Bump under tongue: causes and treatment
Neoplasms in the oral cavity, in the form that appears, under the tongue bumps, can be as a result of mechanical injury, malignant or benign tumor. In this article we will explain what education can be in the form of bumps and localized under the tongue.
What can cause bumps under the tongue
Education can occur due to ulcers in the mouth, a lump swelling accompanying. This is a painful inflammation which may be due to hormonal changes or injury, for example, when brushing your teeth or when hit while chewing hard or sharp foods such as nut shells or fish bone. Mechanical trauma, with the formation of a hematoma, can be obtained from sharp edges of teeth or fillings, improperly installed dentures or crowns.
The treatment is carried out with the help of special gels and lozenges. As a rule, the disease is ten days. But if not, it is necessary to conduct additional studies to exclude a malignant tumor.
Seal under the tongue can occur as a symptom:
- of glossitis (inflammation of the tissues of the tongue);
- stomatitis (inflammation of oral mucosa);
- of candidiasis (occurs in the mouth yeast that is caused by, for example, antibiotics).
Benign tumors in the form of cones
Most often under the tongue are formed sialadenitis, cysts, lipomas. Much less under the tongue may appear papillomas, hemangiomas, lymphangioma.
Occurs when inflammation of the salivary glands. The reason of inflammation are viruses and pathogenic bacteria, which can penetrate both outside and inside. The main symptoms of sialadenitis:
- pain in the salivary glands;
- enlargement of prostate;
- tension and pressure in region of duct;
- reduction in salivary flow.
Disease inconvenience and pain of pricking in nature when eating. Then if you don’t get treatment, possible deterioration in General condition, body temperature rises and the appearance of an abscess or cellulitis, when the saliva pus appears. In the absence of qualified treatment the disease can move from acute to chronic.
Calculous sialadenitis called clonakenny disease. It is characterized by formation of stones in the salivary gland. Is a cone of white. Often the disease appears in podchelyustnoy or sublingual salivary gland than in the parotid. The stone clogs duct, not allowing the secret to get out. If large stones patient himself can feel.
The disease develops when the violation of the mineral calcium-phosphorus metabolism and deficiency or excess of retinol (vitamin A). It occurs when the innate expansion and change in the structure of the ducts of the glands with violation of secretory activity.
Cysts, salivary gland
It is rare and is a tumor in the maxillofacial region, the cavity of which is filled with a liquid secret. Most often the swelling appears in the minor salivary glands (56%), at least on the hyoid, about 35% of cases, about 4% of the tumor appears on Nizhnetagilskij ducts. The hyoid bone is also called the frog tumor.
- Dermoid cyst is a bump and a whitish or gray color. A tumor like a zit. She initially does not bother the patient, as it does not cause pain. But the growth cause discomfort when swallowing and pronunciation. Dermoid cyst is a congenital tumor. To remove the cyst can only be surgically.
- The mucosa cyst is the lump is not more than half an inch blued and painless. If it is under the tongue, there is a chance that will happen spontaneous rupture, and it will disappear.
- Ranula is a type of mucous cysts. It differs only in size (can grow up to five centimeters) and may appear again, i.e. relapse. That is why in order to get rid of the tumors you can’t just pierce it and remove the contents. An operation is needed.
Ranula is a white bump with clear fluid inside. It arises when the secret cannot pass through duct glands due to an inflammatory process or injury.
Accumulating, saliva puts pressure and stretches the soft tissue. Brave patients pierce it yourself to reduce the pain arising from the pressure. But it is fraught with infection and exacerbation of disease.
Grows from adipose tissue, which is under the mucosa. This benign tumor formed in the oral cavity is very rare. The lump is dense capsule and separated by jumpers. Inside it is soft or hard to the touch. Lipoma is removed only in those cases when it reaches impressive dimensions and begins to cause inconvenience in the use of food during a conversation or a cosmetic defect.
It grows from the epithelium of the mucosa. Has the appearance of a rounded or oval formations pale pink color. Can be formed as one, and a few bumps. Can become cancer. Cases of self-absorption.
Grows of the blood vessels. There is a formation due to the pathology of embryogenesis. Tissue changes can be seen already in the neonatal period. If the injury is bleeding.
- Capillary hemangioma looks like a spot in the form of mesh with a pink tinge. May vary in size and shape, but not raised above the surface of the tongue.
- Cavernous hemangioma bulging with blue or purple tint. If you apply pressure it will decrease in size but then again take the same form.
Has a warty structure with bubbles. If when eating, damaged teeth, it is possible to frequent inflammation. Occurs in children in the first years of life.
Bump as a manifestation of cancer
Appeared the lump may be malignant. It is believed that it occurs because of bad habits or work in hazardous industries. Approximately 10% of cases the cancer is localized on the bottom of the tongue.
Cancer has several stages of development:
At the advanced stage there is bleeding of the tongue and severe pain with impaired mobility. At the last stage, the cancer hijacks other parts of the oral cavity and internal organs.
At the initial stage to detect malignancy is difficult due to the lack of pronounced symptoms. The patient feels some discomfort during eating, increased salivation and lymph nodes. Pain is perceived as a sign of stomatitis or inflammation of the throat.
Symptoms of the disease
At first the patient did not bother, because education does not cause discomfort and are not painful. But the growth of the lump bothers to speak, swallow and chew food. The pain may occur only when eating or during salivation, or be of a permanent nature. Any tumor in the oral cavity should alert the person and especially if it increases in size or changes color.
Diagnosis of the disease
More likely to detect a lump in its early stages due to the absence of patient’s complaints. The doctor is faced with a sufficiently large degree so can determine the type of tumor during the inspection and palpation. To confirm the diagnosis assigned to histological examination. It may be performed by biopsy, when osipyants part for laboratory tests, or after removal of tumors to find out it is malignant or not.
To avoid the recurrence of the tumor often treatment is by surgical excision. Cyst must be removed completely and carry out a full disinfection of the tissues with antibiotics.
Lipoma is not a threat to human health, therefore, does not require surgery, but it is necessary to control its growth.
Treatment of malignant tumors is carried out in three ways: radiation therapy, chemotherapy, surgery. Sometimes surgery is impossible, and sometimes quite radiation therapy, to defeat cancer.
If you encounter any pathology it is necessary to consult a dentist or surgeon for diagnosis and treatment. Required from the patient compliance with oral hygiene and strict adherence to the physician’s prescription. With timely treatment the bumps can be eliminated without any consequences for the organism.