How long is anesthesia of tooth: frost leaves
Anesthesia is practiced in various procedures in the dental office, how long it takes a tooth anesthesia depends on the personal characteristics of the patient and specific procedure. This is often necessary not only to remove the pain as such, but also psychological discomfort, additionally, the specialist confidence that the patient while working with the equipment will not make unnecessary movements.
Why the need for local anesthesia
Some may think that the freezing of the tooth is needed only when conducting the extraction, that is removal of molars. Actually it is used for a much wider range of dental procedures. For example, in the treatment of periodontal disease or gingivitis, deep caries, and many other types of pathologies.
It is proved that about one-third of experience in the dental chair of pain provoked by psychological discomfort. Pain relief solves this problem, and given the use of more modern and less noisy equipment, the patient may feel during the procedure is quite comfortable.
Varieties of modern anesthesia
First, what is the principle of operation of any local anesthesia is injected the substance directly affects the nerve impulse, which is responsible for pain. Any drug expire, gradually dissolving it ceases to influence the body, unpleasant sensations appear for awhile then disappear.
To date, there are following types of anesthesia:
|Application.||This special sprays or gels intended for additional relieve discomfort, duration is short.|
|Infiltration.||Used for cleaning dental root canals, is injected injection under the periosteum, the mucous membrane of the gums, intraosseously, duration — 1 hour.|
|Conductor.||Features — introduction by injection into the region of the trigeminal nerve. This type of anesthesia is indicated for the removal, treatment molar teeth, root canal, gums, and other complex and lengthy manipulations.|
|Intraligamentary.||Anesthesia is injected around the desired molar with a special syringe. Used for removing wisdom teeth during the complicated manipulations enhances the action of other painkillers.|
Especially the use of anesthesia in dentistry
So, there are two major groups of local anesthetics — application and injection. The first is well suited for pain relief directly to the site of puncture, the second — is direct intervention.
But the sprays for freezing have their contraindications — not suitable for children under the age of five and also for adults with asthma. Gels and sprays used for certain indications, for example, during difficult dentition in children, when the time came, after various injuries, for the pain, erosions and ulcers.
Experts advise — if you know what are usually freezing you have not as much as would like, try before a visit to the dentist to take extra sedatives (tincture of motherwort, peony, Valerian).
But if you suddenly feel that numb not only your region, but and cheek, tongue or lips, do not panic. This is due to the nearest exit of the nerve endings in the direction towards each other and getting them used analgesic.
How long freeze
The first group includes the application of pain relievers lasts a short period of time — within a few minutes. But how many moves the patient from the injection of anesthesia, depends on which jaw the shot was given.
So provided that the same dosage selected for the upper jaw, the effect will last about two hours and a half, and the bottom one to about four. Of course, for some, it may last longer, all depends on the individual, but if the freeze does not expire during the day, you just need to contact your specialist with this problem.
What it depends on
How quickly departs anesthesia, also depends on a number of factors that we will list below:
- The presence of vasoconstrictors in the composition of the drug. These components narrow the blood vessels, speed of impact is reduced — is a more lasting effect, but also to depart from it taking a little longer;
- The inflammatory process in the area of injection. Alkaline medicine is faced with the acidic environment at the site of inflammation, the action of the drug neutralizes whole or in part;
- Chronic diseases of the gastrointestinal tract. From the work of the kidneys and liver will determine how quickly removed the remnants of the drug from the body, if you have problems with these bodies the effect of the anesthesia will not be as fast as we would like;
- Age. Elderly people not respond well to anesthesia, but also depart from it’s also slower;
- The correctness of the procedure. To a large extent the actions of the specialist depends on the achievement of the desired result;
- The form of the drug.
Possible consequences of using anesthesia
What specific pain relief to use is decided by the dentist after determining the patient’s health status, he should ask about the possibility of Allergy to the drug components. However, there are a list of General side effects:
- Pain in the mouth, in the throat;
- General malaise;
- Unpleasant sensations in the stomach;
- Difficulties with concentration of attention;
- Aching in the bones;
- Redness, itching, mucous membrane or skin.
The most severe of the side effects are: damage to or necrosis of the lips, tongue, teeth, infection of the lungs. In the wrong dosage, selected, or entered incorrectly, the medication may exhibit the following symptoms:
- Partial damage of the nervous process;
- The death of nerve cells, sometimes partial necrosis of the cells of the eye;
- An allergic reaction, in severe cases, anaphylactic shock.
In very exceptional cases, there may be partial brain damage, death. The list is impressive, but it only means that analgesia must be very careful and take into account existing contraindications.
How to behave after anesthesia
First, if you are not sure how much your freezing needs to act, specify this information directly from the dentist to if necessary time to react. The average duration of pain is 2 hours, but 4 hours is quite normal figure.
If it’s been half an hour after the deadline and anesthesia are still not recovered, consult a specialist. Be sure to provide the following information:
- What type of anesthesia or what the drug is used;
- Have you taken any medication that day, especially after a visit to the dentist;
- Do you have a chronic illness such as diabetes, renal and heart failure, in accordance with these data will be matched to the correct medication to neutralize the side effects of anesthesia.
When a serious condition requiring hospitalization and the subsequent introduction of antidotes.
How to remove freeze
If you feel good after the treatment and you are worried about any side effects to some acceptable manipulations for speedy deliverance from the action of the analgesic. For example, you can make a warm compress by applying it on the area numb and the tooth is permissible to use only the pressed iron warm shawl.
Also, try to take a warm drink, hot is not recommended. When you try to take any drugs useless, the action of local anesthesia to influence it can not.
What anesthesia is shown pregnant
Usually dentists do not recommend dental treatment during pregnancy, it is advised to save this for later, but there are times when I can’t wait. Usually the second trimester is the best period for this kind of manipulation.
What is the difference between pain management for women in the position? The drug should not contain adrenaline — it is necessary to exclude the possibility of increasing the pressure of the patient, it can lead to uterine contractions.
The drug should be non-toxic, minimizing any traumatic intervention, if necessary, the procedure is carried out in a hospital.
Anesthesia and lactation
Unlike the pregnancy at this time there is no danger in the use of pain medications for the young mother no. The fact that anesthesia works topically, not absorbed into the bloodstream regardless of its amount, toxic effects on the body is virtually nonexistent.
There is a simple solution to fully protect the child, feed him to a trip to the dentist and prepare milk for the next feeding in advance. If you still are afraid of possible allergic reactions, wait until the next breastfeeding for 3-4 hours to be safe.