My jaw hurts on the left side
Pain in any part of the body are alarming, especially if my jaw hurts on the left side or on the opposite, because in this case the person not only difficult to chew and swallow, but also to talk, to smile.
The main provoking pain in the jaw area factors
The reasons for such discomfort can be many and sometimes pain in the jaw left or right signal about the very dangerous diseases, including cancer. The majority of patients who are faced with this problem, in a hurry with a visit to the dentist, but not always, pain in the jaw suggests it is a problems with their teeth.
Most often, discomfort in this part of the body is the result of inflammatory or infectious diseases, various injuries and pathologies of the peripheral vessels and nerves, the formation of tumors. Thus, pain in the left and(or) the right side of the face is a sign of underlying disease of not only the jaws but also of ENT-organs, lymph nodes, masticatory muscles, tongue and gums, nervous system. Only a thorough diagnosis will help to detect the cause and to prevent possible complications that can take place in certain diseases.
Dental causes of pain in the area of the jaws
Malocclusion is often the cause of discomfort in the jaw area when chewing or talking. Any orthodontist visually to determine whether the problems, but to clarify the diagnosis should be made through this modern method, as a panoramic image of teeth, allowing to see the entire dentition as a whole. Pain of this nature can occur in children during the formation of the permanent dentition, and adolescents.
If confirmed malocclusion, the wearing of plates or braces will fix it, and the pain will disappear by themselves. But the wearing of orthodontic appliances, including braces, can provoke unpleasant sensations in the jaws, even if the patient was not complaining. The orthodontist will tell about this opportunity. Often the discomfort in the jaw area accompanied by a headache, and unsteadiness of the teeth. The latter is especially worried patients, but this symptom indicates that the treatment is performed correctly and the bite is corrected. Unpleasant sensations disappear as the correction of pathology.
People who have resorted to dentures, pain accompany the beginning of wearing them, as the jaw is not accustomed to design. But if the situation does not change after a few weeks, be sure to consult with your dentist: you may have the correction or replacement of the prosthesis.
Adults and children can feel the pain of different intensity, which occurs because of abnormalities of the teeth (running caries, pulpitis, periodontitis). The distribution of pain on the jaw area shows that the problem started, and it should quickly go to the dentist to avoid more serious complications.
Pain as a result of injuries
Maxillofacial surgeon often get patients who have suffered facial injuries. The stronger the trauma, the more intense the pain expressed. Minor injury soft tissue when bone is not affected, is accompanied by severe pain, bruising or swelling. These symptoms can go by themselves after a few days, but an x-ray to exclude damage to the bone, it is still necessary.
Other complex injury is a sprain. It can occur as a result of the strike, and with a sharp opening of a mouth even when the person is heavily laughed. Such injuries accompany lovers teeth to open cover and cap, cleaned the nuts, especially in the presence of the disease in the joints: arthritis, rheumatism or gout.
At the time of dislocation it is possible to feel a click, after which there is a sharp pain in the lower jaw and temporomandibular joint. That was such trouble, as a dislocation, demonstrated by the fact that man can’t close his mouth, and with the smallest effort is experiencing unbearable pain. The lower jaw can move forward and be skewed to one side. The speech does not give the victim even explain what happened to him. About the full swallowing may not be out of the question, so the saliva is abundantly secreted from the mouth.
The surgeon determines the dislocation visually, manually reduce it immediately to alleviate the suffering of the patient, but the test image is done to exclude a fracture that is the most difficult consequence of the injury.
At the turn of the jaw on the injured side may hurt so much that you need painkillers. Any fracture, even without displacement requires immediate medical attention.
If diagnosed by x-ray displacement, the doctor will perform surgery and install a tire. Aching pain after healing of fractures can indicate that the cervix has been damaged or the ligaments of the teeth and gums retainer wire. Sometimes there is a re-fracture or displaced fragments, which causes pain, swelling and hemorrhage. Prolonged pain suggests that the injury process was nerve damage. In some cases, may require re-operation.
Purulent-inflammatory diseases as a cause of jaw pain
Diseases of this nature can provoke pathological processes in soft tissues (cellulitis, abscesses, furuncles) and bone tissue (osteomyelitis). When boils are purulent foci on the skin, which eliminates any other disease. With proper treatment, the ulcers disappear and the pain goes away by itself. But to make self-treatment is not recommended as it is fraught with the penetration of infection into the brain.
The phlegmon and (or) abscesses are the most susceptible to soft tissue areas of the language and floor of the mouth, the patient complains of acute pain in the jaw or beneath it because of the lymph nodes, swelling in the face and elevated body temperature. Peritonsillar abscess is a complication of tonsillitis and is determined by the location on both sides of the tonsils.
Pain in pathological processes in the area of the temporomandibular joint
In case of arthrosis, arthritis and joint dysfunction jaw pain on one or both sides extends to the ear and very rarely have only ear pain, due to which the problem can be confused with otitis media. The pathological process can never disappear without treatment, and in some cases spreads very quickly.
For osteoarthritis is characterized by:
- constant aching pain;
- cracking, or noise accompanying the movement in the jaw area;
- a significant increase in intense pain when chewing, swallowing when he opens his mouth;
- morning stiffness of the joint.
Diagnosis of osteoarthritis can only dental surgeon through x-rays because of this set of symptoms characteristic of other diseases, including for arthritis.
Arthritis pain is characterized by a different intensity: mild discomfort gives way to a painful night pain. The affected joint crunching and noise, he’s numb in the morning. The correct diagnosis is easily installed with the help of x-rays.
Different kinds of injuries, inflammation, malocclusion can cause dysfunction of the temporomandibular joint in which the pain occurs when the patient chews, yawns, impact teeth, and calm retreats. In this condition the pain experienced in the temple, forehead or cheek, jaw movements hampered constantly, at the slightest movement there is a click. Diagnosis is the same as arthritis and arthrosis.
Tumors of the maxillofacial area
This is the most dangerous of the reasons why my jaw hurts on one or both sides. The difficulty lies in the fact that in the initial stages of the pathological process pain syndrome may be absent at all, which immediately brings the patient to the doctor’s office. Chronic pain in most cases indicate that the disease started. Tumors of the jaw can be benign or malignant.
Among benign tumors, there are:
- osteoid osteoma (tumor is growing so quickly that it could be seen in time, accompanied by night pain, but with the growth of the neoplasm causes a strong asymmetry of the face);
- osteoblastoclastoma (education begins with a faint aching pain with a slight fever, but eventually formed a fistula and curved face);
- adamantinoma (the tumor starts from thickening of the jaw, is growing rapidly and is accompanied by pain, especially when chewing).
All benign tumors are subjected to surgical removal, as interfere with the normal functioning of the body and can develop into malignant tumors, the symptoms are very similar. Often after the operation and conduct of special studies, we can confidently say, benign or malignant tumor was removed.
Malignant tumors of the jaws are much rarer than other organs, but the consequences can be severe. This is due to the fact that in the jaw area of many soft tissues and the tumor grows very quickly, especially if it is a tumor of connective tissue (sarcoma), which kills humans for a short time and painlessly. On the contrary, the person should be alerted to the decreased sensitivity of the skin and mucous membranes on the affected side.
Osteogenic sarcoma affects the bone tissue of the mandible and is characterized by a mild severe pain that will not go away for a long time. The positive outcome of the disease depends on how quickly treatment was started and underwent surgery to remove the tumor.
Neurogenic pain in the jaw
When affected, any nerve the facial area, the jaw is almost always reacts pain. When trigeminal neuralgia paroxysmal pain is severe, especially at night. To distinguish the disease from any other location of pain helps only with one hand, and the impossibility of its distribution in the rear part of the jaw.
Neuralgia of the upper laryngeal nerve also gives an intense pain on both sides under the jaw, which can reach even the chest. The pain is worse when chewing and yawning, accompanied by coughing, intense salivation, hiccups.
Neuralgia of the glossopharyngeal nerve associated pain (any movement of them painful), which is given in the lower jaw, pharynx and larynx. Pain short (under 3 minutes), accompanied by a dry mouth. After a bout of intense salivate. When medication does not give the desired effect, use the intersection of the nerve surgically.
Some other causes of jaw pain
Discomfort in the jaw area can cause of the vascular pathology, because it disturbs the flow in this part of the body. These conditions include arteritis of the facial artery and the carotid artery.
In the first case, the pain is of a burning character, occurring on the bottom edge of the chin or the upper lip and nose, that is, at the point of bending of the facial artery. Discomfort may be felt in the eye area.
For pathology of the carotid artery is characterized by pain spreading from the lower jaw under it, in the neck, teeth, ear. Discomfort increases with palpation of the carotid artery. For the treatment of vascular diseases using special drugs.
Under the jaw are the submandibular lymph nodes, which can become inflamed, causing the occurrence of pain (lymphadenitis). A sharp pain accompanied by fever and malaise. On palpation determined enlarged lymph node, it is painful. The disease can quickly become chronic, reminding myself of the periodic complications, and concurrent inflammatory pathologies, which were discussed above. In lymph nodes may cause malignant tumors, which in most cases are metastases of existing tumors in the jaw.
Pain in the jaws of different localization and intensity can occur with inflammation of the salivary glands (sialadenitis) and their tumors, pharyngitis, acute and chronic tonsillitis, tumors of the larynx. Sinusitis, sinusitis, parotitis is also accompanied by pain under the lower jaw.
Not as often pain in the lower jaw can be a sign of angina, myocardial infarction. They are accompanied by discomfort in the chest and localized exclusively under the left jaw. Examination the cardiologist will clarify the situation and help to avoid serious complications
Regardless of why my jaw hurts, you need to go to the clinic with the aim to make a thorough diagnosis and prescribe the correct treatment.