Gum disease: what to do, how to treat

Gingivitis — pathology of the oral cavity, bringing lots of troubles to its owners. Bleeding, bad breath, tooth sensitivity, itching and burning of the mucous membranes — signs that should not be ignored. If a person has had at least one of the symptoms listed above, should visit the dentist for treatment.

Causes of inflammatory processes in the oral cavity

Types of gum disease: gingivitis, periodontitis, periodontal disease. This is the most common pathology encountered by hygienists every day. The first two diseases have a close relationship. The main causes of gingivitis, in this case, the lack of proper hygiene of the oral cavity or complete disregard for it. Some people do not have time to brush my teeth before work in the morning, others forget to do the procedure in the evening because of fatigue. Anyway, the constant neglect of the necessary rules, leads to hazardous diseases.

Inflammation of the gums secondary causes: chronic diseases, vitamin deficiency, soft tissue injury, disorders of metabolism.

Gingivitis refers to diseases that affect superficial tissues of the mucosa. The gums near the tooth tightly to the teeth, not observed in the mobility of the units.

Gum disease symptoms:

  1. Bleeding during brushing and solids;
  2. Bad breath;
  3. The hyperemia of the mucous membranes;
  4. A strong inflammation of the gums;
  5. The presence of hard deposits, soft pigmented plaque;
  6. The gums near the tooth hurts and is swollen.
  7. Increased sensitivity of units to external stimuli.

The patient may feel that he has itchy teeth.

Itching of the tooth, inflamed gums, what to do

The desire to scratch the mucous membrane indicates the presence in the tissues changes. In any case you should not try to provide a rough mechanical action with a brush or fingers — this can lead to injury and worsen the situation. If you have pain, itching, what to do in an individual case should prompt the dentist.

Gingivitis, the causes can be substantial. For gingivitis is not typical: exposure of roots, formation of periodontal pockets, destruction of bone structure, the appearance of teeth mobility. Upon detection of these symptoms, you might suspect that you are suffering from a more serious condition than gingivitis.

Why inflamed gums

After eating, plaque on the teeth, food particles remain. If they are not promptly cleaned, for a short time, under the influence of the salts of the saliva, soft sediments calicivirus, the stones are formed. Hard plaque can be pigmented shades ranging from grey to black. Hard deposits are a source of chronic infection. In the future they increase, form massive periodontal pockets, which occur in inflammatory processes.

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The person, not complying with hygienic requirements, dramatically increases the probability of development of caries and other pathologies of the oral cavity.

To get rid of hard and soft microbial plaque is possible only by using special dental equipment. Treatment of inflamed gums requires an experienced physician.

Periodontitis — a disease of the periodontium. Pathology affects deeper lying tissue and affects the ligaments holding unit of the apparatus. In addition to the above symptoms, periodontitis is accompanied by:

  • The formation of deep pockets and the occurrence in them of inflammatory processes;
  • Purulent or serous discharge;
  • The advent of mobility units, the local increase in temperature;
  • Increased pain during a meal;
  • Increased bleeding is observed, regardless of the mechanical action.

During gingival inflammation, the person becomes irritable. The pain interferes with normal eating, bad breath is responsible for the reduction of self-esteem and the occurrence of psychological problems. Without the provision of appropriate treatment, high risk of complications of periodontitis: periodontitis, tooth loss, sepsis.

Periodontal disease — a disease that has nothing to do with the first two pathologies. He has a chronic course. Inflammation of the gums in this case are not observed.

The causes of pathology:

  1. Genetic predisposition;
  2. The metabolic disorders;
  3. Hormonal disease;
  4. Beriberi.

At the initial stages of periodontal disease goes unnoticed: there are no signs, no way to confirm the diagnosis with x-rays. At medium and advanced stages, the pathology is accompanied by a number of significant symptoms: exposure of roots, atrophy of the gums, the advent of mobility units. If a person fails to seek dental care, the disease will eventually lead to the fully edentulous.

Causes and treatment of inflammation of the mucous membrane, is established by the periodontist or hygienist, after internal inspection.

Assistance in the dental clinic

Gingivitis in most cases, indicates the presence of the disease. The symptom can also appear after:

  • A fall with a blow to the jaw;
  • Education micro abrasions with a brush with firm bristles;
  • Use hygiene products with strong abrasive effect;
  • The use of dental pastes, gels and rinses that cause allergic reactions.
  • Eating solid fruits and vegetables with a hard rind.

If inflamed gums and sore, take the time to visit the periodontist or dental hygienist. During the consultation, the dentist will examine. To identify periodontitis, gingivitis additional methods are required. If you suspect periodontal disease, it is advisable to carry out x — ray diagnosis.

Tactics dentist if inflamed gums on the upper or lower jaw:

  1. Elimination of hard and soft bacterial plaque;
  2. Debridement of periodontal pockets, elimination of source of infection;
  3. Processing units of special disinfectant paste;
  4. Polishing of the teeth.
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After treatment, the patient has fresh breath. In the future, in strict compliance with doctor’s recommendations, removed the remaining symptoms.

Inflammation of the gums around the tooth when gingivitis with proper treatment disappears completely within 5 — 7 days. Periodontitis treatment longer.

Typically, periodontal disease is not accompanied by infectious processes. Unfortunately, the pathology is chronic and can not achieve complete cure. But early treatment will prevent bone atrophy, slow shrinkage of the gums, exposure of roots, will eliminate the loss of units.

How to cure gum disease after a professional cleaning, tell the doctor. He will select a special set of medicines, hygiene products, give advice on further tactics of observation.

Inflamed gums around the tooth, your dentist advice:

  • Visit a qualified doctor and remove the stones, and plaque;
  • Within 7 — 10 days after treatment actually spent rinse solution Miramistina Chlorhexidine, Furatsilina. Treatment is recommended to exercise 3 times a day.
  • Use infusions and decoctions of chamomile flowers, calendula, yarrow, oak bark, sage. On balasoiu mucosa, it is useful to apply gauze pads soaked in the treatment solution.

What to do if inflamed gums


The answer to this question depends on the cause of the symptom. If pathology is missing, and the injury is caused by external factors, it is first necessary to eliminate negative interference, and seek medical attention.

Anyway, do not own to take decisive action to combat the pathologies themselves. To establish an accurate diagnosis, the dentist enough inspection that takes a few minutes.

Is it possible to treat gingivitis yourself

In pharmacies, cosmetic stores for sale many tools that promise to gain health of the oral cavity for a variety of money. Popular recipes invites you to take the advice of grandmothers. However, this is undesirable. Inflammation of the gums around the tooth may not be just an unpleasant symptom, insidious disease!

Rinses, gels and toothpastes can eliminate the symptoms of gingivitis and periodontitis, but may not completely remove them. In the case of periodontitis, you may lose precious time in the end to endanger the safety of the natural units.

Traditional methods are dubious for relieving symptoms, especially if used improperly. Quite often, unreasonable self-treatment triggers the development of allergic reactions, aggravates the course of disease.

Therapy at home

When gingivitis treatment at home is carried out after carrying out hygienic dental treatment. When properly selected method observed:

  1. Elimination of unpleasant smell from the mouth;
  2. Complete elimination of inflammation;
  3. The lack of bleeding;
  4. The decrease in mobility units;
  5. Restoring normal levels of mucous.
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With timely aid, inflammation of the gums around the tooth are eliminated, symptoms such as pain, redness, disappear. The patient must remember that if he doesn’t observe strict rules of personal hygiene, accumulated deposits will again trigger a wave of disease.

How to remove an inflammation of the gums

To eliminate infection ointments and gels: Holisal, Solkoseril, Asepta gel, Evident asset. Treatment is carried out 3 times a day, after rinsing with antiseptic solution. The drug is rubbed into mucous membranes with clean fingers or use special applicators, sold together with gels and ointments.

Before the use of drugs, read the instructions carefully, inquire about contraindications, side effects, time and treatment. If you have allergic reactions or other negative manifestations, cancel the drug, go to the dentist.

How to treat strong inflammation of the gums

With periodontitis, your doctor may prescribe an antibacterial drug. Do not own to pick up medicine with the help of a pharmacist. Self-medication can cause rapid development of the disease, deterioration of health.

To relieve inflammation of the gums, you can rinse with a solution of baking soda and salt. After treatment necessary to comply with a specialized diet. Enter in the diet of apples, citrus fruits, black currants, raspberries, blackberries, cabbage, zucchini.

What to do for inflammation of the mucous membranes of the mouth during pregnancy

Currently, there are safe methods and drugs that act gently and effectively. Treatment is mainly carried out in term 2 of waiting for a baby. If the pregnancy less than 13 weeks or greater than 35, a visit to the doctor is necessary to get competent advice.

Inflammation of the gums around the tooth indicate any problem in the body. Try to clean up and remove the symptoms alone is not desirable. When the first signs of the disease, take care of health and do not delay your visit to the dental clinic.