How many teeth in a child of 3 years
Many parents are concerned with the question: how many teeth in a child of 3 years should appear? The most complete and detailed response to it can give only a qualified specialist who will carefully consider all features of child development and in parallel will take into account additional factors influencing the formation of dental system of the baby.
What kind of development can be considered the norm
In accordance with dental rules and time limits in children up to three years is the formation of two complete dentitions. Most kids three years has 20 teeth. On the upper and lower jaws symmetrically to each other are 8 incisors, the same number of molars and 4 canines. The order of appearance of milk teeth can be arbitrary.
Late teething is not always a serious pathological disorder. In some cases, a role played by hereditary factors. But to write exclusively for them, the lack of a large number of teeth is also not necessary. The body may simply not enough resources for their eruption. Often this is due to a weakened immune system or the presence of certain chronic diseases, which impede the full development of the dentognathic apparatus.
Deviations from the norm, to which you should pay special attention
Despite the fact that each child develops at their own individual schedule, parents must keep control of this whole process. In three years your baby’s mouth has 20 teeth. If the teeth grow very slowly and their number does not meet even the approximate time of eruption, then consult a dentist will help to resolve all doubts concerning the oral cavity little patient.
In addition to the absence of teeth, the reason for going to the doctor can serve as the following factors:
|Change the color of tooth enamel.||Yellow plaque is formed on the children’s teeth are most often due to insufficient quality of hygiene. Dark shade of the teeth give not only iron supplementation, but also various deviations that are the result of disease.|
|The appearance of carious spots.||These spots gradually turn into deep cavities, and under the influence of bacteria hard tissues of the tooth are destroyed. One of the reasons of occurrence of caries in children may be the irregularity of hygienic procedures. So caring for little teeth to three years should become a daily ritual. In addition, a growing body expends a lot of energy, so needs constant replenishment. The lack or absence of necessary trace minerals and nutrients also leads to the fact that the teeth become more vulnerable. If the milk teeth caries is not to be ignored, it would subsequently affect the health of permanent teeth.|
|Inflammation of the periodontium.||Damage internal tissues of the tooth is often the result of untreated tooth decay. In periodontitis, the child feels severe pain which may be accompanied by swelling of gums or cheeks.|
|Pulpitis.||This disease is characterized by inflammatory processes occurring in the «heart» of the tooth. There are blood vessels and nerve endings. Cause of pulpitis is neglected caries, so the disease often becomes chronic and with high probability it hits the rudiments of the permanent teeth.|
Anomalies associated with the growth and development of milk teeth
Unfortunately, the children’s age cannot be an obstacle for the occurrence of serious disorders in the dentition. When pathological abrasion of the tooth surface, reduces the amount of hard tissues, enamel gradually becomes thinner, and the tooth ceases to perform its functions. This disease is often congenital, and treatment may need quite a large amount of time.
High concentration of fluoride in drinking water also has a negative impact on dental health. Under its influence the bone tissue is softened, and the enamel appear white spots.
Abnormalities of tooth enamel (hypoplasia) can be caused both by the causes associated with intrauterine development, and other factors. In some cases of hypoplasia is very similar to the carious education, therefore, to distinguish one disease process from another can only doctor. As for the external signs, depending on the extent of damage, relief enamel changes, it becomes uneven because of the appearance of striations.
Temporary occlusion in 3 years not always is a perfectly positioned teeth. Wrong direction of growth of the teeth causes the closure of the upper and lower jaws causes the child some discomfort when eating and communicating. For the correction of these anomalies in orthodontic have special plates, mouthguard and trainers. All of these tools are great for deciduous teeth and when used correctly restore dentition in the shortest possible time.
Treatment and prevention
Young patients special treatment, since to control your emotions at this age is quite problematic. So most of the manipulation in pediatric dentistry carried out with the use of modern anaesthetics. In the early stages of caries successfully treated by fluoridation and remineralization. Extensive affected areas is usually possible to restore the quality of filling materials. In some cases, badly damaged teeth are removed.
In order to avoid serious consequences, dentists are advised to take certain preventive measures. As the child of 2-3 years is already quite capable to imitate the actions of adults, you can inspire daily hygiene by example. When choosing a toothbrush and toothpaste you need to consider not only age criteria, but the General condition of the oral cavity.
Not the last role in formation of dental system is the quality and quantity of the food is eaten. Therefore, the food of the baby should be as healthy and balanced. As soon as the little body begins to lack in any nutrients, this is immediately reflected in its development. And it is very important to promptly provide it with all necessary vitamins and microelements. In the absence of good nutrition this can be done through individually chosen medicines.
Not to worry about how many teeth should be in particular age, should take care of regularly scheduled visits to the dental clinic with a positive experience of working with children. As soon as the kid understands that he has nothing to fear and begin to trust your doctor, preventive examinations will be for him a mere formality.
So how many teeth can be formed in a child in 3 years? Temporary dentition consists of 20 teeth, which at this age already fully erupt in the jaw. Over the next few years they will help the baby to bite and chew food, and then gradually replaced by permanent teeth. Any alarm signals sent by the body, must be heard, preferably by qualified professionals. Early loss of milk teeth can lead to a shift of the entire dentition, therefore, the dentist must evaluate the seriousness of the situation and to advise parents regarding further joint actions.