How to distinguish a tooth from a root

Parents whose children are at the age of 6 years, need to know how to distinguish the tooth from a root. Change of the bite is a natural process in the body, every child in the process of growing up takes place this stage. But not every change goes, therefore, to control the process and to avoid serious problems, you need to understand the difference between first molars and dairy. For this you need to understand the nature of both.

The first bite

Baby teeth are formed in gums of a child while in the womb. They erupt much later — since the age of 6 months. Often the appearance of the first elements of the future of the jaw associated with certain physical activity of the child first attempts to stand and walk. The appearance of the first incisors can deliver discomfort to the child, sometimes a fever or inflamed gums.

Surprisingly, already during the first bite in the gums develop the beginnings of permanent! That’s why parents should pay close attention to the health of the oral cavity. Obsolete statements that milk teeth need not be treated, because they still fall out, can lead to undesirable consequences. Deep caries will not only create extremely painful, but can lead to damage or impaired development of the rudiments of a molar tooth located in the gums.

Enamel dairy components of the jaw is much thinner and weaker than the regular, so the milk molar has a bluish tint and not by a rich white color, as permanent. These molars are more susceptible to treatment, the drill is easy. However, the vulnerability of the enamel leads to easy spread of caries. It happens that the milk teeth of children to rot in their place are black «hemp». Hygiene in primary dentition is very important, parents should as early as possible to teach a child to brush your teeth 2 times a day, you should limit the amount consumed sweets.

Change of the bite

The milk dentition is composed of 20 items, 10 for the upper and lower jaws. First permanent elements appear at the age of 6-7 years simultaneously with the loss of the first milk incisor. First molar the molar’t wait for him to make space, and grows the sixth in a row to the existing row of teeth, extending it. And these molars, which grow once and for all, there are 8-12 pieces. Thus, regardless of the loss of the front of the jaw elements for parents the signal for the eruption of permanent teeth is the appearance of «sixes». Sevens and the so-called «wisdom teeth» also immediately grow to be permanent. So at the beginning of the process of changing the bite the parents to easily identify where some teeth: milk is 20 items in baby’s mouth until the age of six, the indigenous appear additionally, there are sixth, seventh and eighth in the jaw.

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The body provides a mechanism for providing a replacement occlusion. Shallow and fragile roots of the dairy elements of the jaw gradually begin to thin and dissolve in the gum. The cutter is much harder to stay in the hole, and, pushed from below, he slowly gets out of the gums. In order not to delay the process of the emergence of the permanent element of the bite, the children can shake the teeth ready to fall out. Useful in this period to eat solid foods, which will naturally update the occlusion. After the release of the wells of the gums may slightly bleed. Better at this time to refrain from eating for a few hours and to hold the wound sterile fleece. A few hours in the hole formed by the protective tube, which will prevent the penetration of bacteria into the gums.

20 items of occlusion, located in the front part of the jaw, are dairy and have to drop out to make room for permanent. The root element usually appears almost immediately after the fall of his predecessor, because he pushes him out of the gums. In that case, if the dairy cutter did not have time to leave their place, the constant can change the direction of their growth, which further will seriously affect the bite as a whole. The appearance of the indigenous of the cutter to release the wells should immediately contact your dentist. The doctor will remove the delayed item and will determine the measures to correct the growth of a new.

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Distinctive features

Replacement bite occurs gradually and is completed in about 14 years. The exceptions are the third molars, the latest in a series, or as they are called «wisdom teeth». They grow in adulthood from 17 to 21 years later. Often these molars remain under the surface of the gums and not showing on the surface. During the period of active replacement of occlusion parents find it difficult to remember which element of the 20 first changed, and what not. How to identify a milk molar, or root? Help the distinctive features of the temporary and permanent molars.

Visual differences deciduous teeth from constant the following:

  • permanent molars have an angle of inclination in relation to the gums, their tops should be pointing in the direction of the cheeks, the temporary stand in the gum directly;
  • permanent parts of the jaw have extensive and deep roots, the temporary roots are shallow and small;
  • have milk at the point of contact with the gums there is a thickening;
  • the provisional crown has a round shape;
  • the milk molar has a blue tint due to the small thickness of the enamel, permanent yellowish color;
  • the neck is the indigenous darker crown;
  • surface of permanent molars differ in that, as a rule, contain 4 tubercle necessary for successful chewing of food.

In that case, if visually determine the type of tooth is not possible, it is recommended to make an x-ray of the jaw. For example, the permanent upper molar will have a triple root, which will go deep into the periosteum.

In the area of the deciduous root cutter to the replacement period will be viewed as a rudiment of the indigenous. The root will be thinned and small. The appearance of a permanent element of the jaw may be delayed, but in this case a milk tooth is still easy to identify by the features of the root. To pull out a baby tooth when no permanent element in the gums is not recommended, you need to maintain it in a healthy condition. Conversely, if the constant element is already formed in the jaw, and the temporary does not fall, it may be necessary to remove.

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It is possible that the milk tooth fell out, and the constant does not get out within a few months. In this case, the molars under pressure from each other and from the process of chewing food starts to move in the free space. The bite changes, the space may disappear completely, but for a growing molars no space and it will also grow in the wrong place. The problem can be solved with the help of prosthetics.

Permanent occlusion

In the permanent dentition of an adult of 32 elements, and each of them really clings to the gums and the periosteum through the roots, diverging in different directions. Due to this structure, the roots of molars is able to withstand significant load when chewing. Caries in the enamel of the permanent molars will grow more slowly than milk. But in the dentist’s office will need much more time to drill a hole and put the filling. It should be noted that when the molar has just appeared, the enamel has a tiny, and only with time it thickens. Therefore, in the period of eruption must be especially careful to monitor the hygiene of the oral cavity.


Unlike deciduous teeth from permanent is to ensure that they perform their functions temporarily. Therefore, the temporary occlusion more vulnerable to diseases and requires a responsible attitude and care. You need to remember that a beautiful smile in adulthood will largely depend on the health of milk occlusion and right past the process of change.