Dentures a new generation: modern methods of prosthetics
Like other branches of medicine, dentistry is not in place and is developing very well. This is especially evident by the appearance of dentures new generation. Trying every day to create designs that will provide more comfort to the patient and to meet the necessary requirements. Recently start to use new materials and technology, which previously was not the question. There are clinics where there are new technologies in prosthetics, which provide the opportunity to see what the final result and adjust if necessary.
Methods of prosthetics
First you need to know that modern prosthetics includes fixed and removable designs. What you need to set is determined by a specialist depending on the indications. There are clinical situations when they are used simultaneously. Removable dentures are a new generation of clasp, nylon and plate. The difference between them lies in the basis that consists of different materials, depending on the type of construction. In the case of clasp in the basis metal acts as an arc, so they are called arc. Respectively, in nylon – nylon is used, the plate is plastic. In all types of artificial teeth of plastic. They can act and dress at any moment. This is unlike fixed.
Fixed prosthesis can comprise one or more artificial crowns. This includes dentures and bridges. They can made of different materials – metal, ceramics, plastic, Zirconia, porcelain. Also, the metal can be combined with others. Most often used metal-ceramic design. Because she meets all requirements and is quite affordable compared to the more durable prostheses. Fixed structures are fixed to your own teeth using dental cement. And they serve a long time. So the patient gets used to them faster than removable. To correct them is not necessary.
Before you commit the job on a permanent cement construction fixed on the temporary material, the patient is given the opportunity to evaluate the quality of the work performed(form of teeth, matching color, ease of use).If you need to modify the bridge can easily be removed, and to have any inaccuracies corrected are sent to the dental laboratory.
The types of prosthetics:
- Artificial crown;
- Dental plates.
Modern methods of dental prosthetics allow not only to fill the edentulous space and to improve your smile by changing the shape and color.
Very popular in the aesthetic area are veneers and Lumineers. They allow you to change drastically the appearance of the teeth in the smile zone. The teeth are minimally susceptible to grinding and do not require removal of tooth pulp, i.e. removal of the tooth nerve. After all, while he is there, the tooth is alive, it will take longer to stand than in the absence of the nerve.
Dentures in modern dentistry
Dentures a new generation can be partial or full, depending on the number of remaining teeth or their complete absence. In cases where in the jaw a single tooth, dentures are fixed with special gel. For some patients it may not be necessary. All depends on the condition of the alveolar rowing, i.e. the area where in the past stood in the teeth and relief of the mucosa. Partial fixed with the remaining teeth. They set the clamping elements. Most often used for this clamorous system, which consists of bone, body, shoulder and occlusal overlays. It is made of metal, plastic and nylon. The occlusal pad is made only in metal clamps. In other cases they are a continuation basis.
The denture consists of artificial teeth, the basis of where they are located, and fasteners. Most commonly used plate dentures, which consist of acrylic. For the price they are the cheapest. You can use them with complete and partial absence of teeth. But they are very uncomfortable due to the stiffness of the base. To them patients get used for very long, within a month. Have several times to go to the correction, because the denture rubs in some places. Clasp and arc design is intended to be a partial defect. The teeth stand in a plastic base, which is a metal frame. These bases connected by an arc of metal, which is a thin plate. Due to this, the load is evenly distributed between the teeth and mucosa.
Modern dentures allow you to experience maximum comfort while wearing, a smile and a conversation. Thanks to the development of technology of prosthetics began to use new materials. They are more durable, comfortable and have a number of advantages. The main advantage is the aesthetic side. Structure as much as possible repeat the anatomical shape of the teeth. A wider colour gamut is possible to choose the most natural color most suitable to the patient. Dentures are still removable, and nylon. They appeared not so long ago, but have been in great demand.
Nylon as a basis of removable dentures
Modern technologies of prosthetics allowed the use of a material such as nylon. It is used used in the manufacture of a Boxing mouthguards. Now can also be found in dentistry. In another of these structures are called flexible. Because they are soft. Very easy dress, can be worn all the time. To them, the patient gets used faster than the plate. Nylon does not require correction. The modern prostheses work very comfortable. For the flowers they are transparent with a slight pinkish hue that imitates the gums.
Due to the fact that it is possible to make and kummerow system, nylon prosthetic appliance is virtually invisible. It can be made, as in partial or fully edentulous. With the help of it you can even fill one tooth, if enabled defect. For the patient it is a better option than dentures non-removable way. Because it does not require the grinding of neighboring teeth. Thanks to its flexibility, the basis does not break. It does not absorb water, which suggests that it will not absorb odor and colored. Just need to be cleaned regularly with a soft brush. If there is any fault, it happens because of artificial teeth that are prone to breakage, like any plastic.
The advantages of nylon over other types of prosthetics:
- Quick adaptation;
- Does not affect adjacent teeth;
- It is impossible to damage mechanically;
- Does not absorb dyes and fragrances;
- Evenly distributes the load;
- Not cause an allergic reaction.
To achieve the best result you need dentures using biocompatible technologies. The so-called artificial crowns and bridges are known for a very long time. But now there are modern methods of recovery of the defect of the tooth or dentition. Let’s start with damage to the crown. Now often began to use ceramic inlays instead of the traditional way of sealing. They can pick by color and shape. The doctor takes impressions, fabricates the model and make in the lab tab. They are very durable compared to the seals. And more importantly, under them are formed secondary caries.
New technologies of restoration still include veneers. It’s a thin plate that overlays the front surface of the dental crown. They are most often placed in the presence of defects of non-carious origin, due to the darkening of the tooth due to the removal of the nerve of it, a wrong position in the tooth row. They are glued with a special light-curing adhesive. They can be composite, plastic, ceramic, zirconium. Composite can be placed in one visit.
Good side veneers:
- Stitch all parties;
- Clean cloth on the thickness of the plate 0.5-0.7 mm;
- Translucent, allowing the natural luster and color;
- No need to remove the pulp;
- Take a little time, unlike other methods of prosthetics.
Modern technologies allow the first appointment to show the patient what will be the final result. It is very convenient because you can immediately correct, if something not like the patient or doctor.
Of course another novelty is the implantation. There is a long time, but every year this method usovershenstvuetsya for the better. This allows you to minimize the risks of complications that may occur, as during surgery and after it. Implantology deals with implantation of artificial root in the bone tissue. Later, after the engrafting on it an artificial crown is fixed.
New opportunities during the prosthesis
For dental implant procedure requires the availability of sufficient bone tissue. But unfortunately, due to some clinical situations, is that not enough bone. In such cases, the implant will not hold. It is especially difficult to make dentures for the upper jaw because of the presence of the maxillary sinus. Thanks to her maxillary tissue pneumatic and subject to more rapid atrophy than the bottom. Can it still be so that the bottom of the sinus is too low. It difficult for implantation in the region of upper molars.
In the case when not enough bone is carried out osteoplastic operation which allows to replace the missing bone. Using special biomaterials. Then carried out for implantation of the implant. When there is a fear of damaging the maxillary sinus, conduct manipulation, which is called sinus lift.
As you can see, thanks to these innovations ensure that the patient remained completely satisfied with the result. But do not forget that a lot depends on the doctor, who must skillfully select the required method the full restoration of masticatory efficiency.