Cracked teeth — what to do

Cracked teeth is a common dental problem that may remain unnoticed for a long time. In contrast to caries or Tartar, which a person can detect on their own, cracks in tooth enamel can determine only dentist in the oral examination. A dental defect such as cracks is often the first signal that in the future people may face more severe illness and even loss of the tooth. Such damage can be superficial or deep, be positioned vertically, horizontally or to be oblique. They may not bother humans or stavan cause tooth sensitivity. Regardless of the depth or the localization of a dental defect, you need to contact the doctor, who after examination of the oral cavity can determine the seriousness of the problem and, if necessary, to carry out treatment, give the patient useful tips.

As cracks in the teeth and what to do

Many doctors in the field of dentistry are sure that crack on the tooth, it is not only an aesthetic problem, but also a signal that soon a person will have more serious diseases of dentition. The fact that if you cracked the enamel, starts a pathological mechanism that you need time to stop. Normal, human tooth consists of three layers: enamel, dentin, pulp, where nerve endings and blood vessels. When lesions of the enamel, a crack can spread to the dentin. If chewing loads, the cracks become more wide, through them can easily penetrate bacteria that can cause inflammation of the pulp, increased sensitivity, pain, tooth decay with its further destruction. It is important to understand that the enamel, the fine structure of the tooth, so when it is bound to be affected by damage to deeper tissues.

When you crack a tooth sooner or later will be affected by the pulp, which contains connective tissue, nerves, blood vessels, and therefore, her injury, the person will experience acute and severe pain, which can manifest under the influence of cold or hot food. In addition, for deep cracks, there is a high probability of penetration of bacteria that will provoke suppurative infectious processes, the destruction of the surrounding tissue and inflammation of gums.

In order to prevent possible complications, keep healthy teeth, a beautiful smile, you need to periodically visit the dentist, this will give an opportunity to eliminate many dental problems.

Reasons

Reasons can have cracks on the teeth somewhat, but the doctors most often they are divided into physiological and pathological, including:

  1. Sudden changes in temperature: the use of cold and hot food at the same time.
  2. Excessive consumption of carbonated beverages.
  3. Smoking.
  4. Bad habits, among which to crack nuts with your teeth, chew sunflower seeds, lollipops.
  5. Regular application bleaching agents: toothpaste with fluoride, soda.
  6. Non-compliance with hygiene of the oral cavity.
  7. Disturbance of acid-base balance.
  8. Taking certain medicines.
  9. Mechanical damage to teeth: shocks, falls, bruises.

All of the above reasons can provoke as small and almost imperceptible cracks, so deep, that cause increased sensitivity of the teeth, acute and intolerable toothache.

Types

Cracks on the tooth enamel can be horizontal, vertical or oblique. Medical examination the dentist will determine how deep they are and whether teeth treatment. In case of surface damage, the doctor may not pursue any treatment because many believe that they are safe. Man enough to properly care for the oral cavity, to refuse solid food, periodically visit a doctor for examination of the oral cavity. In cases where there are vertical cracks, there is tooth sensitivity, it is not worth to delay the doctor’s visit. Vertical cracks are considered the most secure because they rarely lead to a split tooth or a deep injury. However, when a person complains of increased sensitivity, the only correct solution is the visit to the dental clinic, thus the sooner the better.

Oblique and horizontal fissures – a serious cause for concern, because they increase the risk of split tooth destruction. This increases the risk of formation of cavities may become inflamed pulp that causes a gumboil (abscess).
Cracks in the enamel of the tooth the first time can remain unnoticed by man, but with proper care and periodic checkups at the dentist, such defects of the teeth will be determined at a time that will increase the chances of exclusion of various diseases of the teeth.

More complex pathological process is crack root of a tooth or when it is localized inside. The lack of timely diagnosis may lead to a split tooth or the penetration of bacteria into deep tissue. If at this stage not to pursue curative measures, the crack spread from the bottom-up that threatens its division or complete removal.

Occasionally a crack in the tooth can appear inside. It is not noticeable by visual inspection, so a person may experience pain or increased sensitivity «healthy» as it seems tooth. To determine the effect of such a tooth will help x-rays, as well as a professional inspection specialist. In this pathological process of destruction comes from the root upwards, affect the pulp, nerve endings, which explains the emergence of acute pain at first glance, healthy tooth.

The feeling in cracked tooth


The appearance of cracks on the teeth for a long time can remain unnoticed, especially when the problem appears on the side or back teeth. Also people may not pay attention to superficial damage to the enamel that are difficult to see with the naked eye. When the cracks become deeper, the person feels sharp pain when taking hot or cold foods, drinks. Painful sensations appear immediately, but quickly pass. Such a symptom should be a cause for concern and reason for going to the dentist. When there is a crack in the root of the tooth, the person feels a sharp pulse of pain, because in such cases there is damage to the pulp and nerve endings.
Pain case of hypersensitivity of the teeth, which appeared on the background of deep cracks – wandering, can spread to adjacent teeth. Sometimes even the doctor is difficult to determine the source of pain, so the patient is prescribed x-rays, the results of which will be able to show the presence of surface or deep cracking, to determine the condition of the pulp, the dentin, view the root.

In addition to tooth sensitivity, deep cracks significantly increases the risk of infection, which penetrates into the deeper tissues of the tooth and destroys it from the inside. Damage to the pulp, a person will feel a sharp and throbbing pain that may radiate to the ear, neck, temple. This pain gives a person a lot of discomfort, sometimes poorly removed painkillers. When there are fractured teeth, it is important to know what to do? Timely visit to the doctor will help eliminate possible problems, thereby to maintain the health of your teeth.

Treatments

When there are cracks in the enamel of the teeth, it is important as quickly as possible consult your doctor. Before going to the dental office, it is necessary to limit the pressure on the affected teeth. Yourself to get rid of the problem impossible, and delaying the visit to a specialist may lead to a split tooth, tooth decay, penetration of bacterial flora and other complications.

In the dental office, the dentist will examine the oral cavity, will give direction on the x-ray study, the results of which will determine the depth of damage, to consider the root of the tooth from the inside. Modern dentistry has great potential in the treatment of diseases that can damage teeth, including those on which there are cracks. Sometimes in case of surface damage, the treatment is not carried out, the doctor gives the patient helpful hints for care, and also advises periodically to visit his office to follow the further course of the disease. If necessary, the dentist may make a referral to the endodontist, which deals with the problems associated with the pulp and the canals. There are several methods for treating dental cracks, the application of which depends on the capabilities of the dental clinic and the depth of damage, concomitant diseases.

  • Remineralizing treatments. Enamel repair special tools, which contains calcium, fluoride, useful minerals. Such funds are available in the form of a gel and can be used only in the initial stages.
  • Veneers. Apply with extensive cracks. Veneers provide a thin plate of ceramic, which are fixed on the tooth surface. Veneers are manufactured with specific materials for each individual patient because of their color should match the color and structure of a «native» teeth. Veneers can be used only after the doctor is sure that there is no destruction inside.
  • The establishment of crowns. When cracks are present on the tubercle, but not affected the pulp, the tooth root is healthy, the crack is too deep, the doctor may put the crown. In cases where the pulp is affected, the doctor may remove nerves, to seal the channel, and the top to put the crown.
  • The removal of the tooth. In those cases when the pathological process has started, the crack is really deep, the root of the tooth impossible to save, and inflammation went on the gums, the only way is removing the damaged tooth.

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In order to avoid complications and tooth extraction, it is important to consult a doctor who can assess the condition of the oral cavity, to carry out the necessary remedial measures. It is very important not to run disease. Sometimes people are not aware of the presence of cracks, therefore, it is important to undergo routine medical examination.

Prevention


Many dental problems are much easier to prevent than to treat. By following simple preventive rules not only eliminate the cracks, but other dental defects and disease.

  • Regular tooth care with all the rules.
  • Use a toothbrush of medium hardness.
  • To use toothpaste, which contains fluoride and calcium.
  • Proper and balanced diet.
  • Limit carbonated drinks, strong tea, coffee.
  • To exclude simultaneous reception of hot and cold food.
  • To abandon the habit of biting hard objects: nuts, pen, pencil.
  • To limit the number of sweets.
  • Quitting Smoking and abuse of alcohol.
  • Periodically – 1 time in 6 months to visit the dentist for a checkup.

Observing the elementary rules not only eliminate the appearance of cracks in the tooth rows, but other dental diseases that are not only able to hurt the person, but can lead to full loss. It is important to understand that cracks in the teeth, it is not only aesthetic defect but also the pathology of load-bearing a danger to human health.

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