Gums bleed when brushing teeth treatment

If gums bleed when brushing your teeth, then treatment should be professional and appropriate. Since the beginning of the bleed maybe only during hygiene procedures, then the pain and bleeding starts when chewing and biting food, and after going, even with articulations. Usually, bleeding gums and bad breath have the same cause. In this article you will learn why gums bleed and what treatment is required.

Why bleeding from the gums

In the majority of cases of bleeding gums begins due to the lack of proper care for the oral cavity. If a person brushes his teeth regularly or doing it poorly, then on the enamel surface accumulate bacterial plaque. This favorable environment for pathogenic microorganisms. For a short period of time the plaque is mineralized and turns into hard Tartar. It can only be removed by a dentist.

Hard deposits may be located above the gum or below it. This violates the trophism of the mucosa. Bacteria for which plaque is the perfect environment, produce toxins that lead to inflammation of the soft tissues. The inflammatory process is the cause of bleeding gums. The more inflammation, the more the bleeding.

There are also several reasons can cause bleeding gums, but they are extremely rare:

  • drug therapy. The use of certain drugs blood properties and vessels are subject to change. The most known remedy is blood-thinning aspirin. Also bleeding can influence heparin, warfarin, clopidogrel, some non-steroidal anti-inflammatory. If the cause is medication, side effects should be listed in the instructions for use. After discontinuation of the drug inflammation of the mucous membrane passed;
  • hypovitaminosis. On the condition of the vessels is affected, and deficiency of vitamins. Especially noticeable is the lack of vitamin C, e, K, E. vitamin Deficiency can develop due to deficiency or poor diet, suffer from it people who often stick to one or two-component diets;
  • the dental procedure. If you have been incorrectly installed seal, a crown or dentures are not fitted, the load on the dentition moves that injure the mucosa. Tooth extraction or professional cleaning is also able cause inflammation of the gums;
  • somatic disease. If there are diseases of the endocrine system or the blood that affect clotting (hemophilia, thrombocytopenia, vitamin K deficiency, diabetes) or a tumor (leukemia, leukemia), it affects the mucous membrane;
  • hormonal changes. Cause bleeding can hormonal imbalance. Often this occurs during pregnancy, menopause or puberty.

Possible causes of bleeding in the care of the teeth


If gums bleed only during mechanical impact on them, then it is likely incorrect technique of cleaning or choosing the wrong toothbrush. Blood in hygiene brushing your teeth can appear each time or periodically.

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The pressure on the brush can be too strong or movements are incorrect, which injure the gum. Quite often, the people hurt the gums, making too sudden movements or guiding the brush to the cutting edge of the tooth to the gums, as it removes the gum. It is possible to injure the mucosa and flossing if you make sudden movements. Also bleeding can affect improper hygiene. For example, instead of toothbrush with soft atraumatic bristles, people can use a brush with medium or hard. Toothpaste with whitening effect teeth are not desirable. She has a major composition abrasive particles and acid. It is better to buy products for oral hygiene on the basis of plant components.

In order to eliminate bleeding gums during brushing, it is recommended to visit a dental hygienist. The doctor will tell you what you need to focus you when choosing hygiene and demonstrate the correct brushing technique. See whether you need professional treatment or simply need to change the brush and «calm down» mucosa.

Diseases of the oral cavity, accompanied by bleeding gums

If a person’s gums bleed when brushing your teeth appeared pain, symptoms of gingivitis. Signs of illness:

  1. swelling of the soft tissues;
  2. mucous changes color to red or blue;
  3. the presence of stones;
  4. bad breath.

Gingivitis can be both bacterial and viral or fungal. If gingivitis is ignored, then over time it will develop into periodontitis. Symptoms added: the formation of pockets, which then begins to leak pus, exposure necks of the teeth, mobility and displacement of teeth. Periodontitis leads to loss of the healthy tooth as trophic worsens, the tooth is no longer kept in the hole.

Periodontal disease — gum disease is not inflammatory in nature. It occurs more often in older people, as it worsens the condition and nutrition of the vessels, starts dystrophic process.

The treatment of bleeding gums

Regardless of what led to the beginning of the inflammatory process in the mucous membrane, the treatment must be performed by a doctor periodontist. Traditional medicines can only help if the inflammation is not associated with the presence of Tartar. The doctor will examine the oral cavity and to determine the diagnosis. If diagnosed with gingivitis, you will need to remove sediments and ten-day therapy in the home, if periodontitis, the treatment is much longer and costly.

Treatment for gingivitis involves cleaning the teeth from bacterial deposits and rinsing twice daily with Chlorhexidine and application Holisal-gel. After a moment of rinsing is required to dry the mucous swab or breathed by the mouth and apply the gel on the gums.

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To define the schema of treatment of periodontitis will require an x-ray. It will allow your doctor to see how advanced the disease is, to visualize the subgingival pockets and to estimate the degree of destruction of bone tissue.

For the treatment of periodontitis requires manual cleaning of the gingival pockets (curettage), which can only be done by a dentist. If pockets are deeper than 5 mm, then clear them from the decomposed tissue and remnants of food is possible only by making an incision (flap surgery). For recovering the immobility of the teeth is splinting. The teeth are held together with a splint of fiberglass or metal that are invisible to others. The teeth no longer wobbly, and the load when chewing is distributed evenly. However, it is not always possible to keep the teeth, then they have to remove and prosthetics.

What to do to stop the bleeding from the gums

If there is bleeding from the gums, then you need to spend more time on hygiene.

  • Toothpastes. You should choose a specialized therapeutic pasta with vegetable components and connections capable to remove inflammation. According to dentists, the most effective paste:

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«LACALUT fitoformula». Effectively eliminates inflammation by using aluminum lactate, sodium fluoride and herbal components (world, sage, St. John’s wort);

«LACALUT aktiv». Lactate of aluminium and aluminium fluoride quickly clean the bleeding gums, and bisabolol and allantoin soothes mucous membranes. Antiseptic Chlorhexidine destroys microorganisms;

«Parodontax» Toothpaste has a specific taste, because it contains a mineral salt, it is added to remove the swelling and to destroy pathogenic microorganisms. Plant extracts provide astringent effect and removes inflammation. Produced two kinds: with fluoride and without it;

«PresiDENT exclusive» quickly eliminates bleeding with thyme and propolis. Added and sodium chloride and antiseptic hexetidine.

Paste to relieve bleeding can not destroy hard dental deposits, and therefore have a temporary effect. Once the tool is replaced by the usual, bleeding when brushing your teeth comes back. In addition, most toothpastes contain antiseptics and antibiotics, which kill the microflora as pathogenic and useful, so it can’t be used longer than two weeks.

Rinses and conditioners are necessary when bleeding, to resolve inflammation and destroy pathogens. Such solutions include the Perio-Aid, PresiDent, VitizOrthodontic, ALFIX, Forest balsam, Effectiv, Stomatofit Fresh.

Antiseptics are designed to remove pathogens, to prevent them from falling into the open wound. You can apply Miramistin, Chlorhexidine, Lugol, Efficient, Hlorofillipt, tincture of calendula, a solution of Furatsilina or baking soda. Remedies are used ten-day courses, because they can disrupt the microflora in the oral cavity.

Pills for resorption. They also enable you to fight infection. You can use Grameen, Septolete, Laripront, Faringosept, Hexamita, Adicipta, Decameron.

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For faster recovery (regeneration) of used mucosa Calvin, Rotokan, sea Buckthorn oil, Stomatofit, dental paste, Solcoseryl gel Metrogyl Denta spray Parodontotsid.

Before applying medicinal drugs need to consult with your doctor

Means of alternative medicine

To relieve inflammation, destruction of pathogenic microorganisms and accelerate the regeneration process can be used folk remedies. But they can only stop the bleeding of the gums, because it does not destroy the cause of the disease — plaque. This is only a Supplement to the basic therapy. You can rinse mucous membrane:

  1. the oak bark. Infusion contains tannins, which strengthen the gums and reduce the bleeding, relieving inflammation. For the preparation required to press a teaspoon of the bark in 200 ml of boiling water for one hour;
  2. chamomile. This is one of the most famous and effective of plants possessing anti-inflammatory properties. A spoonful of dried plants soaked in 200 ml hot water for one hour. Rinse your mouth after each meal;
  3. sage. Also has anti-inflammatory and antibacterial properties. The method of preparation of decoction the same.

Nettle is able to quickly stop the bleeding, aloe reduces inflammation and heals, a solution of baking soda and salt destroys pathogens — all of these tools are used if you have bleeding gums.

Traditional medicines, special toothpastes, rinses and gels give only temporary results. While tooth enamel is hard plaque, bacteria have something to eat and they will produce toxins in the process of life. So if you have bleeding gums, you should visit the dentist and clean the enamel from the stones by ultrasound, and conduct rehabilitation of the oral cavity.

Bleeding during pregnancy is very common as hormonal changes women. In most cases treatment is limited to rinsing and applications. Apply ultrasound for cleaning teeth from plaque and take x-rays during pregnancy, is prohibited.

Bleeding gums is a symptom of dental disease — gingivitis. Which is far from innocuous, and is not limited to only this characteristic. If not treated bleeding, it may eventually lead to tooth loss.