Hygiene of the oral cavity: cleaning and care

Pharmacies hygiene of the oral cavity are abundant, which causes difficulty in selecting the most appropriate option. How to choose the right tools to care for the oral cavity, read this article.

Why brush your teeth

Healthy teeth and gums is not only a beautiful smile and fresh breath, but also the opportunity to safely consume all the foods (cold, hot, sour, hard), the right face shape, reducing the burden on the gastrointestinal tract. Although tooth enamel is the strongest tissue in the human body, but even she is not able to resist the ravages of pathogenic micro-organisms. Unfortunately, teeth are not capable of regeneration (restoration) and even the root, which are replacing milk, fall ill, if not carried out thorough hygiene.

All dental diseases can be divided into carious and non-carious lesions of teeth. The first reason is bacteria, waste products which destroy the enamel, the second result from genetic predisposition, abnormalities in the formation and mineralization rudiments, systemic diseases, trauma. In order to destroy pathogenic microorganisms people should carry out daily a complex of hygienic procedures that do not take more than 15 minutes. To take care of the teeth help principal and supplementary means of oral hygiene.

Basic tools

Basic hygiene products used for cleansing the oral cavity. The most necessary and indispensable tool which will help clean the teeth from harmful bacteria and stuck food particles that toothbrush, gel or paste.

Toothpaste is divided into two kinds: hygienic and medical. They differ in composition, quality components, price.

Hygienic toothpaste needs to freshen breath and remove soft plaque. The product includes perfume, foaming agent and abrasive. The larger granules of the abrasive, the better they remove plaque, but if they are too large, it can scratch the enamel. Hygienic pastes using chalk or silica as abrasive.

In treatment-and-prophylactic paste composition greatly expanded and it is designed to solve a certain problem, for example:

  • to reduce the sensitivity of teeth (contains salts of calcium or strontium, which clog the tubules, thereby protecting the nerve from the stimulus. The rate of abrasion should not exceed 75 RDA);
  • to strengthen tooth enamel (due to the high content of fluorine or calcium is mineralization of enamel);
  • reduce bleeding and inflammation of gums (in the paste is added to the aluminum lactate, vegetable components);
  • bleach (consisting of products especially large abrasive particles (RDA до200) or components that can break down soft plaque, for example, papain, urea peroxide, sodium bicarbonate).

There are therapeutic and prophylactic pastes, which are approved for long term use (as a rule, strengthen tooth enamel), those that apply to courses up to 14 days or one-time. Contained in the hygiene of the oral cavity, the antibiotic kills not only pathogenic microorganisms, but also useful, as a result of disturbed microflora in the oral cavity. If long time to use whitening toothpaste, the abrasive can scratch the enamel. Toothpaste against bleeding hides the symptom but does not address the cause of the disease, so it progresses, but without obvious signs.

Medicinal paste should be chosen individually depending on the problems that have arisen, to be used according to the instructions. For children made special toothpastes with low fluoride content and with a minimum of additives, because children sometimes swallow it. The better to brush your teeth, tell the dentist examined the oral cavity and identify potential problems.

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It is desirable that the means to care for the oral cavity does not contain parabens, sodium lauryl sulfate and propylene glycol, because they have a negative impact on the body. Means care of teeth on the basis of fluorine can act only through three minutes after contact with saliva. Therefore, even high quality and expensive pasta, washed away from the teeth in a minute, will not give a positive effect.

Toothbrush another tool without which it is impossible to brush your teeth, this toothbrush. The first thing to look for when choosing this stiffness of bristles. The stiffer the bristles, the more effectively will leave deposits on the teeth and injured gums. The soft brush is recommended for people who have delicate enamel or periodontal disease, hard are suitable for perfectly healthy teeth and gums, and the average stiffness is considered to be universal. Modern brushes are made of synthetic materials because natural bacteria multiply rapidly.

Not only is it important you clean your teeth, but how regularly to do it. Plaque is formed after a couple of hours after cleaning it daily and if not removed, it is mineralized and becomes a stone which can be removed only by the dentist.

Different toothbrushes and form. The best option is one in which the sides are long bristles, and in the center short. This brush is better to clean the interdental space. A brush in which the bristles are on one level, suitable for people with a perfect bite.

Monopikovy brush is recommended for those who can’t brush their teeth because of severe pain of the gums. With this tool you clean each tooth separately, which takes about half an hour. The most suitable head size for those who have no gum problems, this is an exciting 2-3 tooth.

There are brushes and electrical, which make both rotational and vibrational motion, which simplifies the cleaning of the teeth to people with disabilities.

It is important to follow not only the timely replacement of the brush and method of its application. Improper tooth brushing technique can develop a wedge-shaped defect and bleeding gums.

Additional hygiene products

Additional funds for care of teeth include:

  1. scrapers for the language;
  2. floss;
  3. thread;
  4. brush;
  5. rinses and gels;
  6. irrigators.


Toothpick is probably the most widely used additional means of hygiene. It can help to remove food debris from interdental spaces, periodontal pockets, carious cavity. Toothpicks can be made of wood, plastic, rubber, bone, sharpened on one or both sides, having round, oval, flat shape. Sometimes as toothpicks are also handy tools like matches or even the needle. Dentists recommend very carefully use a toothpick because they can injure the gums.


Dental floss is an indispensable means of hygiene, which is intended to clean from plaque and food particles lateral surface of the teeth where no toothbrush can go. The thread is sold in special packaging that allows it to remain sterile even after it was unpacked. It is assumed that the person each time the food spends floss cleaning interdental spaces, the wound on the index fingers floss ends and leaving between them a working surface. For each tooth using a new section of the thread, otherwise the infection can spread throughout the oral cavity.

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Filaments can be natural (silk) or synthetic material. Artificial filament stronger. The range is dental floss impregnated with a fluoride compound, menthol, or antiseptic. There are threads, which swell when wet and thereby provide a more snug fit to the tooth surface. Waxed thread (wax-impregnated) is recommended for those who are just learning to use this tool, they are more safe. Nevedenie better remove bacterial film. Floss can consist of a single filament or of several intertwined that exfoliate and increase productivity.

When choosing dental floss, dentifrice, one must take into account the width of the space between the masticatory organs, the lower the respectively, and less than the diameter of the filament.

At the initial application stage may be a slight bleeding gums, but after a week of use floss it must pass. Otherwise the reason is not a new means of individual hygiene for the oral cavity and the technique of its use. The thread should slide solely on the side surface of the tooth and do not touch the gingival papilla.

To clean teeth those who have fixed braces or dentures, it is recommended to use superfloss. It differs from an ordinary thread that has elastic end that you can easily stick between the teeth.

Brushes for the teeth

That is intended for cleaning interdental spaces which cannot get to the thread. It under the braces and under bridges, dentures, and gaps between the implants. The main difficulty is to select the proper diameter brush. Since the gaps between the teeth are different, requires some such means of individual hygiene (3 to 5). To find the correct size, the dentist will help. Brushes differ in stiffness of the bristles.

Usage: the brush slides between the teeth and done a few movements back and forth, then it is washed under running water.


Scrapers are needed to remove the bacterial plaque from the tongue surface. It accumulated bacteria on the tongue cause bad breath. A scraper must be used after brushing your teeth, movements are made from the root to the tip. Most people at the start of application of the scraper appears strong enough gag reflex, but eventually it passes.

On most toothbrushes on the reverse side there is a raised rubberized trim, it is also possible to clean the tongue. However, the scrapers manufacturers claim that their means of hygiene provides better cleaning due to the tight contact to the mucosa.


Irrigators are devices that feed high pressure water jet. It is used to clean teeth in hard to reach places. In addition to water irrigator can pour the broth based on vegetable components, saline solution.

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The mouthwash for oral cavity, as well as pasta, can be hygienic and therapeutic. First give the breath of freshness, the second are designed to deal with a specific pathology. The composition includes biologically active ingredients: sodium fluoride, tin fluoride, ksidifon, extracts of medicinal plants.

Anti-caries rinses contain sodium fluoride, they are highly recommended to use it after the pastes based on calcium.

Rinses with antibiotics (triclosan, chlorhexidine, hexetidine) and plant extracts designed to combat inflammation and destroy pathogens. Amino helps with tooth sensitivity, and papain soften the plaque. Means rinse your mouth for one minute, then spit out the liquid. It is advisable not to drink during the hour.

Cleaning of structures in the oral cavity

A particular challenge delivers cleaning of structures in the oral cavity. When correcting malocclusion using braces, it is recommended to use toothbrushes with multilevel bristles and monopikovye and brushes. Some manufacturers offer kits to clean braces, for example, Рresident, Piave Dental Care. Help clean the locks and irrigators.

When cleaning the fixed prosthesis, it is recommended to use a soft brush, which does not traumatize the mucous, and renders massage effect. For dentures designed double sided brush: for cleaning the outside of the prosthesis used a zig-zag bristles, with internal rounded. Dentures once a week to soak in the liquid, which adds special disinfecting tablets.

There are traditional methods of preparation of toothpastes and means for teeth whitening. According to the lovers of folk medicine, for cleaning you can use charcoal, salt, dry milk, crushed calamus root or oak bark.

To whiten enamel are advised to use activated charcoal, baking soda with lemon juice. Of course, use a homemade paste in the presence of dental problems are advised to go to a qualified dentist. They not only will not help but will worsen the situation, damaging the enamel and gums. But as a Supplement to the main treatment, your doctor may recommend you rinse your mouth decoctions and infusions based on herbs that have a disinfectant, anti-inflammatory, hemostatic properties.

Means of individual hygiene of the oral cavity should be replaced periodically because they accumulate microorganisms. So, it is recommended to change the brush after three months, and brush after weeks of use. Do not forget that the hygiene of the oral cavity should be selected taking into account characteristics of malocclusion and dental abnormalities. You should not use whitening toothpaste to clean milk teeth.