Gums plasmolifting in dentistry
Plasmolifting in dentistry in our time is becoming popular, and this is not surprising because the treatment of the gums in this way will help to get rid of a variety of different problems in the mouth and strengthen teeth .
Plasmolifting gums — what is it? The method is based on the introduction of platelet-rich and other useful elements to the plasma of the patient by injection in the gum. In this way achieves the rejuvenation of the tissues at the level of each cell, restoring their normal structure and getting rid of various inflammatory processes without the use of medication.
The positive effect of PRP is due to the fact that human blood contains a large amount of useful amino acids, hormones, enzymes and vitamins. When entering this complex in the gum tissue and the stimulation of metabolic processes, aktiviziruyutsya circulation. Accelerates the regeneration and restoration of damaged cells, are eliminated by destruction of the organic matrix.
By the procedure can not only reduce inflammation of tissues and to accelerate the recovery of the patient, but also to intensify the natural processes of regeneration. Thanks to the use of platelet-rich plasma gums and help restore the natural shape, color and structure. Wellness treatment prevents bone deterioration, providing healthy and radiant smile for the patient.
Indications for manipulation
Plasmolifting is conducted as a therapeutic and prophylactic. It depends on the state of the oral cavity and present diseases. Injection of platelets only do locally in the area of the affected tissues.
The procedure is shown to hold people who have recurrent gingivitis, alveolitis and local periodontitis, which is accompanied by severe soreness of the tissues, increased sensitivity, looseness and development of bleeding. The technique has been successfully used in the period after tooth extraction with the goal of early wound healing, not assumptions the development of bleeding, to restore the epithelium of the mucous membrane, and also when complications arise in the case of the maxillo-facial surgery. Shown its application before the scheduled implantation, as a result of the intensification of blood circulation and local metabolic processes, there is a rapid villemot of the implant. PRP will help in case of an unsuccessful implant and prevent the formation of peri. With the development of tooth mobility, the introduction of autologous blood can help you quickly and efficiently fix the problem.
Prophylactic PRP is used to enhance local immunity and increase the organism resistance to the effect of bacteria that enter the human body through the mouth. The procedure is the prevention of development of inflammatory processes of the gums or periodontal.
PRP affects the body as follows:
- Disappears bad breath, the cause of which is inflammation.
- Decreased mobility of the teeth, they become stronger and not fall out.
- Eliminated bleeding, pain and other unpleasant processes, which had previously appeared in food and hygiene of the oral cavity.
- The holes heal quickly after removal of the teeth, restores the damaged epithelium.
- When implantation of implants the possibility of allergic reactions to the materials used and further rejection is practically reduced to zero.
Contraindications and possible side effects
The procedure of plasmolifting is done only when indicated. It cannot be done at any time at the request of the patient because it requires a full examination of the patient and rehabilitation of chronic foci of infection. This is necessary in order to keep blood the patients were healthy, because in the presence of serious inflammatory process in the body is not excluded changes in the structure of the plasma. As a result, to achieve the desired effect it will be very hard, almost impossible. That is why it is not recommended to treat patients with the following pathologies:
- viral hepatitis;
- herpes virus infection in the acute stage;
- acute infectious diseases;
- immunodeficiency States (HIV, AIDS);
- pathology of the blood;
- autoimmune disorders;
- malignant neoplasms;
- the metabolic disorders;
- mental disorder.
It is important to know: invasive introduction of the plasma can not be done people with allergic reaction to anticoagulants (heparin) that are used during the preparation of the drug.
Despite the fact that the introduction of platelets to patients is a safe procedure, as the blood in humans cannot be allergic reaction, in some cases may develop side effects. They are not serious complications and pass on their own after a few days. However, the patient should be ready for them.
The main side effects from the PRP:
- redness and flushing of the skin;
- edema of the epidermis
- bruises, blemishes and hemorrhage at the injection of the drug.
Before the procedure be sure to notify your doctor about all the medicines. After all, when you use tools that have the ability to thin the blood significantly increases the risk of large hematomas.
The pros and cons of the procedure
Plasmolifting in dentistry is very popular. This method of treatment of inflammatory diseases of the oral cavity and other problems is absolutely safe. For the preparation of the drug is used the patient’s own blood, separating out her platelets. Thus practically does not use any other components except anticoagulants, which are necessary to ensure that it does not curdle. Therefore, the risk of allergic reaction is completely absent.
One of the advantages of this method of treatment is that there is no need to use anesthesia. The injection is completely painless, in some cases, the appearance of discomfort. If necessary, patients with a low pain threshold teeth and gums smeared with a special gel with an anesthetic.
Plasmolifting is very fast. The whole process takes only 30-40 minutes, it depends on what problem the patient addressed to a specialist.
The procedure can be done in parallel with other methods of dental treatment and taking medication. The exception is the use of anticoagulants, the use of which must be stopped 1-2 weeks before the scheduled date.
Unfortunately, there are some disadvantages of PRP. The procedure requires special equipment which is not available in all clinics. As the methodology used in dental practice relatively recently, pretty hard to find a specialist who has the necessary knowledge and skills to carry it out.
The cost of manipulation is very high, so not everyone can afford to treat teeth with the help of plasmolifting even if there are indications to its implementation.
How to do the procedure
Special preparation before the treatment with PRP is missing. It is recommended to make a panoramic image of teeth, and blood tests for the detection of antibodies to HIV, hepatitis and other infections. The procedure is performed on an empty stomach. A few days before the scheduled date, it is desirable to exclude from the diet fried, spicy, salty, smoked and pickled food.
On the day of the procedure, the patient from a vein take blood volume of about 15 ml. It depends on the volume of the finished product. Further, a biological liquid to be centrifuged to separate plasma from other components. As a result of the action of the patient’s plasma enriched with platelets. In addition, in the present preparation of growth factors and proteins involved in the recovery processes of damaged tissues. Throughout the preparatory stage takes about 15 minutes, which is very convenient for the patient.
The autoplasma injected into the affected gum tissue, the hole after removal of the teeth, to areas with established implants, osteosynthesis or sinus lift. The required dosage is calculated individually. On average, 2-3 mm gingival use 0.1–0.2 ml of the drug, and the dentoalveolar segment 1 — 0.5 ml.
The result of treatment of plasma lifting is noticeable almost immediately, after the first injection of autologous blood in the gums Enriched with platelets and other beneficial components of the plasma begins to operate almost instantly. Main effect — the intensification of local blood circulation, resulting in acceleration of metabolic processes and tissue saturation of oxygen. Stimulates cell growth and repair damaged epithelium, strengthening of the tissue and teeth , increases the production of hyaluronic acid and collagen.
The therapeutic course consists of 4 treatments 7-10 days. However, in the case of severe diseases of the oral cavity or other conditions may increase the number of sessions. This is decided by a specialist only on the basis of examination of the patient. With the preventive purpose it is enough to make 2 procedures with an interval of 2-3 months.
Using PRP, for the treatment of diseases of the teeth and gums, you should follow the doctor’s recommendations. Thus it is possible to achieve fast recovery.