Lump on mouth causes, treatment
Lump on mouth causes can have numerous. She looks like a seal or soft ball, bubble, node. Much pain in most cases, when this does not happen, but the discomfort is felt while eating, talking. These bumps in your mouth on the sky in the medicine are called growths on the mucous membrane, the exact cause is not clear, one can only speak of predisposing factors. Such education can be benign or malignant in nature, so consultation would be necessary.
Tumor in the sky can develop from the epithelial, adipose, connective tissue, blood vessels. The danger of any such education that there is a risk of rebirth, even if minimal. In 90% of cases resulting lump in the mouth is angioma. Further, the frequency is a cyst, myxoma, pemphigus and cancer.
The etiology of the phenomenon
When a lump is detected in the mouth, causes it it is impossible to ascertain — the scientists still is not found. But identified triggers:
- the abuse of alcohol;
- injury to the mucosa of the sky in the form of cuts or scratches with a subsequent infection or acute trauma during the tooth removal;
- disproportionate dentures or crowns;
- sore throat;
- moved flu;
- poorly installed or poorly processed seal the tooth.
Often provoke the appearance of bumps on the sky can and insufficient sanitation of the oral cavity: the residue of food eaten is deposited not only on the crown of the tooth but in the gums and palate.
In children the cause of the bumps can be intrauterine disorders of the mucosa. Angiomas can also develop after suffering acute sinusitis, pulpitis, tonsillitis immunocompromised persons. Inflammation of the salivary glands can often cause the cysts.
Diagnosis No. 1
Angioma is more often congenital, but may appear due to precipitating factors. It is a benign vascular tumor and may also increase the growing vessels. Is formed by the extension of existing or new vessels — hemangioma. It often precedes the development of oral cavity ulcers. In such cases, it becomes painful. If the angioma grows from the lymphatic vessels, which happens rarely, she is called lymphangiomas.
Hemangioma is characterized blue-red. The tumor itself is dense, it collapsed into a tailspin vessels, they expanded cylindrically — this is a simple angioma. If they expanded as a horizontal cavity is cavernous, or cavernous hemangioma, here diseases of veins and endothelium. She has a dark Burgundy color and is similar to the swelling, its surface hilly. When pressed hemangioma bleeding is its main feature. Particularly different in this regard cavernous angioma in the cavernous cavity is constantly supplied with blood from narrow arteries, it grows and is constantly sick.
Lymphangioma less visible and has a yellowish color. The bump may be smooth or rough, if it consists of small bubbles. Education is filled with lymph, at the opening of the vial colorless. Symptoms does not happen with small tumor size. The growth of the mouth a foreign body sensation, swallowing food and liquids becomes difficult. If the tumor has grown to the vocal cords, the voice becomes hoarse. Mouth almost always there is the taste of blood, may cause cough. The main symptom of the angioma — spotting from it when pressed. If the pain rests in itself, this suggests the involvement of healthy tissue. This can disrupt the function of respiration, swallowing.
Lymphangioma not bleeding, but it may result in the growth of laryngeal edema and respiratory failure. Any type of angioma should be removed. Various methods of treatment: the tumor can enter 70° alcohol for sclerosing of the tumor, then the inflammation is reduced, dissolves and the tumor size is reduced due to the termination of its growth. At small sizes, use the removal galvanocaustic loop or cryotherapy. The tumor is removed and a scalpel, but after that left scars. Lymphangioma punctured and sucked their contents. Angiomas malignancy is rare.
The Diagnosis Of No2
Cyst — a dense painless round red lump on the sky, can reach 12 mm. In the mouth in the sky, it can be placed around the tooth, which can engage in the process. Occurs when pathology of the salivary glands. If their ducts become clogged, appear cavities, which transformirovalsya in the cysts. They interfere with speaking and eating. The risk of cysts in the possibility of their infection and the transition to an abscess. They are removed under local anesthesia only with surgical removal (other methods are ineffective).
Produce the excision of the cyst together with its shell, otherwise it will relapse. If inside the cyst there is pus, drain it. During the operation there is a risk of damage to the facial nerve can cause paralysis of the facial muscles.
Pemphigus — when it is observed stratification of the epidermal layer of innate nature, and there are small bumps on the sky. Detected the disease in childhood and remains for life, is associated with lowered immunity. May develop as a complication of tooth decay. This disease is the destruction of epidermal cells (bullosa), a place which is filled with liquid. The bubbles are constantly growing and reaching a certain size, burst. In their place appear first eroded, they are replaced by ulcers. They are covered with an easily removable film and will not heal spontaneously. It threatens a secondary infection, resulting in sores, pus appears.
Bumps — it’s the bubbles red with a white center in the middle. While my mouth is always sore and there is a stench, is actively developing caries. May have a fever and go septic, the patient weakens.
For the diagnosis of conduct definition of the syndrome Nikolsky — while epithelial cells do not have connection. Treatment is antibiotic and hormone — corticosteroids: Prednisone, Dexamethasone, Cortisone. If no effect is prescribed a blood transfusion, hemosorbtion, plasmapheresis. The oral cavity treated with antiseptics from the diet completely removed salt and foods enriched in proteins. If erosion not eliminated, the stratification of the epidermis proceeds to other sites.
Myxoma — bumpy lump on the upper sky in the form of a solid white ulcers. She is also a benign, rare, mostly middle-aged women. It can develop after an untreated pathologies in the oral cavity or be inherited.
Develops from the remnants of mesenchyme, flexible, movable. The cut consists of stellate cell — walls, between which there is mucoid tissue with mucin. For the diagnosis is carried out x-ray or puncture of the tumor. Treatment is only surgical, under General anesthesia. The lump itself is removed with the capture and part healthy tissue. Pathology are prone to relapses. Radiotherapy and chemotherapy are not effective.
Cancer is can be cylindroma, adenokistoznaya carcinoma. They occur rarely. Growths can invade their cells into the surrounding tissue. First, there are colorless spots, which gradually condensed, appear in the papillary outgrowths or knotted shape. In the first stage, the tumor lacks healthy tissue. Second, the growth of the tumor in 2 times. Third, the process involved lymph nodes. Fourth, the tumor metastasizes. First, the bump resembles the outgrowths are constantly growing, they are dense to the touch. Then there are other symptoms:
- a permanent bad taste in my mouth and the stench;
- sore mouth radiating to the head, ears, temple, throat;
- there is an increased salivation.
Only the tumor is removed surgically with the use of radiation and chemotherapy.
On the hard palate may occur papillomas. They consist of stratified squamous epithelium, similar to rounded protrusion of the mucous membrane. The surface may be smooth but often has papillary growths resembling cauliflower. Over time, the surface stratum and they become whitish and rough. The growth of these formations is called HPV. Treatment it is surgical.
Gland Serra are infants, more often in girls. The usual localization — alveolar processes of the upper sky. Often multiple, ranging in size from 1 mm to 4 mm, hemispherical, yellowish education. Develop from subaortalnogo epithelium, painless. By the end of the first year of life disappear spontaneously without treatment.
Diagnosis of tumors is always pre-inspection and palpation at the reception. Then, whenever the tumor in the sky, you must assign an x-ray, puncture the buds and the study of material taken. When hemangioma palpation leads to the fact that the lump is first reduced in size, then again takes his form. An additional method of diagnosis can become the cultures of smear from the surface of the sky.
Principles of treatment
Many who finds a lump in the sky, I think its just a pimple and try to squeeze. This will necessarily lead to infection. Sometimes you accidentally bite the pathological formation in the sky. It is in this case empty, but then again filled with its contents, while increasing in size. To treat the bumps on the sky need only radical, ie to operate. In the simple angiom doctor may prescribe a course of special drugs under the scheme without the intervention of surgeons.
It is important to know when cavernous angiom treatment is only surgical. The tumor is removed together with the mucosa, and is superimposed seam.
If the hemangioma has a foot, apply cryotherapy. After the tumor is slowly dying and being destroyed. It is also possible layer-by-layer removal of the tumor with a laser. The procedure is performed quickly, without blood and pain.
Practiced treatment of angioma by its puncture followed by aspiration of the contents. Then the mouth is constantly rinsed with antiseptic solutions (Stomatofit, Furatsilin, Chlorhexidine, Rotokan) or decoction of herbs (chamomile, sage, oak bark). For cancer of the palate prescribe chemotherapy, radiotherapy, and sclerotherapy.
Some of the details of treatment
In the treatment of formations in the sky used the following methods:
- surgical excision;
- laser treatment;
- the radio wave method;
- electrocoagulation and sclerotherapy.
Galvanocaustic loop is used to remove tumors on a narrow stalk. After treatment of mouth anesthetics applied on the leg loop, tighten and flow through it current. Loop when it heats up and the tumor is annealed. In the postoperative period prescribe rinsing the mouth with antiseptics and prescribe anti-inflammatory drugs.
Cryotherapy, despite the number of advantages, is used relatively rarely, because the method gives burns on the surrounding tissue. There is no way to control the zone of action of liquid nitrogen.
Electrocoagulation is used in a broad base of the tumor. Is applied an alternating current of high frequency. Tumor cells after thermal treatment die.
Complication of bumps on the sky:
- strengthening of tooth decay and loss of teeth;
- discomfort when eating;
- loss of taste;
- bleeding of the oral cavity;
- cellulitis and abscesses;
- infection of angiomas;
- rebirth of lymphangioma to lymphosarcoma with metastases in the lymph nodes.
Prevention is the rejection of bad habits in Smoking and drinking alcohol, proper diet. Excessive sun exposure can affect not only the skin but also internal organs and the oral cavity, so sunbathing is less. If on the sky appeared any education, do not delay your visit to the doctor. Only he will be able to find the cause and prescribe an appropriate treatment.