Chronic gingivitis: symptoms and treatment

Cause complications and acute forms of gingivitis is chronic gingivitis, which belongs to the group of periodontal disease. The disease is one of the forms of gingivitis, which develops in the oral cavity, affecting first the gums. The reason for this disease is a violation of hygienic background of the oral cavity or the consequence of disease of any internal organs. Types of gingivitis have their signs, symptoms, pain, causes, development and treatments. The difficulty of visual detection of the disease is complicated by the fact that the disease can develop, without affecting the gums and the teeth, therefore, have chronic gingivitis have symptoms that are not will reveal themselves. As a rule, is a sad sentence of disease disclosed by routine physical examination by the dentist.

Clear symptoms of the disease

Given that the pain in chronic course of the disease is not worried, then you should pay attention to other natural manifestations. For example, in chronic gingivitis can occasionally occur bleeding when brushing your teeth. This immediately should alert, because with a healthy condition of the oral cavity bleeding should not be. In addition, you may experience bad breath. The visual observation can be viewed a little redness of the gums or inflammation. Developing, the gums will become bright color, there will be obvious swelling and swelling. Bleeding will be the frequent manifestation when brushing your teeth and eating. The degree of chronic gum disease can be regarded as light and heavy. The first defeat happens only to some areas, and severe gingivitis conquers the entire part of the surface of the gums.

Types of chronic gum disease

In addition to the General characteristics of gingivitis chronic forms has subtypes. The factors that have caused gingivitis are divided into infectious, allergic, thermal, chemical, traumatic, hormonal. The character of the course of chronic gingivitis also has types, which are referred to the following medical terms.

Main types of gingivitis

The most common are the following reasons for the formation of gingivitis. Traumatic which has caused dental procedures performed by a healthcare professional. This improper installation of crowns, fillings or braces on the teeth. When exposed to the oral cavity of harmful substances such as mercury, lead, etc. is a chemical defeat. Burns of mucous will cause formation of thermal gingivitis. Accordingly, the drug is the cause of excessive use of medication and particularly antibiotics. From the effects of viruses, destruction of bacteria and fungi of the oral cavity occurring infectious gingivitis.

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Chronic disease occurs in mild form, but has long term treatment. Symptoms are manifested in the form of redness of the gingival mucosa. You may receive a tinge of lividity on the gums. When eating and brushing your teeth occur bleeding. Chronic catarrhal gingivitis is accompanied by unpleasant mouth odor, presence of plaque and Tartar above the surface of the gums. During the inspection, you can see that the gums are swollen, red. In some cases there may be signs of periodontitis, but by all indications hypertrophic gingivitis such manifestations are false. The disease is accompanied by bleeding gums when using the toothbrush during a meal.


This form of chronic gingivitis is expressed by a sharp, strong pain of the gums. Atrophic gingivitis becomes a consequence and complicated form left unattended and treatment of chronic diseases. With the development of the reverse process, i.e. the depletion of the gums, exposure of the teeth. Take place degenerative changes in the gums, which leads to the reduction of flesh. The course of the disease is accompanied by severe sensitivity. The temperature difference, all kinds of taste effects become strong stimuli and causes severe pain.


Form of chronic gingivitis, which can lead to disease. The fact that plasmocytomas gingivitis becomes a consequence of the formation of microabcesses the mucous membrane of the gums. As a result, inflammation starts to develop, affecting the mouth. Thus, the symptoms will be viewed not only on the surface of the gums that require immediate treatment. Most often, the use of funds for brushing your teeth and drinking hot or cold foods leads to a transition plazmocitomom gingivitis to stomatitis.


Different manifestation in the oral cavity erythematous patches, vesicles, which contain clear or blood fluid. The process of exfoliation of the epithelium, and cause bleeding, pain, because the flesh tissue is exposed, and the sensitivity is enhanced. This type of gingivitis involves the rejection surface epithelium of the gums. The appearance of desquamative gingivitis is recurrent, and therefore by reducing and reducing the symptoms of the disease do not neglect the treatment. It is necessary to achieve complete elimination of the disease, to eliminate the risk of occurrence of gingivitis remissions form. The cause of the disease can be hormonal disturbances, disruptions in the immune system.


Form of chronic gingivitis, which is formed in contact with the gums with foreign objects. This is not food debris, and particles from hard formations. Can be particles of gold, silver or another material used in dental prosthetics. Particles toothpaste or powder can also cause disease. Visually with granulomatous gingivitis are visible red and white spots on the surface of the gums between the teeth.

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The appearance of gingivitis

To cover the entire list of reasons that are capable of being the Creator of gingivitis is impossible. For all their generic and species diversity of chronic gingivitis different flows, has various forms of manifestation, and hence the causes of the disease have a wide range of effects. But you can select the main groups of forces, which are usually the causes of diseases of the oral cavity.

The causes of the disease

The most basic and best culprit causing gingivitis, is the hygiene, or rather its absence. First will be to form a small plaque on the teeth, tongue, palate, the cheeks, and then gently begin to develop gingivitis. Following the cause of the disease is the job of the orthodontist. Is a doctor who deals with restoration of teeth and is responsible for a beautiful smile. The responsibility of the specialist is not part of prosthetics, treatment, fillings and extractions, removal of oral problems. The scope of activities directed to work with the bite, eliminating periodontal destruction, tooth loss and restoration of crooked smiles. In violation of equipment and methods of work as an orthodontist can be a complication, manifested in the form of chronic gingivitis. In addition, the lack of proper care for the oral cavity, worsen and accelerate, together with mistakes orthodontist the development of the disease.

Factors that do not depend on the will of man

In addition to hygiene and proper preservation of the microflora in the mouth there are causes that are directly or indirectly cannot depend on human action.

  1. Regular disturbance of the vital regime, poor diet, lack of rest, sleep can cause the formation of diseases of the oral cavity.
  2. Starvation, untimely meals, lack of proper set of vitamins that enter the body, will also form a negative, but a suitable medium for oral lesions of gingivitis.
  3. Risk factors of the disease may be depressing, stressful condition of the person, disorders of the immune system.
  4. Chronic gingivitis often arises from other diseases, such as SARS, influenza, sore throat, especially if the disease have a chronic stage of disease.
  5. Diabetes direct source that can cause the formation of gingivitis.
  6. Basic disregard for the regularity of dental visits, especially if there is suspected inflammation or other types of incorrect rejection in the mouth.
  7. Even pregnancy may cause the development of chronic gingivitis.
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Habit, as cause of disease

It is known that many diseases which find their place in the mouth occur due to this harmful habit, like Smoking. Tobacco use carries in his mouth a lot of negative elements, substances, resins, etc., which are deposited in the oral cavity. Also in medical practice the occurrence of the disease in hormonal changes in women when using oral contraceptives.

Gingivitis treatment


Chronic gingivitis needs treatment, which is complex.

  • First is the exposure to stimuli that injure the gums and the mouth. You need to remove from the teeth plaque and deposits, repair cavities, remove the bad teeth.
  • If the cause of the disease has been improperly installed seals, prostheses, orthopedic attachments, they must be deleted immediately. Thus, any mechanical manipulations that before the disease occurred should be deleted, and the consequences to be addressed.
  • Next, you should resort to antiseptic treatment of the oral cavity to allow the hygienic condition to normal. You can use hydrogen peroxide or use mouthwash herbal decoctions of oak bark, eucalyptus or chamomile. Rinsing should be conducted after each meal.
  • Often the elimination of negative factors affecting oral hygiene and antiseptic treatment may cause reducing inflammation in gingivitis and eliminate sensitivity, which gives rise to irritation.
  • If the form of chronic gingivitis complex, requiring serious medical intervention, the treatment occurs while performing procedures and antibiotics.

Healthy mouth – in place of teeth

The human body is the most natural system. Violation of any of the body parts of the body leads to malfunction of another organ. Diseases of the oral cavity can lead to diseases of the digestive system, which is difficult to treat. Therefore, it is recommended to timely prevent chronic gingivitis, not to delay treatment to the doctor and to take preventive measures, which will prevent the formation of diseases and strengthen the body after treatment.