Fluoridation of teeth: what it is, reviews, photos
Fluoridation of teeth among dental procedures are gaining popularity, although many patients do not know what it is. Reviews and photos presented in the article will allow to understand the procedure and to ensure its effectiveness.
Have a beautiful and healthy smile is the goal of every person. However, the predominance of carbohydrates in the diet, soft foods, lack of nutrients, poor hygienic status lead to the destruction of enamel and dental caries. Fluoridation can saturate the tooth tissue necessary minerals and strengthen them.
What is fluoridation of teeth?
The fluorination is called the saturation of the hard tissues of the tooth fluoride compounds by applying various liquids on the enamel. The procedure has proven effective as when you perform in primary teeth and the permanent dentition.
Advantages of the use of fluorine-containing devices make this method popular among doctors and patients of different ages.
- increases resistance of enamel to acids and damaging effect of microflora.
- increases the longevity of dental restorations;
- decreases hypersensitivity;
- reduced chance of caries formation;
- accelerated maturation of enamel in children.
Types of procedures
Fluoridation is profound and simple. Regardless of the selected methodology, should be conducted in phases, which increase the efficiency and reduce the risk of cavities.
- Professional teeth cleaning includes removing plaque and soft mineralized deposits with subsequent polishing of the tooth surface.
- The filling defects.
- Learning personalized dental care and selection of personal hygiene products.
Shows good results the preliminary saturation of enamel with calcium.
Simple fluoridation is in two ways: the application of fluoride varnish and the use of drugs in conjunction with the CVR:
- individual Kappa – made by a dental technician using a dental impression. It can contain fluoride, the substance for 10-15 minutes, course of treatment is 12-15 procedures. Plus techniques that is created by the tight contact between the enamel and the active components, and eliminates leakage of the drug into the oral cavity;
- the application of fluoride varnish on pre-dried and isolated from saliva teeth a lacquer, the course runs 2 to 4 times a year. It depends on the properties of enamel and activity of caries.
Deep fluoridation is more complex but more effective method. When this occurs, the saturation components of not only the enamel surface, because the drug penetrates. Used two vials: one is fluorine, the other with a calcium compound. Steps:
- step 1 — cleaning your teeth is not only brushing and professional pasta, but the ultrasonic scaler;
- step 2 — drying of the enamel from the water-air poster;
- step 3 – applying sealing liquid having a fluoride. The surface of the tooth again well dried;
- step 4 – on the cotton turundas the composition is applied from the second vial, which contains the hydroxide of calcium and copper. The swab is rubbed on the tool in the enamel, then the mouth should be rinsed with water.
With deep fluoridation is the merger of fluorine ions and calcium, which are embedded in the crystalline structure of hydroxyapatite, which contributes to strengthening the enamel. Whether you need to carry out such an application, say a dentist after a thorough examination of the oral cavity.
The benefits of applying fluoride varnishes or gels essential, because these substances help in restoring and strengthening enamel. Drugs, which is based on the fluoride, applied in the following situations:
- preventive procedures to reduce the probability of formation of cavities, especially in areas where the content of fluoride ion in water is reduced;
- multiple cavities;
- after the end of orthodontic treatment bracket system;
- the final stage in the restoration of tooth;
- removing hypersensitivity;
- after teeth whitening.
Often, the fluoridation of enamel perform the child in the milk bite, if the hard tissue of the tooth is not strong, thus can apply the methods of both endogenous and exogenous prevention. After doing the kids courses applications of fluoride varnish, an enamel layer is strengthened, and the initial dental caries can and does disappear.
- Allergic reactions to the components included in composition of drugs based on fluoride.
- Endemic mottling of the teeth.
- Increased concentration of fluoride in the water.
It is important to note that during pregnancy allowed to make prevention of caries by applying fluoride preparations, except for the cases listed above. Often during this period, women suffer from the deterioration of the teeth due to the impact of many minerals to the body of the child, therefore, timely fluoridation will help to preserve the beauty of the smile of the expectant mother.
Photo: before and after
Fluoridation teeth at home
The cost of treatments to strengthen enamel fluoride is high, especially when you consider that, to achieve positive one-time effect of the holding is not enough – you need to undergo.
Many patients are interested in whether it is possible to apply formoderate Polish yourself at home, because to buy a vial of the drug will be much cheaper for office fluoridation.
The use of this medication should be done under the strict supervision of the dentist, because excessive intake of fluoride in the body can lead to unpleasant effects and can cause serious poisoning. When used alone, increases the risk of the drug on the soft tissues, as well as its ingestion, so do not risk your health for savings.
To home application is allowed some remedies:
- Fluoride-containing toothpastes.
- The gels based on fluorine.
- The rinses.
If you use toothpaste, you should pay attention to the recommended dose of fluoride, expressed in units of ppm. Adult permissible value of 1500 ppm as a preventive measure, and children should brush teeth with a paste in which the concentration of the trace element does not exceed 600-800 ppm.
Elmeks gel is composed of amino which is the most effective fluoride compound, which is embedded in the crystalline lattice of enamel and forms a film on the tooth surface. Thanks to her long active ingredients are able to act and to penetrate into the deeper layers of enamel. The gel is necessary to brush your teeth like normal toothpaste, once a week, without its ingestion.
Toothpaste can not only freshen breath, but also wash away food waste from difficult to access places, as well as enriching the enamel with nutrients. The percentage of fluoride for therapeutic and prophylactic purposes is 0.15%. Rinse mouth daily twice a day after meals.
Video: fluoridation teeth at home.
Igor, 29 years old
I have weak tooth enamel. Apparently, it’s hereditary. I am very attentive to the condition of the oral cavity, regularly go to the dentist, buy expensive toothpaste for the teeth. But tooth decay is still not passes me by. At the next examination, as was discovered once the initial tooth decay, my dentist advised me to conduct deep fluoridation. I agreed I don’t regret, because the stain on the enamel decreased significantly. It’s been 5 months, and a cavity was not formed in this place. To maintain the effect, the doctor asked me to carry out this manipulation of once a year.
Svetlana, 35 years
A beautiful smile is important to me, so I never spare money on my teeth. After another bleaching, I had a hypersensitivity, what if she’s usually alone was gone in 5-6 days, this time I was tormented by the discomfort the third week. I went to the doctor after the examination he proposed to make fluoridation. I immediately agreed, because the pain bothered me. The dentist put me varnish five times, the procedures carried out through the day. But at home he advised me to use Elmex gel once a week. Don’t know what gave the result, but my hypersensitivity has disappeared.
Olga, 40 years
My son very bad teeth, even though I carefully followed his diet and oral hygiene. Forum for moms, I read that children can be applied a fluorine-containing drugs on baby teeth that will strengthen the enamel. We are having a baby signed up to the dentist, where I inquired about the feasibility of this procedure. He suggested that the Kappa, which is loaded with a special substance, after which they are fixed on the teeth for 10-15 minutes. The treatment was carried out course – we performed 12 procedures. I can say that I have not noticed of new caries at the child for the last three months. Will continue fluoridation once in 6-12 months.
► How much is the fluoridation of teeth?
The price for the procedure depends on the method: simple or deep fluoridation, and also from drug that is used for applying on the teeth. Domestic perlaki have a lower cost in comparison with import analogues. On average, the coating varnish of one tooth will cost from 50 to 400 rubles, and deep fluoridation is 120-600 rubles per tooth.
► Fluoridation of teeth – what age?
The main criterion for fluoridation is the child’s ability to sit still for more than 15 minutes with my mouth open. Usually it is easily possible to children 6 years of age, but there are exceptions. The procedure is effective for the maturation of enamel in milk bite in the period of change of teeth and increased sensitivity.
► Is there any harm from procedures?
Fluoridation completely harmless, if the doctor observes all the instructions of the manufacturers. The use of the saliva ejector allows you to remove excess saliva and prevents ingestion of the solutions. At home it is not necessary to use products for professional use, it is impossible to provide the best isolation of the mucous membranes of fluoride varnish or fluoride gel.
► What is better: a fluorination or plating?
Fluoridation has several advantages over silver. First, when using fluorine compounds does not change the hue of enamel, and when applied silver teeth firmly painted in black color, which persists until physiological change. Second, the plating stops the development of tooth decay, the enrichment of fluoride tooth strengthen enamel. However, fluoridation as a caries treatment is effective only at the stage of the spot.
► How often should to do?
Deep fluoridation is done once in 1-2 years, and courses applying varnish it is recommended to repeat every six months.