Contagious stomatitis: stomatitis transferred through kissing
In determining the answer to the question: contagious stomatitis it is necessary to consider its cause. The disease can have an infectious nature to be a consequence of mechanical damage of the mucosa of the oral cavity, allergic reactions or intoxication. The most dangerous stomatitis for young children. In the absence of timely treatment, it may spread to adjacent to oral cavity organs.
Types of stomatitis
Just to say, infectious stomatitis in a particular case only after determining its type. In the development of the disease plays a major role as the human immune system, its age, the availability of contact with sick people. Infectious stomatitis is contagious to others, as suffering is a source of pathogens, which may be viruses, bacteria or fungi.
Most often it is caused by herpes simplex virus, rarely the causative agents of varicella, adenovirus or enterovirus infections, influenza. The disease is accompanied by fever and the appearance on the surface of the tongue and in the gums of watery bubbles. After some time, the bubbles burst with the formation of painful ulcers. The ill child becomes lethargic, experiencing headaches, burning in the mouth, hindering the processes of chewing and swallowing.
The most susceptible to this form of stomatitis children up to 3 years. Transmission of infection from a sick person healthy occurs through airborne droplets – talking, sneezing, coughing, being in the same room. Infection of children can also occur by contact – if you use pacifiers, utensils, Cutlery, toys, which were disease-causing viruses. Not excluded the transfer of the pathogen from blood or lymph when using non-sterile instruments when performing a manicure or getting a tattoo.
Factors contributing to the emergence of viral stomatitis:
- insufficient care of the state of the oral cavity leading to tooth decay and inflammation of the tissues of the teeth and gums;
- improper diet, in which there is a lack in the body of nutrients, vitamins, minerals;
- failure to comply with rules of hygiene;
- contact with Pets.
The bacterial form
Usually found in babies in the first years of life. In the development of this form of the disease in children, considerable importance is the weakness and the immune system of mucous membranes (at this age they are still not formed). Bacterial stomatitis can be transmitted in the same way as a viral form of airborne and contact routes. The risk of infection is increased in the presence of concomitant disease – angina.
In this form of stomatitis are marked reddening of the mucosa, swelling of tissues of the oral cavity, hardening of the sky. On the surface of the tongue and gums are visible ulceration, there is an unpleasant smell. Possible intoxication of the organism with the appearance of weakness, increase heart rate, retching.
Many people wonder, is there any bacterial sores through kissing. If damaged, microscopic cracks in the mucosa of the lips and mouth infection easily enters the body and actively propagated. Why kiss a baby or an adult suffering from infectious stomatitis, it is impossible.
Fungal stomatitis in children and the elderly usually causes the causative agent of candidiasis (thrush) belonging to the genus Candida. The disease is manifested by swelling and redness of the mucosa, the appearance of a white plaque. In the advanced form ulcers, the formation of cracks, a child worried about pain in the area affected by the fungus places. The disease develops as a result of low immunity and lack of content of immunoglobulins in the composition of saliva.
To become infected with the sores of this kind can be in direct contact with the patient, for example, during the handshake. In addition, it can be transmitted sexually, so the sick person must abstain from sexual contact until complete recovery. The answer to the question: is it possible to kiss a sick toddler or a close relative suffering from fungal disease, will also be negative.
There are cases of transmission of infection from mothers during breast-feeding. Family members can be infected with fungal stomatitis with the use of General hygiene items, Cutlery and tableware (plates, cups, spoons, etc.). The disease often occurs in people who use dentures, and often striking the body with a long reception of antibiotics or the lack of persistent immunity.
Aphthous (traumatic) form of stomatitis
Symptomatically manifests the appearance on the mucous membrane a whitish-yellow erosions. If untreated the disease becomes chronic, exacerbation, which often appear at decrease in immunity. During these periods, marked tenderness of erosion, can increase the body temperature. Contagious or not this kind of stomatitis depends on its underlying causes.
The factors contributing to the development of aphthous stomatitis:
- damage to the mucosa of the oral cavity;
- the burn shell of hot food or drinks;
- the passage of chemotherapy or treatment with ionizing radiation;
- insufficient content of vitamins in food;
- disorders of the gastrointestinal tract;
- the presence of chronic diseases, especially diabetes, tuberculosis, poor circulation;
- prosthetics, braces installation;
- genetic predisposition.
Upon the occurrence of the disease under the influence of these factors stomatitis is not contagious. But in the case of joining a viral infection that is manifested by inflammation of redness of the tonsils and other symptoms of infectious disease could be transmitted to others. Infection can occur the same as is passed to the corresponding form of the disease.
Features of the development and treatment of the disease
In viral stomatitis body temperature rises to 37-40° C, increasing weakness, deteriorating mood and appetite, feels pain and discomfort in the mouth. The kids are restless, difficult to swallow food. Parents should be attentive to the manifestations of the symptoms of distress, check for signs of inflammation and ulcers on the tongue and gingival mucosa. When they appear, you should consult a doctor for examination and early treatment of the disease.
Stomatitis in adults and children treated with anti-inflammatory ointments and aerosols. If necessary, prescribers, improve immunity. The incubation period – the time interval from infection to development of symptoms lasts from 3 to 14 days.
To relieve pain, swelling, normalization of temperature it is recommended to use the following tools:
- rinsing mouth with a decoction of chamomile, calendula, oak bark, sage, rose hips to suppress the activity of pathogenic microorganisms and reduce inflammation;
- use for the treatment of wounds healing sprays, for example, the drug Tantum Verde;
- applied to ulcers rosehip oil or sea buckthorn oil solution of Retinol Acetate (vitamin a),
- to remove the temperature, you can use Paracetamol;
- to drink a sufficient volume of liquid, herbal infusions, fruit juices.
At this stage of the development of infectious disease, he can infect in contact with him, although disease symptoms have not yet manifested. Therefore, you should carefully observe the rules of hygiene, especially when caring for young children.
The duration of viral stomatitis is 7-9 days. At the end of this period, the person is considered not infectious to others.
Prevention of stomatitis
As preventive measures it is desirable to eliminate bad habits – Smoking and alcohol abuse, to maintain oral hygiene, regular hand washing. When the disease of any of the family members stomatitis should avoid its contact with the child for 9 days – while the acute phase of the disease.
Relapses of thrush in the future, so you need to carefully observe the condition at the end of treatment. The presence of the virus in the body is not always accompanied by the development of the disease. This requires additional factors contributing to the activation of the pathogen. To reduce the risk of disease helps proper nutrition and a healthy lifestyle.