ducts of the glands inflammation of the increase in size and a tumor of great size. Not to notice the pathology is very difficult, the neck of the patient becomes edematous, hyperemic oral mucosa. The bumps can appear on the tongue, white. Education appear in the region of the salivary glands under the tongue. Later, the neoplasm begins to stand out purulent exudate. This lump hurts and causes discomfort to its owner. Education is especially noticeable when talking and chewing solid food. With the development of purulent process joined by symptoms of intoxication: fever, weakness, chills, joint and muscle pain. The temperature can reach up to 39 * C.
Struma of the tongue develops during embryonic development. Thyroid tissue gets on the tongue, in the formation of the organ of the digestive system. Education is the host on the tongue. A very rare and dangerous disease that requires medical consultation and examination from genetics.
Tumors of benign nature
|Lipomas.||Tumors formed of adipose tissue. Often located on the scalp and on the body, but there are mucous membranes, in particular on the lateral surface of the tongue, or the tip. Bump side view in language reminiscent of the ball, often movable, and painless.|
|Fibroma.||Education with the leg. Growing of connective tissue. Is of a benign nature. Color different from the color of the mucosa on which it is located.|
|Botryotinia.||Large tumor that reaches 5 cm in diameter. Has a smooth surface, is divided into segments. Occurs as a result of trauma and thermal damage.|
|Adenoma.||Is formed from the mucous membranes of the gastrointestinal tract. Can be located on the root of the tongue and at the tip.|
|Papilloma.||Education viral nature. Can single and multiple. Grow out of the mucous epithelial tissue. Do not reach large size, may acquire a malignant course.|
|Fibroids.||Little bumps on tongue is the language at the top. Affected papillae mucosa of the small size.|
|A hemangioma.||The tumor, growing from the blood vessels. Can be from bright pink to blue-purple color. Usually appears at birth. When injury education appears bleeding. Has a benign nature, but can degenerate into malignant.|
|Neurofibroma.||It appears the lump of tissue located in the nervous language branch. Characterized by pain and uncomfortable sensations. Most often localized in the back of the tongue.|
|Lymphangioma.||Education, which appears on the tongue and its lateral surface. Was congenital, consists of cells of lymphatic tissue. When injury becomes inflamed and grows. Sometimes grows across the surface of the tongue.|
A malignant tumor
Malignant tumors, sarcomas are characterized by very rapid growth. Imagine a scattering of bumpy knobs. You do not have a homogeneous structure and consistency. May be subject to erosions and ulcerations. Metastasize deeper lying tissue, internal organs and lymphatic system.
Cancer of the tongue cancer, is a growths of dead skin flakes of the dermis. Located on the side or in the middle of the tongue. The development of malignant tumors can contribute to a variety of factors. Often, conventional fibroids turn into cancer, in the absence of proper treatment. Oncology language susceptible men older than 40 years. Early in the disease the tongue is a lump that does not cause pain. The tumor begins to grow rapidly, join:
- Pain syndrome;
- The rotten smell from the mouth;
- Increased salivation;
- Change in taste;
- The inability to accept food;
- Discomfort while talking.
Metastases grow in the lymph nodes, which increase in size and cause pain. It is important to remember that any neoplasm under the action of adverse factors may from benign to degenerate into a malignant tumor. Therefore, any, even the smallest bumps should be examined, in order not to become hostage to the deadly disease.
In no case do not treat the bumps themselves. It is impossible to heat, pressure and, especially, to try to remove it yourself. In some cases, a little education can cause big trouble.
To what expert to address, and how to treat
If the language of the bump it hurts, what to do and whom to contact? The first step is to visit a therapist. After a series of diagnostic tests, the specialist sends the patient for a visit to the dentist, infectious diseases, immunologist, surgeon or oncologist. It is advisable not to waste precious time to go to the Oncology clinic. After refuting the terrible diagnosis, you can safely go to the surgeon.
After inspection, it is recommended to get rid of the tumor surgically. The operation is not difficult and takes about 20 minutes. Excision is performed under local anesthesia. Hospitalization for the period of surgical intervention does not exceed 2 days.
After the lump is removed, it is sent for histological examination. The result of histology, you can learn in 10 days. The doctor will give voice to the reasons why the tumor appeared.