Inflammation of the tooth: symptoms and treatment inflammation of tooth root

Neglected tooth decay is often the reason that sooner or later there is inflammation of the tooth — the channel and accordingly the root system. The danger is the prospect of losing a diseased tooth, if the infection managed to spread significantly may be affected and the nearby bone tissue. Therefore timely treatment if you suspect this disease is half the battle.

The cause of the inflammatory process

Inflammation of the tooth root is a complication of pulpitis, which some patients prefer to ignore despite the accompanying pain. When the infection destroys the pulp completely, the roots is no protection, the result is the emergence of periapicales of abscess, cyst.

Inflamed teeth roots can for several reasons — in addition to infection, trapped inside because of tooth decay, is an abuse of good oral hygiene and mouth, and mechanical injuries of different nature (a shock, injury, dislocation of the jaw bones, other injuries).

Causes of infectious periodontitis

We will look at why there is inflammation of the tooth root of an infectious nature, and this is due to the following factors:

Delayed appeal to the specialist with pulpitis. If the bacteria have managed to penetrate deep enough, not always possible to completely remove the remnants and the seal is no longer saves.
Failure to follow rules care for the crown. If the pulpitis is diagnosed and carried out appropriate treatment, but the patient, for example, eats solid food, it moves the element, bacteria get caught under it.
Poor treatment of pulpitis. The inflammatory process may start due to the violation of the specialist techniques of laying the filling material or its poor quality. Damage to the pulp when grinding for a crown can also cause pathological process.
Use in the treatment of pulpitis with some drugs. For example, arsenic can cause a similar complication.
Marginal periodontitis. For this type of disease is typical of the spread of harmful micro-organisms directly to the root, with no caries crowns.

Causes of traumatic periodontitis

In this case, the inflammation of the tooth root can be triggered by poor sealing, causing the load on the molar uneven. There are also following causes:

  1. The anguish of the neurovascular bundle. In the result of injury raises the mobility of the molars;
  2. Dislocation of the tooth. This usually occurs during the occupation by active sports, because of the traumatic work activities;
  3. Naglasena root. The reason may be negligent treatment specialist with the dental instruments;
  4. Mechanical injury.
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To understand that you have an inflamed tooth can be, above all, painful sensations in the region of a particular molar. They are usually characterized by a gradual increase of intensity, then there is temporary relief. Additional symptoms depending on the form of the disease, the degree of destruction of the periodontium and some other factors, are the following:

  • Constant pain in the tooth. When exposed to (pressure tapping) sensations, present a reaction to cold, hot temperature;
  • Bleeding gums and swelling is the consequence of defective treatment of gingivitis;
  • Bad breath, which provoke micro-organisms penetrating into the bone and gingival tissue;
  • The pus inside the canal of the tooth. This picture is in poor condition — inflammation of the molar urgently need to open;
  • The beginning of the inflammatory process of the bone tissue of the tooth.

Sometimes when you need to diagnose inflammation of the tooth root, the symptoms may for a long time, do currently not to say. It is also possible to increase body temperature, increase in submandibular, facial lymph nodes.

Forms of the disease

There are two forms of this condition and the treatment of inflammation of the root of the tooth depends on how this process has had time to develop. During the acute stage there is a good opportunity to start therapy on time to prevent negative consequences, but it is impossible to determine by x-ray the presence of cysts, abscess. It is important to prevent transition of diseases into a chronic form, when there will be a high risk of loss of molars, as well as more serious trouble for the patient.

The acute form is characterized by a sharp spasmodic pain, soreness has strong analgesics, but they bring short-term relief.

Further there is suppuration of the soft tissues, there is high fever, swelling, deterioration of health, loss of appetite, the roots of the teeth are formed cysts, may develop a gumboil.

In the chronic form the pain and discomfort cause not much concern, there is a false sense of improvement. If not treated inflammation, it is possible to expect the appearance of cysts, fistulas, abscesses, and other pus formations, appears concerned an unpleasant smell, the taste in my mouth.

The main therapeutic measures

Depending on how much time to develop inflammation at the root of the tooth, the treatment is appropriate. Independently efficiently deal with the disease you do not get the necessary skilled care, home is possible only temporarily to relieve pain and gently improve your condition.

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Therapy for acute inflammation

Acute inflammation of the root of the tooth requires immediate professional help. For pain first, introduced:

  1. anesthetic compounds;,
  2. then removed decayed portions of the tooth;
  3. if the inflammatory process managed to affect the pulp, it is necessary to remove around the root portion;
  4. next, you need to thoroughly clean the channel, wash it with special solutions, put the medicine on top put temporary filling.

If after all manipulations no longer hurts the root of the tooth and the inflammation disappears in three days you can put a constant seal. To control condition is an x-ray.

Treatment of chronic inflammation

When it is necessary to resolve chronic inflammation of the tooth, treatment is similar to treatment of acute. Is necessarily performed in local anesthesia, the canals are cleaned, washed with antiseptic solution. Further includes the medication, temporary filling is set. A few days later performed the x-ray to figure out what to do in the next phase.

If confirmed by the positive result of the therapy, again it is the clean channel, then it is placed in preparation containing calcium hydroxide.

A few months check, if the treatment did not help, removed the damaged areas of the root, and surrounding tissues. Sometimes, if the tooth continues to become inflamed, it is necessary to resort to a complete extraction of the molar.

Therapy with antibiotics

When the patient inflamed root of a tooth, a specialist in any form of disease treatment with antibiotics. This is done to speedily resolve the infection in the body and recovery. Specific drug and dosage is chosen by the dentist individually, alone it can not be done.


Quite often inflammation of the root apex of the tooth is assigned to Metronidazole, the treatment is on average two weeks. Additionally prescribed another antibiotic, this may be Clindamycin.

Homemade recipes to relieve inflammation

If at the moment you can’t visit the dentist, you need to know how to remove an inflammation of a tooth in the home and to alleviate their condition. To teeth stopped hurting and disappeared other symptoms of periodontitis, try these safe remedies.

Homemade recipes:

A solution of iodine and salt. This will help for a while when pus — take half a teaspoon of salt, a few drops of iodine and dissolve it in a glass of warm water. Use the gargle as often as possible during the day, but do not swallow it.
Potassium permanganate. Make a glass of this solution of the powder so that the color was a pale pink color, use no more than four times per day.
Onion compress. Squeeze out the onion juice, soak a cotton ball to them and apply it to the diseased area, the session should not be too long not to cause irritation of the oral mucosa.
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Also, if you have sore roots of teeth, try the alcohol tincture of propolis, garlic or aloe, herbal teas.

How to behave after treatment

How to treat periodontitis, you need to rely on a specialist and comply with regulations. But it is a complex disease and not all depends on the professionalism of the dentist. For example, if the roots are at least slightly curved, a full cleaning would be impossible, so is the risk of recurrence of the situation.

And to prevent this from happening, be sure to carefully follow the oral hygiene, take care of the teeth from any damage. If there was any trauma, be sure to visit a specialist to rule out the worst case scenario.

When you want to delete

Unfortunately, the periodontitis cure is not always possible, if the status is running and with the tooth nothing more can be done, it is extraction.

There are the following requirements:

  • Tooth decay by more than 60%;
  • The presence of large abscess, if the size is greater than 6 mm;
  • The risk of recurrent abscesses;
  • Significant carious destruction of tooth with complete loss of alveolar ridge;
  • The presence of in-channel debris, which is impossible to remove, so it is impossible to reveal;
  • The very rapid spread of the inflammatory process across the jaw;
  • The lack of positive dynamics with complete therapy of the periodontitis;
  • Complete loss of the affected molar sustainability.