Caries between the teeth: causes, treatment
Caries between the teeth is one of the most common diseases nowadays. To identify it at early stages is very problematic. The most common causes of this disease are poor hygiene of the oral cavity, excessive carbohydrates in the diet and weakened for one reason or another the immune system. Treatment interdental caries — is a challenging task, but you can deal with it.
Diagnosis of caries between teeth
The main feature of the disease is that it very quickly moves to the affected tooth healthy. This is because the vast majority of cases, even with regular brushing in the gaps between them remain food particles. Over time they decompose, creating ideal conditions for bacteria.
The described disease is of two types:
- tooth decay between front teeth;
- the caries of deciduous teeth, also called chewing.
Diagnosis begins with examination of the oral cavity. To do this, a dentist uses special tools such as a probe and mirror. By visual inspection fails to detect the darkening of enamel from the sides of the teeth. Do it yourself is almost impossible. In particularly difficult cases is x-ray. If the conduct of the study man is used a polymerization apparatus. It is a device that allows you to Shine through the bone by means of a light source of high power. The undoubted advantage of this device is that it allows us to detect cavities between teeth in the early stages of its development, or if it is hidden.
Is it possible to detect decay between teeth
Despite the fact that without the help of a specialist to identify the disease before us is not easy, some its symptoms can still be quite bright. The main ones are:
- Changing the shade of teeth enamel from the sides and sounding the dark areas, which are the cavities.
- Pain from thermal (very cold and hot food) and chemical stimuli (very sour, and sweet food). The pain disappears after a few seconds after that caused it disappears. That is why even in the absence of visual changes, you should seek the advice of a specialist.
- Unpleasant odor and taste, and feel of a specific place. The fact that mizunuma lead to tooth decay leftover food between teeth, which after some time begin to rot, being the perfect environment for the emergence of all kinds of microorganisms. Foods from life and are the cause of unpleasant odor and Kusa from the slit between the teeth.
The process of development of tooth decay interdental
Interproximal caries progresses in the following stages:
|Stage spots.||At this time, the enamel begins to lose its natural luster, becomes more dark and to crumble. The reason for these changes is demineralization. Also on the sides of the front incisors appear smaller sized spots. Their color can be very different: from white to dark brown. If at this stage to improve the oral hygiene and to see a specialist, the disease will retreat. Otherwise, the spots will turn into decay, while that of the surface.|
|Surface caries.||Its most characteristic symptom is the appearance of pain when eating too cold, hot or sugary foods. At this stage the dentist will be able to easily detect cavities. If not treated surface caries, it is possible to encounter a more serious problem — lesion dentin.|
|Deep decay.||At this point, the dentine is softened almost completely and penetrates into the resulting cavities. At this stage, a person experiences severe pain when in contact with aggressive food and chemical stimuli. Often pain occurs in the process of sensing the oral cavity. In some cases, as a consequence of deep caries symptoms of pulpitis. In the absence of adequate assistance or delay its receipt in our case a high probability of pulpitis and periodontitis, which can cause partial or complete loss of teeth. The adverse development is the rotting of the gums and abscess formation that is possible by surgical intervention.|
Features of treatment of caries between teeth
As noted above, the treatment of tooth decay between the teeth is very problematic, although possible. The solution to this problem requires a dentist professionalism and rich experience. Only when referring to a specialist you can count on getting the desired result.
The main challenge in the treatment of interdental caries is the most complete purification of the lateral surfaces of teeth from decay. Next is filling of carious cavity. It can be divided into several stages. Let’s talk about each of these in detail.
Establishing occlusal points
First, what makes an expert — this defines the so-called occlusion points. They represent places that are closed dentition. Establishing occlusal points required in order for future seals is repeated all the contours of the tooth. If this is not done, then the person after sealing of carious cavity will feel discomfort in the mouth and the presence of «something extra». Often there are problems when biting food.
The next stage is the anesthesia of the affected area. Anesthesia may be applicative, infiltrative, and type of anesthesia. The choice depends on the complexity of the case. This files most often uses the first of these options. It involves putting the drug directly into the damaged place (without the introduction into the fabric).
After the tooth is numb, the dentist proceeds to cleaning of plaque and Tartar. Failure to do this work, caries can progress to healthy teeth and gums. When the cleansing is done on the affected tooth and the two adjacent superimposed a special system, whose function is to protect the tongue, cheeks and lips from accidental injury during the sealing and preventing infection cross type.
Perhaps, the main stage filling of carious cavity, requiring a dentist all his skill. Dissection is carried out with the help of a familiar drill. The specialist removed the damaged enamel and making the way to the center of disease. If maisonny caries is deep enough, the dentist may slow down the pace of a drill or discarded, doing this work manually.
Removal of bacteria
After tooth decay is removed, the dentist proceeds to the processing phase with a solution of chlorhexidine. This substance removes all pathogenic microorganisms. Also at this stage to the place where once stood a carious cavity, a dental adhesive is applied. It is a mixture that helps the seal to securely connect with the tooth.
In conclusion, once the affected section will be filled with seal composite type. She, as well as occlusion points are thoroughly polished. At this stage, the dentist should try to give the tooth its original form. This is necessary in order to further the slit does not get pieces of food, causing a relapse of the disease.
If the person asked for help very late and he had already developed pulpitis, at this time also removed a nerve. In case of timely visit to a specialist can save the tooth to the maximum.
Prevention of interdental caries
To prevent occurrence of such diseases as dental caries, first and foremost, you should observe the rules of oral hygiene. Is brushing your teeth with toothpaste twice a day and mouthwash after every meal. Don’t forget about the dental floss to effectively clean the gap between the teeth from all the excess.
In the predisposition to the disease before us, which can identify specialist, you should prefer pasta with a high content of fluorine. Also, do not abuse the food that contains a lot of sugar and other fast carbs.
In addition, it is necessary at least every six months to visit the dentist for a checkup. If there is plaque or Tartar, then they will be eliminated and the disease starts to develop further. To treat caries and, indeed, any other disease harder to prevent it. Especially if this disease struck not one, but two teeth.