How long treated stomatitis in children
Stomatitis is an inflammation of the mucous membrane of the oral cavity. Manifested by redness, swelling, rash. In addition, some forms may be accompanied by fever, inflammation of the lymph nodes, deterioration of General health. How many days is treated stomatitis in children you will learn from this article.
Causes of stomatitis
Causes of inflammation of the oral mucosa:
- trauma, burns;
- failure to comply with sanitary norms;
- long-term use of antibiotics;
- a weakened immune system.
In most cases, treatment is symptomatic, that is, is to eliminate the inflammatory process in the lining of the mouth, but some forms cannot be cured without the antibiotics, antiviral or anti-allergic drugs.
Types of stomatitis and duration of treatment
Stomatitis can be an independent disease, for example, in the injury of the mucosa, the bacteria and began to have a negative effect on her. And there may be a complication of another disease (angina, influenza, SARS, pathology of the gastrointestinal tract or nasopharynx). While the infection persists, the inflammatory process in the oral cavity will be sluggish or periodic in nature. Inflammation of the oral mucosa may be one of the symptoms of iron deficiency anemia.
Depending on the causes of inflammation, treatment. If the disease was detected at an early stage and taken measures to its localization, is the stomatitis for 7-14 days.
Depending on the etiology and severity of the disease is assigned as a dentist or pediatrician, treatment. Its timing may depend on individual characteristics of the child’s body or from a minimal course of medications.
The inflammatory process is more often localized on the gums, lips, cheeks. The child becomes painful to chew and speak, there is a General weakness, increased production of saliva and there is bad breath.
This kind of disease is cured relatively slowly. In the first stage is used to rinse infusions of herbs that have antiseptic properties (chamomile, oak bark, sage, calendula). If the child is older than three years and is able to rinse your mouth, you can make a weak solution of potassium permanganate or chlorhexidine. If the disease progresses, you need to consult a doctor. For the local treatment usually recommend gel Holisal, the treatment with hydrogen peroxide.
Formed ulcers start to increase not only in diameter, but grow deeper and deeper, merging into a single lesion. When this occurs, severe pain in articulation, chewing. Mouth an unpleasant putrid smell. Deteriorating health, temperature rises, there is pain in muscles.
The therapy begins with a professional removal of dead cells from the mucous and removing the stones and plaque from the teeth. The doctor prescribes a course of antibiotics and antimicrobial rinses (weak solution of potassium permanganate, hydrogen peroxide). It is recommended to take steps to lift the immunity of the body (to drink vitamins, Immunostimulants).
How long to cure thrush in young children? This is due to the body’s resistance to adverse factors and the severity of the disease. With timely and adequate treatment improvements will be noticeable in 3-5 days, and in his absence, the pain will torment over two weeks.
It is believed that this form is caused by bacteria. Characterized by the appearance of aft (ulcers of regular shape with sharp edges, which are covered by a muddy film on the contour you can see the red rim). How long does stomatitis depends on the shape of the disease. It can be both acute and chronic.
- Acute aphthous stomatitis the more vulnerable children, which often occurs diathesis or there are problems in the functioning of the gastrointestinal tract. In this form, the body temperature rises, increases the production of secretions of the salivary glands. With adequate treatment after 7-10 days the disease gives way to a full recovery.
- In chronic disease of the salivary glands do not grow or cause pain. Periodically the mucous membrane are formed of a single aphthae. After 5-10 days, they either heal or turn into ulcers.
The first penetration of the herpes virus in the body is often accompanied by the occurrence of stomatitis. The signs of penetration of the virus into the body:
- the fever can last up to 40⁰С within a few days;
- there is pain in the muscles;
- oral mucosa is red and flowing;
- the mucous membrane form vesicles filled with fluid;
- lymph nodes are enlarged, sore when touched.
In severe disease require hospitalization.
Often, the herpes virus enters the body in 2-3 years, because at this time no longer work antibodies transmitted by the mother. The virus adapted to the environment, transmitted by airborne droplets and by contact-household, and therefore easily penetrates into the body of a child.
Symptoms if untreated subside 12-15 a day, but the bacterial infection remains in the mouth.
There are two forms of chronic herpetic stomatitis:
- easy. Relapses occur 1-2 times per year, while the mouth sores are a little;
- heavy. Rashes appear more than 6 times a year, a lot of ulcers mucosa is inflamed and swollen, increased salivation.
In order to speed up recovery the doctor will prescribe antivirals (e.g., Acyclovir) and analgesics and antipyretics.
This type occurs due to the increase of colonies of fungi of the genus Candida. This occurs in connection with a predominance of acidic environment in the mouth is alkaline. This can be caused by inadequate hygiene (stuck in the mouth of food particles provide a breeding environment for the bacteria), problems in the lower parts of the esophagus, intake of antibiotics.
Fungal stomatitis is often called — thrush. It looks like a cheesy white plaque that is easily removed, but the coating are bleeding erosion. If the disease be severe, the possible increase of temperature, increase of salivation and education which restores stomatitis (sores on the lips in the corners of the mouth the so-called zaedy).
The duration of the disease without therapy depends on the age and immunity of the child and can last like a week and a month. If not treated a fungal disease, it can lead to dysbiosis or candidiasis of genitals.
For the treatment assigned to local treatment with a solution of baking soda. This takes the bandage or gauze soaked in the solution (a teaspoon per glass of water), and removed all the plaque. If lesions are extensive, there shall be an antifungal medication. With proper treatment, recovery occurs for 5-7 days.
If the disease is not more than a month, then she moved into a chronic form and the cause of that untimely or inadequate treatment. Chronic stomatitis in children recurs if:
- a weakened immune system (after the disease, as a result of stress, lack of vitamins);
- there is a viral disease;
- exacerbated chronic diseases;
- there has been damage to the mucosa;
- inadequate oral hygiene;
- any damage during tooth brushing (incorrect technique or toothbrush too hard);
- unsanitary conditions or have a habit to pull everything in his mouth, sucking his thumb.
Most often in children in the chronic form passes aphthous stomatitis. Parents should pay more attention, not symptomatic treatment, and the search for the causes of disease which leads to relapse. Need a consultation of specialists: endocrinologist, laryngology, gastroenterologist.
Frequent inflammatory process in the mouth, we also need to consider measures to improve protective functions of the body: to drink a course of vitamins and Immunostimulants, start hardening of the child.
This species is characterized by redness and swelling of the mucosa, it appears red bumps. But it could be a more severe form when mouth sores are formed. The patient feels itching and burning.
Allergic stomatitis is not to be held until blood is taken allergen. To find out what exactly there was such a reaction, after additional testing, prescribed by the allergist.
Each of these forms requires different treatment. Only a specialist can determine the type and prescribe the necessary medications: antibiotics, immune stimulating, antifungal, antiviral, antihistamine. The doctor will take into account not only the form of stomatitis, but how much the symptoms of the disease.
How to speed up recovery
For quick recovery of the mucosa, it is necessary to limit irritants. Parents in the period of the disease need to follow a few rules:
- exclude from the diet of spicy, sour, salty meals;
- to give a rough, hard foods that can cause trauma to the swollen mucosa;
- to monitor the temperature of food: hot irritating cold a little relieve;
- the best option is food, mashed to puree state;
- if the child is hurt, offer him a straw;
- as often as possible to rinse your mouth: after eating, then every 2 hours.
If you experience pain in your mouth, child refuses to eat, becomes lethargic and Moody, worsening sleep. Stomatitis can be cured for 7-14 days. The importance of the individual characteristics of the child’s body, timely treatment to the doctor, complying with all assignments.