Do I need to seal baby teeth: filling in a baby tooth
Do I need to seal children teeth, ask young parents tips on forums and in social networks? The answers of the different interviewees. They are fundamentally different. Half the population is confident that children’s dental units are not important, for them there is no need to watch. Some people are convinced a dentist to resort need, but this is an extreme measure, if already developed complications. And only a few confidently say that teeth kids need to be protected from the moment of their appearance, to clean and to carry out preventive monitoring. To understand the question and give the correct answer, I wrote this article. It is observed that sealing baby teeth holds a special doctor, a dental therapist.
The ubiquitous decay
A pathological condition of the teeth can be visually seen with the naked eye. The initial symptoms is the appearance of chalky white spots. This phase is reversible, does not require the use of a drill. Later, in the absence of adequate therapy, caries develops and affects lower fabric. First, education captures the enamel, then the dentin, affects the pulp. Caries is caused by microorganisms that are constantly present in the oral cavity.
- Violation of oral hygiene;
- Frequent viral diseases;
- Somatic diseases of ENT organs, endocrine disorders;
- The presence in the diet of a large number of sweets.
There are the following stages of caries:
- White spot. With timely treatment to a specialist, the treatment is painless. The dentist will conduct a course of remineralization of enamel, will appoint the treatment of your teeth at home. It is carried out using a special calcium and fluoride toothpaste. Fluoridation and the calcination is carried out courses 1 time in 3 months. The procedure is shown to children at high risk of developing carious lesions. The actions of the physician aimed at strengthening and rebuilding enamel.
In dental clinics, under the chalk stains the affected items are treated with a solution of colloidal silver. This procedure is called silver plating and is known to many, but does not apply to the ideal options. Cons: violation of aesthetics, the need for a course of treatment, continuation of development of carious process. The majority of dentists refuse to consider the method and mineralization of the tissues the most reliable way;
- Initial caries. The pathological process spreads to the enamel. The surface of the affected unit becomes rough, there is a deepening. Cavity small, unevenly cut. Dentin is not affected, the color will not change. Most kids do not feel uncomfortable symptoms. The procedure of mineralization of the tissues does not produce results;
- Average caries. Affected enamel and dentin. The process to develop rapidly. There is a dark cavity in the tooth. Pain occurs in contact with the affected area of sweet, salty, cold or hot food. If not go to the dentist, the defeat of pulp in the near future provided;
- Deep decay. The affected unit is destroyed, it is noted soreness when getting food into the cavity. When inflammation of the pulp, there are constant pain, not affecting the surrounding factors.
Complications of tooth decay: pulpitis, periodontitis, abscess, cyst, granuloma, fistula.
Methods used in dentistry
To eliminate abnormal, visit your doctor every 6 -7 months. Parents can conduct self-examinations. Ask the kid to open his mouth and carefully check every one.
The reason to go to the doctor:
- The appearance of a chalky or dark spots.
- Recesses in the cavity of the enamel.
- Bleeding and redness of the gums.
- Medical education to the root of the unit.
- Pain in the oral cavity.
- Bad breath.
Dentists use the modern techniques of treatment:
- Mineralization of the tissues effective in the stage of the disease, which is accompanied by the appearance of a chalky spot. Not showing positive results in elementary, middle, deep process.
- Cleansing abnormal tissue. To save the tooth from caries lesion at the middle and surface caries using the special softening gel. The formulation is applied at the time. Subsequently, the abnormal areas are retrieved using special tools. For the treatment of deep process will apply the handpiece. The therapy is painless. If necessary, use local anaesthesia or narcosis. An important quality of children’s dentist — the ability to communicate with the child and find him the language.
- The replacement of natural tissues dental materials. Filling can be: light, chemical, stacionarna. The materials are biocompatible and do not cause allergic reactions, are quite reliable and of high quality. Colored fillings on baby teeth Twinkie Old different interesting colors. The kid chooses the color of the filling material, which he will install in the process of therapy. Thus, it reduces the anxiety a little patient, you receive the interest in the health of the oral cavity. The seal is installed for a period of 3 — 5 years. Dropped dairy unit left in memory, as the memory of the first meeting with the doctor.
- Removal. To hysterectomy is resorted to only in severe cases. If caries affected the masticatory unit, its trying to save. Assuming that the destruction of the incisors, and the patient’s age is 6 or 7 years, removal is justified.
Should not wait when the disease will begin to report the presence. Stop the process at the very beginning.
Procedures without pain
Whether painful dental procedures?
Question is raised by the parents. The answer is unequivocal — no. The procedure is unpleasant, requires perseverance and patience, but should not cause pain. A good doctor will not allow his little patient suffered and suffered. A big role in the preparatory therapy provided by the parents.
Beforehand talk to your baby, tell us in simple words about the necessity of treatment. Show the example of toys, how to behave at the dentist. If the child is afraid, be sure to go to the office with him. In public clinics, a joint treatment is not accepted, but is allowed to take a favorite toy.
Types of anesthesia:
- The application of anesthesia is used with gels and aerosols. It is used in the initial form of caries, is a preliminary procedure before performing the injection.
- Infiltration, vnutrimatocny, conduction anesthesia is performed when deep lesions. The baby is injected with a special syringe that contains a false capsule. In carpule is a medicinal substance Articaine or Mepivacaine.
- Anesthesia is used in extreme cases. It has no side properties. Before treatment should consult a cardiologist and neurologist. In addition to bypassing doctors will need a urine and blood baby. Some private clinics have a laboratory and provide advice on the spot.
Indications for use of anesthesia:
- Down Syndrome.
- Allergy to local anesthesia.
- Young age of the patient.
- Long term manipulations, which are aimed at the treatment or removal of several units.
General anesthesia served with the help of special masks and gas. After therapy, the effect of the drug ends, the baby wakes up.
Methods of analgesia chosen by the dentist and the child’s parents. It is not necessary to persuade the doctor to use anesthesia. Many children go to the contact and comply with recommendations. The fears of parents are justified. Therefore, before going to the clinic, calm yourself and provide full confidence in the welfare of the child.
The actions of the parents and kids after treatment
After therapy is over, monitor the health of kids. It is important to carry out rehabilitation of all foci of infection.
Observe the following rules:
- Ensure that the children carried out oral hygiene 2 times a day. Buy toothpaste and brushes well-known manufacturers. Kids the processing conducted by the parents themselves.
- The menu include fruits, vegetables, greens, nuts.
- Eliminate comorbidities.
- Strengthens the immune system.
- Reduce the amount of sweets. After eating rinse your mouth.
- Avoid injuries.
- The installed seals are subject to constant monitoring.
- By appointment pediatrician use vitamin complexes.
First visit to the dentist make a baby in 1 year. At the reception the doctor will show you how to conduct the care of the oral cavity, will explain the need for process, provide recommendations.
If no measures are taken
A lot of people are convinced that milk teeth do not require dental intervention. But they are wrong.
If the pathology does not stop in time, then:
- The child’s speech is impaired. Healthy teeth are necessary so baby say correctly. If removed too early, the baby will Lisp;
- Psychological poor factors. Children are cruel and call their peers. If the baby has speech defects and mouth black units, it is an occasion for the emergence of social problems;
- A constant source of infection in the mouth will lead to decrease immunity, weaken the defenses, lead to complications;
- In the presence of carious lesions, there is pain when eating, chewing more difficult. Children refuse to use healthy products. These include: apples, carrots, nuts, cabbage;
- When lose baby teeth high risk of violation of the rudiments of permanent units;
- Changing bite.
As it became clear that caries is easier to prevent than to treat afterwards. If it emerged, do not delay visit to the doctor.