Dental implants pros and cons, disadvantages
Always in demand dental implants, the pros and cons of the procedure are not known to many. An ideal prosthesis combines the aesthetic and functional characteristics. If you compare the implant with the prosthesis, it is worth noting that the first is more durable and aesthetic. Benefits of dental implants is that they are securely fastened in the bone structures. The gums are well adapted to the load that is created when chewing food. Dental implants are durable, they also look natural.
The advantages of implants compared to dentures
The last cause discomfort when wearing. What would the quality of the design, it is impossible to compare with implants, and even more with natural teeth. The man with the prosthesis is difficult to chew food. This attribute plays compared to implant. Less obvious but important advantage of the prosthesis affordability. It is important to say that pros and cons of dental implants depend on the type of procedure.
If we consider fixed bridges, they also have certain disadvantages. The design looks very aesthetically pleasing: like the artificiality evident. The advantage of fixed prostheses is the versatility. They are placed in single rooted teeth and ducorpsii. The disadvantages of dentures are numerous. It so happens that when you install the design, the bite begins to change. If the prosthesis is loosened, it get the bacteria. Teeth under the crowns may rot, which leads to odor. The result of these problems may be failure of the bridge.
The advantage of implantation is that during the installation of the implants do not need to grind the surface of the teeth.
With regard to the installation of bridges, the teeth need to grind, reference — to remove the pulp. Dissection can lead to inflammation of the pulp. Then you need to remove the bridge, the affected tooth to remove. If the tooth is destroyed gradually, he removed pieces. Prior to installing the prosthesis the teeth are processed under the crown. Removable denture plastic does not require grinding of the teeth, but it hurts to wear it.
Dental implants: advantages and disadvantages
If to take care of your implant, it will last longer than the prosthesis. Crowns and dentures should be changed: they serve a maximum of 10 years. Plastic dentures perebeinos every year. If all the time to wear a removable denture, the bone tissue atrophies, the jaw will deform. To change the prosthesis should: if this is not done, the construction will lag behind the gums. In between will begin to accumulate food. Your breath to go bad smell, the mucous membrane will become inflamed. Chronic trauma to the mouth can trigger a tumor. The average lifespan of a bridge is 7 years.
If the denture does not press on the bone, it begins to dissolve. The advantages of dental implants is not a benefit of the doubt. The fact that the design of the rod and the crown provides uniform loading on bone structure. Constant wearing of dentures can cause bone atrophy. In case of long absence of one tooth, adjacent to the shifting. If people decide to replace a missing tooth an implant will need to build bone tissue. Atrophy of the bone tissue is dangerous: it is, first and foremost, leads to the modification of the bite. The pathological process affects the face: corners of mouth are lowered, nasolabial folds begin to clearly emerge.
Aesthetic benefits of implants
Patients ask: how long the selected prosthesis. The aesthetic aspect of them, too care about, because no one wants to wear a prosthesis, a device which catches the eye. Even if the crowns are close to the natural teeth they will stand out from the crowd. Implants merge with the main mass of the teeth, but make them look as natural as possible, you need to work on the aesthetics of the gums.
The design is set in such a way that the shape and color of the gums is preserved. To achieve natural gums only if it is not inflamed and have the necessary bone volume. It is important to preserve the appearance of the soft tissues: for this it is necessary to resort to bone grafting. If the patient is a long time denture (fixed or removable), the appearance of the gums is disrupted. In the future, it is deformed to restore the resort to individual procedures, in which transplanted soft tissues.
The shortcomings of the procedure
A lot of them. Minus the implants compared to dentures is the high cost. It is important to say that this manipulation has no contraindications. It shall not apply in case of severe diseases associated with the circulatory system. Implantation is not performed for vascular disease, the pathologies associated with the liver. Contraindication is also Oncology. During manipulation pain. If the organism reacts strongly to its components, it is necessary to abandon the procedure. In the treatment bisphosphonate implantation is contraindicated. The patient may be diagnosed with metal Allergy. In this case, the implant is sent for examination: revealed an amount of metal.
The types of implantatsii teeth
Popular intraosseous operation. Its advantage is quick installation of an artificial tooth. In this case it is implanted in the bone structure and survives well in the future. To spend endoecology manipulation, it is necessary to create suitable conditions: alveolary process must be at a certain height. There are times when you want to osteoplasty (bone grafting). During indiasales procedures are not used laminar implants. If the bone is atrophied or resorption is observed, it is necessary to use a material combined type. The advantage of the procedure is that it can be done Odnotan (implant and abutment are installed in 1 day). A two-step conduct involves the installation of the implant, and after a few months of the abutment.
There is still 1 type of implant — basal. Procedure applies if you need to put dentures for multiple teeth, the bone volume is small. Basal implantation is used when there is no possibility to conduct an operation capacity of bone tissue. During the procedure, implants are implanted in bicortically the layers of bone structure. Basal implantation is not as popular as, for example, laser. Procedure to avoid surgery for bone reconstruction — this is its advantage.
Laser-assisted dental implantation has gained wide popularity, but some doctors believe that it is similar to indiasales implantation: the advantages of this method no doubt. Manipulation is carried out using an innovative device — the laser. The incisions are carried out beam and not a scalpel. The advantage of laser implantation relative painlessness. In order to do that, you need to use less anesthetic. It is important to note that this procedure is bloodless, and it has an antibacterial effect. Patients attracted by the fact that after the manipulation there remains the joints, the tissue healing is faster. The disadvantage of laser treatment is the high cost: have to pay 30-40%.
Many have heard about the so-called Express-implantation. What does it represent? The word «Express» is used to attract customers. The procedure is standard indiasales operation, during which the doctor makes the implant and crown for the 1st time. This method is not for everyone. To intervene, you need to create almost perfect conditions. If you have at least 1 of the contraindications, the procedure is not carried out. If bone volume is insufficient, it is recommended that other implantation.
Read more about the Express implantation
If the procedure is performed on the jaw with a small number of teeth, you need to consider whether it is necessary to carry out such implantation. Manipulation of this type is shown not to all. If the prosthesis after surgery, the implant will bear the load, the process of engraftment to the bone is disrupted. Is it possible to install a crown on the implant immediately after screwing? The question is ambiguous. It all depends on the level of primary stability (normal 32-35 N/cm). This indicator is measured by a physician.
What to consider when conducting the rapid implantation? The procedure is performed on hard bone (type D1, D2). Manipulation can be shown to the people who need to make implantation of the mandible. If we consider the parts of the upper jaw, it is worth noting that there bone structure is softer. The bone of posterior teeth is of type D4: if you want to make the prosthesis in this region, it is necessary to abandon this method. A rapid procedure suitable for patients with sufficient bone volume. The materials intended for building bone structures, should not be combined with immediate loading on the implant. Alveolar process also needs to conform to the norm. Another important criterion is the thickness of the gums. If the gums are thin cause bone resorption near the implant. The disadvantages of this intervention: the high cost and a certain list of requirements. The choice of the method of intervention depends on the characteristics of the structure of the jaw and the number of teeth that need to be implanted.