Fluoridation of hard tissues of teeth
Many are interested in the question what is fluoridation of teeth, at what age it can be done. Very often these young parents are interested in when you hear from the dentist that this procedure is needed for the child. But in fact, for adults it is no less important, so we need to understand how it occurs, if they have contraindications and side effects.
Fluoridation of teeth
Fluoridation of the teeth and forprofile — what is it? Fluoridation is a saturation of the hard tissues of the tooth fluoride. The procedure is performed in dental offices. On the surface of the enamel applied to special compounds containing this trace mineral.
Forprotection is a broader term as it involves not only the procedure, but also receiving special complexes, the use of drugs, etc. Fluoridation is one of its constituent parts, the most effective.
Fluoridation not only increases the intake of this trace element, but also has a positive effect in several directions. Thanks to him, reduced a risk of tooth decay increases the time between dental restorations, decreases tooth sensitivity, increased resistance to the influence of pathogenic and conditionally pathogenic microflora, which multiplies in the mouth.
Why do we need fluoride
Dentists often recommend to do forprotection. It includes not only fluoridation of teeth, which is made exclusively in a dental clinic, but other methods available in the home. For example, is the use of toothpaste or dental elixirs with fluoride. Most of these tools, you can buy in a drugstore without a prescription.
Why would the body need fluoride? To answer this question, we need to understand the factors that affect tooth enamel. It runs daily 2 bi-directional process: demineralization and remineralization. In the first case there is a loss of micronutrients. It is because bacteria that live in dental plaque, interacts with particles of carbohydrates that linger in the mouth. They produce acid that destroys the enamel.
In it again to accumulate trace elements such as calcium, phosphorus and fluoride. This is a completely natural process and happens because the trace elements enter the body with food and water. But not always, the process of demineralization sufficiently could be compensated by remineralization, and this causes tooth decay. At the same time, fluoride helps prevent tooth decay. It increases the resistance of dental hard tissues to acid. In the early stages it can even stop the development of caries.
Very important is fluoride for kids teeth, because kids under the age of 6 years, this trace element is involved in the formation of permanent teeth and prevents demineralization of enamel. Fluoride promotes remineralization of both baby and permanent teeth.
How fluoride enters the body
Theoretically, this trace element should be ingested along with food and water. However, in modern conditions the majority of products contains enough minerals, so you need to seek additional sources of fluoride. You can use fluoridated toothpaste or elixir. In some cases, the doctor may prescribe medications high content of this substance, they are already sold on prescription. When using such means fluorine remains on the surface of the teeth, but in small quantities.
Conducted in the dental clinics fluoridation has its advantages. Are used for the fluorine-free funds, and can be applied to different forms of varnishes that are applied with a special brush, foam or solution is poured into trays, gels, etc.
Can be used dietary supplements containing this trace element. They may have liquid or tablet form.
Varieties procedure of fluorination
Total, there are 3 types of procedures: simple and deep fluoridation of teeth, as well as electrophoresis. In simple fluoridation of tooth enamel coated with a special varnish containing fluoride. In some cases, the doctor may make a special mouthguard (dental spoons), into which is poured a solution containing this trace mineral. Such splints are cemented to the teeth. You can use them at home, which gives certain advantages.
Deep fluoridation can only be performed in the dental office. It is more efficient than the above-described procedure. Most of the unpleasant symptoms subside after the first treatment. Their number is assigned by the doctor based on the patient’s condition.
For this procedure, the teeth are first cleaned with an ultrasonic scaler, and then the enamel is thoroughly dried with special equipment, and then applied the so-called sealing composition containing fluoride. Tooth surface need more time to dry. After that, the tooth surface is treated with a composition based on calcium hydroxide and copper. This allows you to consolidate the effect.
Procedure of electrophoresis involves the application of a weak electric current, which accelerates the transition of ions of the fluorine from developed this solution directly in the bone tissue. The advantages of this method are that the trace remains on the surface, it gradually builds up in the tooth enamel and stays there for a long time. This ensures maximum efficiency compared to other methods. The course of electrophoresis consists of 10 procedures.
When to forprotection
The most important period for the receipt of fluoride is considered to be 6 months of age, when they begin to erupt teeth, and up to 6 years. But equal importance this trace mineral has for teenagers up to 16 years, which is especially important in the remineralization process of the enamel. Fluoride is necessary and adults. Recent studies have shown that fluoridation of teeth plays an important role in the prevention of dental caries in any age.
There are people suffering from chronic diseases for which there is an increased risk of tooth decay. For them, the regular holding of fluorination is essential. Such indications include:
- Diseases which are accompanied with dry mouth — Sjogren’s syndrome (one of its manifestations is the dry eye syndrome, but in some cases, the dryness arises in the mouth) and allergies, the cause of which is not so much the allergies, how much used to treat antihistamines. Similar action have and anti-hypertensive and sedatives. When dry mouth produces less saliva, which could prevent the devastating effects of bacterial waste.
- Different periodontal disease. It could be gum disease, including gingivitis. They are dangerous because of exposure to disease-causing bacteria exposed surface of the tooth but also its root, which greatly increases the risk of tooth decay.
- The wearing of braces and the presence of crowns. All these designs are a risk factor for the development of caries especially in those places where crowns are in contact with the surface of the tooth. Around any orthodontic devices can be formed such zones.
Indications for this procedure is hypersensitivity of the teeth, the recent holding of professional whitening, tooth restoration. Tooth decay is the basis for further conduct the fluorination.
Contraindications for fluoridation
Although the procedure is safe for the body, but it has contraindications. These include:
- An allergic reaction to the ingredients of drugs used for such procedures.
- Endemic mottling of teeth (generally, fluorosis is caused by damage to the teeth under their eruption and due to high concentration of fluoride in the environment in a particular area).
- High concentration of this microelement in the water.
Pregnancy is not a contraindication to this procedure. If there are no contraindications, it is best to do, because during pregnancy the condition of the teeth worsens.
It is very important for any toothpaste with fluoride or preparations with this substance use only after consultation with your doctor. The fact that the overdose of fluoride can cause harm to the body as a whole (permissible dose is calculated in each case depending on body weight). Parents should carefully monitor the use of fluoride toothpaste the child. Children’s toothpastes are often made with nice flavors that kids resist brushing. But children under the age of 6 years are usually not able to fully spit out the toothpaste and rinse your mouth well, so part of the toothpaste is swallowed, and the intake of fluoride in the body increases.
An excess of fluoride on the tooth enamel may be defective. They may look different — white spots and ugly brown spots large. This phenomenon in dentistry is called dental fluorosis. Most often it happens in children under 6 years of age, when teeth are still forming.
Very often fluorosis due to excess fluoride in food and water. In urban areas this is rarely the case. There the composition of the water is controlled by the relevant services. But in a country house, where used water from the well, and its mineral composition is unknown, the danger remains. Therefore, it is desirable to take a sample of water for analysis. In the presence of elevated levels of fluoride in water without any additional income from pastes and elixirs you can do. Dentist always recommend how to reduce the negative impact of such water. Stains from fluorosis also can be removed with the help of professional bleaching agents.
Following the usual hygiene of the oral cavity does not affect dental spots. It is not excluded that the dentist will be able to remove or lighten up them by using abrasive or bleaching agents used in professional teeth whitening.