Gum treatment: how to treat gum

The need to treat the gums have the appearance of signs of inflammation. The symptoms of the inflammatory process may indicate an early stage of development of a number of dental diseases. If you do not take timely measures on their elimination, increases the risk of complications of the disease with the formation of purulent cysts, abscess, damage to the periodontal ligament and tooth loss.

What symptoms indicate inflammation of the gums

The inflammatory process develops gradually, so in the initial stage of its symptoms are mild: noticeable reddening of the epithelium of the gums, you may feel a little itchy. Then added bleeding. This symptom usually occurs when pressure is applied to soft tissue with a toothbrush when brushing your teeth. At the transition of the disease in the next stage, the intensity of bleeding increases and a discharge of blood occurs even with a light touch. The gums begin to swell, exuding an unpleasant smell. In the last stage of pathological processes lead to atrophy of epithelial tissue, loosening and tooth loss.

What contributes to gum disease

The causes of gum disease, can be very diverse. In some cases, for example when removal of a tooth, inflammation is temporary. Usually after a few days of swelling, pain and redness in the area of the procedure pass without special treatment. But if they persist for more than 6 days, you must consult a doctor to determine the cause of inflammation as the possible development of postoperative complications.

Factors that contribute to gingivitis:

  • the accumulation on teeth of soft plaque and Tartar due to insufficient hygiene of cavity of mouth;
  • immunosuppression;
  • insufficient content of vitamins in the diet;
  • taking certain types of medications;
  • genetic background;
  • the presence of chronic diseases;
  • hormonal changes;
  • Smoking;
  • tissue irritation poorly constructed crowns or dentures;
  • the changes in the body associated with child bearing.

To provoke inflammation of the gums (especially in children) may also teething, the weakness of the underdeveloped immune system of mucosal injury (biting tooth, mechanical trauma, burns), viral infection.

Disease characterized by inflammation of the gums

Most often, the need for treatment occurs when the gums pulpitis, gingivitis, periodontitis, periodontitis and periodontal disease. Often, such problem occurs when eruption of wisdom teeth or in pregnancy. If you notice that you have inflamed gums, its treatment cannot be postponed, in order not to aggravate the situation.

The etiology and treatment of pulpitis

Pulpitis is an inflammation of the dental pulp is located in the Central part of the tooth connective tissue that contains many blood vessels and nerve endings. The disease often occurs as a complication of untreated dental caries, its appearance may contribute to fracture of the tooth, the presence of cracks, low-quality treatment.

In acute pulpitis, the patient notes a sharp pain. Its intensity increases when injected in the cavity in the food or other irritating substances and objects.

Treatment to the dentist at an early stage of the disease will eliminate the inflammation by using the antiseptic, in chronic pulpitis is root canal surgery, the cleaning and filling the canals of the tooth.


Gingivitis most frequently affects children. In most cases, the cause of the disease is the insufficient care of the teeth, leading to Tartar formation. Being a breeding ground for germs, dental plaque contribute to a significant increase in their numbers. Then pathogenic microflora affects the gums, causing inflammation. Symptoms of gingivitis: redness and swelling of tissues, bleeding, pain while brushing. Over time, can appear purulent ulcers formed about periodontal pockets.


With periodontitis inflamed tissue surrounding a tooth (periodontium). Often the disease occurs in an acute form, characterized by the rapid development of the inflammation for 7-10 days covers the area of the gums around one tooth or multiple teeth. The disease causes an infection that enters on the inner layers of the mucous tissue damage. Symptoms of periodontitis: pain, itching, swelling appears, can form abscesses, pus pockets. Felt bad breath, the mobility of the teeth. The disease can cause intoxication of the organism, to promote the development of circulatory disorders of the heart muscle and brain.


Develops when untreated gingivitis. The disease continued, sluggish. The patient may not feel pain and not to pay attention to other symptoms of the disease. The gum tissue thinning, drop, exposing the tooth neck. Violated the integrity of the ligaments, that fix the teeth, so they start to fan out. Periodontal pockets are formed, amplified reaction to hot and cold. The gradual loosening of the teeth leading to their loss.

Destruction of the gums during pregnancy

A woman’s body during pregnancy is experiencing considerable load: hormonal changes and reduced immunity, which contributes to the development of various diseases. One of them is gingivitis, where gums become swollen and red interdental papillae to swell. Often, patients note bleeding, increased formation of plaque. It is important not to start the inflammatory process and to consult your doctor with the first symptoms of the disease. In the treatment of gingivitis removes plaque, used drugs, relieving inflammation and increases capillary permeability. Given oral vitamins, application and rinsing of medicines and herbs.

Inflammation of the gums caused by the growth of wisdom teeth

Often the teething eights accompanied by the formation on the tooth of the hood of the mucosa. Damage during chewing of food and the accumulation of particles in foods contributes to the appearance of the inflammatory process of pericoronitis. With this condition need medical assistance with opening, cleaning and washing the hood with antiseptics. Then, if necessary, given oral antibiotics. Delaying the treatment to the dentist can cause abscess and other dangerous complications.

Methods of eliminating gingivitis

If you have symptoms of gum disease should visit the dentist. Timely treatment will prevent the development of dangerous complications and to maintain healthy teeth. How to cure the gums when a minor inflammatory process in the home — for these purposes are used special ointments, means-mouthwashes, medicated toothpastes. You can also use the advice of traditional medicine. Before using any medicines should consult with your doctor.

The use of drugs

Reduce inflammation will help spray and gel Parodontoza, for quick healing of the tissues it is recommended to use Gengigel, provides pain relief Holisal Asepta or gel, which includes propolis. Antiseptic and anti-inflammatory properties Metrogyl-Denta. Relieve itching and swelling teething in children by using drops of Dantherm Baby and candles Viburkol.

Reduce the intensity of pain and inhibit infection Kalgel, scars, Kamistad. When needed doctors prescribe antibiotics: Clindamycin, Lincomycin, diabetes and significant resistance of pathogenic organisms to other drugs used Neomycin or Tarivid.

Antiseptic solutions for rinsing

A mandatory element of the therapy of major dental diseases, mouth wash with special means, depressing the vital activity of microbes and improves healing of damaged tissues. The most commonly used antiseptic solutions:

  1. Furacillin;
  2. Chlorhexidine;
  3. Tantum Verde;
  4. Malavit;
  5. Miramistin;
  6. Hlorofillipt.


It is also useful to use a mouthwash Listerine by the expert, containing essential oils that help remove plaque.

Rinsing of the mouth should begin before how to treat inflamed gums application of the gel or dosage of spray. The procedure should last no less than 1 minute.

The use of therapeutic toothpastes

To eliminate the symptoms of inflammation have been successfully used special toothpaste. They are used in combination with other agents, as they can’t completely eliminate the cause of the disease, but improve the condition of the gums. The use of therapeutic toothpastes gives the following effect:

  • Active — inhibits harmful bacteria, reducing the inflammation of the tissue;
  • Silka — removes plaque, prevents the development of gingivitis;
  • Lacalut aktiv — reduces swelling and bleeding;
  • Sensodent Total care anti-inflammatory effect;
  • President exclusive — has high antimicrobial activity.

In the treatment of gingivitis, it is recommended to dissolve the candy-probiotics are composed of beneficial bacteria Lactobacillus Reuteri Prodentis, ensuring the normalization of the microflora of the mouth, the balance of which is disturbed by the use of antiseptics and antibacterial drugs. Anti-inflammatory properties that allow it to quickly restore damaged gums in the treatment of periodontitis, has a homeopathic remedy Ubiquinone.

How to use folk remedies to eliminate inflammation of the gums

For the treatment of inflammatory processes in the gums are widely used infusions of herbs, salt (regular and sea), baking soda, bee products and even tea leaves. These tools are found in every home and can help to reduce pain and other manifestations of the disease before visiting a dental clinic.

You can try to relieve the inflammation in the following ways:

  1. Lubricate the gums with honey — it has antiseptic properties and prevents the growth of bacteria.
  2. Use to rinse decoction of sage, lime blossom, oak bark, eucalyptus leaves, yarrow, calendula flowers, St. John’s wort, chamomile. How to prepare the infusion before treating the gums — you need to add a tablespoon of vegetable component 250 ml of boiling water and let stand half an hour.
  3. Hold the gum diluted with water (3:1) tincture of calamus and propolis.
  4. Add when brushing your teeth into a paste with a little tea tree oil.
  5. Rinse your mouth with water solution of sea salt, in its absence, you can take table salt or baking soda.
  6. Sea salt can also be used for rubbing the gums, adding a little vegetable oil.
  7. Apply to the gum, a tea bag, waited until it cooled down after brewing. Tea contains tannic acid, which depressing effect on the infection.
  8. Consume as a drink containing no sugar cranberry juice.
  9. Apply to the affected area aloe pulp.

To prevent gum disease it is recommended to include in your diet foods that contain large amounts of vitamins, especially C and D. it is Advisable to stop Smoking, very negatively affecting the mucous membranes of the mouth and gums.

Avoid stress — they disrupt the immune system and increase the likelihood of damage to gums infection. It is necessary to pay due attention to the care of the mouth and regular brushing occasionally use the services of a professional dental cleaning to remove the deposits of Tartar.

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