Not overgrown hole after tooth extraction
After a visit to the dental office sometimes patients find that the long overgrown hole after tooth extraction. It is heavily bleeding and sore for unknown reasons. The bleeding to stop and interferes with normal meals. Just a rough food often leads to the injury of the holes, and when festering mouth begins to assume an unpleasant odor. May occur re-infection of the surrounding tissues, the development of inflammation or alveolitis holes as complications after tooth extraction. It is important to figure out why the post-operative process prevents rapid healing of wounds and what are trigger factors?
How long is the healing process
If the tooth is removed efficiently, then normal speed when healing does not exceed more than 2.5 weeks. Speed of regeneration depends on the place of deletion. In the case of amputation of the root of the tooth the wound should heal in 2 months. In the case of a wisdom tooth — a little later, after 2.5–3 months. By going to:
- recovery and regeneration of tissues:
- the formation of a bone shell.
If the removed tooth led to the rupture or injury of the surrounding tissue, the formation of holes with ragged or far spaced apart edges, the process will be longer — up to 1.5 months until a young growing bone tissue and not fully formed disney cover.
Why delayed the process
Long delayed and the hole is healing after tooth extraction is sometimes the fault of the dentist when performing an incorrect manipulation, the failure to comply with conditions of sanitation, leaving food particles or bone fragments that may lead to the development of inflammation and suppuration. When slow-healing gums after tooth extraction, it is usually to blame the patients themselves and the reasons for this are:
- frequent rinsing the mouth, washing away the blood clots from the wound, when a high probability of re-infection with the penetration of microbes, bacteria in the hole;
- excessive trauma to the hole while taking solid food or non-sterile brushing teeth hard toothbrushes;
- medications to thin the blood;
- disease diabetes and bad clotting.
It is the formation of blood clots in the resulting hole is the protection and cover from germs, stimulation for repair and regeneration of damaged tissues. The ingress of foreign particles in the injured hole can lead to inflammation, delayed tightening and suppuration, the development of pulpitis, gingivitis, stomatitis.
If bleeding does not pass after 2-3 days, while the gum does not heal for a long time, there was putrid smell from the mouth, it is better to re-visit a dental office and consult with a specialist.
Joining a secondary infection
The oral cavity is the most saturated with microorganisms place in the human body. Many pathogens are able to penetrate together with food. The hole in the hole creates a kind of reservoir of food waste, leading to accumulation of pathogenic microflora and development of secondary infections (inflammation and suppuration). This prevents rapid healing of the holes. Begins to develop alveolitis on the background of the development of infection when injected into the wound.
Of course, it is unlikely to happen abscess after tooth extraction, if you provide proper care and oral hygiene, wash hands before eating, not to pull in my mouth with the purpose of the picking stagnant blood clots. Not in the first 2-3 days after tooth extraction:
- chew on the affected side;
- carefully brush your teeth, rinse your mouth with the purpose of washing out clots of blood;
- use old toothbrushes with a lot of bacteria on bristles.
Just infected tissue bad to be repairable, so the healing process is slow. Time can drag on for months until you heal the hole after removal of the tooth itself, will not lead to granulation tissue, the formation of a normal young bone.
A fresh wound in your mouth too sensitive to microorganisms and therefore a long time is not delayed. That’s why it’s so important to observe hygiene and all doctor’s recommendations after tooth extraction, the hole to heal faster and the regeneration process was accelerated.
The accession of secondary infection leads to inflammation and suppuration of wells, development of alveolitis. Sometimes when cleaning teeth blood clots literally popping under the water pressure and bacteria is already nothing prevents to infiltrate the wound again. After the extracted tooth, patients begin to complain of the following States:
- excessive bleeding;
- increasing the temperature increased to +38…+39ºС, as a characteristic feature of the development of inflammation;
- swollen lymph nodes under the jaw;
- the appearance of flux.
Normally, when the bleeding stops later, 1 day after the surgery. If signs of alveolitis to go again to the dentist as quickly as possible.
What can be a dangerous infection of the tooth
The long delay in the wells becomes dangerous when there is a sour putrid smell that indicates infection and, of course, slows the healing process. Can develop complications when the wound after tooth extraction not healing. Among them:
It is important to know that is especially dangerous infection of the wells in the case of a wisdom tooth in the lower jaw.
The long wound is delayed when the location of the tooth in the bottom row, because it is surrounded by plenty of soft tissues with abundant blood supply and virtually nothing prevents the ingress of microorganisms into the wound. The infection can go further and deeper into the tissue lead to inflammation of the dental gingival pocket and even jaw. Can occur blood poisoning in the penetration of infection into the blood stream.
You should pay attention if the gum does not heal for a long time and there is acute pain at the site of an extracted tooth for more than 3 days after surgery with discharge of putrid breath. It happens and osteomyelitis. Serious consequences in the case of destruction of the jaw bone can become irreparable. The inflammatory process going in the brain.
The body reacts to the wound oozing after tooth extraction. It happens that the background of the development of the inflammatory process manifest unpleasant symptoms, ignore that anymore. In the case of suppuration in the hole, you encounter the following condition:
- long does not stop profuse bleeding;
- there is swelling, swelling, exaggeration on the cheek, flux;
- the temperature rises;
- comes bad breath. The restoration begins to be prolonged.
With a strong accumulation of blood clots, tumors can develop irreversible processes, then you have to amputation of the affected part of the jaw. Begin to develop osteomyelitis, which forecasts do not give even a dentist with lots of experience.
Great importance will be the degree of portability of the body, as a protective immune forces. Usually the hole is tightened faster and does not lead to infection, when a person is healthy, lack of vitamins and minerals is not observed.
What can be done to speed up the healing process
Only «sterile conditions» in the oral cavity will quickly heal the wound, although this is a rather conditional concept. The mouth contains both harmful and useful bacteria. Besides, adversely affect the healing process of the gums sometimes internal diseases:
- dysbacteriosis of the intestine;
- pathological processes in the gastrointestinal tract, the esophagus.
The main thing — to prevent the development of secondary infection hole, adhering to certain rules, to heal and delayed wound. So, you need to do the following:
- tightly to hold the gauze set into the hole by a physician, in the first few hours after tooth extraction, squeezing jaws;
- to stop Smoking, drinking alcohol and hot solid food for the first 2-3 days until the process of healing and formation of new bone;
- not to wash out blood clots which create a kind of plug (protection) against the penetration of harmful bacteria and microorganisms;
- to prevent accidental injury to the wells, i.e. to chew the food better at the other, the healthy side;
- to abandon sports, sauna-bath and heat in the sun for 3-4 days;
- it is advisable not to sleep in the first days on the affected side of the jaw;
- rinsing the mouth with herbal decoctions, although doctors do not recommend to do this in order to avoid washout of blood clots.
Often patients of ignorance and error strenuously to rinse your mouth with various traumatic improvised means (soda, salt, hydrogen peroxide) to hole space faster was delayed, thus compounding process and significantly delaying the time for the healing of the hole. There is only irritation, destruction and washout of blood clots, increased pain. All of this may be the reason for re-treatment to the dentist, carrying out secondary operations.
Of course, some proponents of traditional medicine are trying to minimize the unpleasant symptoms, using herbal tinctures, teas and lotions. Dentists also approve of ointments, gels with anti-inflammatory and wound-healing effect of the wound began to heal faster.
The main thing — not to neglect the duration and frequency of application of home treatments. You can do gentle infusions and gently rinse your mouth of food particles after each meal. Although in the early days of exercise it’s extremely unlikely. Such leaching may lead to the dilution of the blood clots, the process of «bubbling» in your mouth.
You can use weak liquid herbal decoction (chamomile, sage), or Furatsilina, Chlorhexidine like pharmacy money. It is better to first consult a doctor and apply carefully, without pereuserdstvuyte to healing the hole was comfortable and gradually.
The recommendations of experts
For a successful and rapid healing of the gums doctors advise to follow the rules and use the resources of the local spectrum:
- gel (Metrogyl-Denta, dental paste, Solcoseryl) with anti-inflammatory properties;
- solutions for rinsing (Furatsilin, Chlorhexidine, Miramistin);
- herbal infusions (chamomile, eucalyptus, calendula, series);
- painkillers (Paracetamol, Ibuprofen, Aminopyrine, Nimesil).
Perhaps the appointment of glucocorticoids and hemostatic. According to testimony during the difficult removal can not do without carrying out of antibacterial therapy until, until will heal the wound. If you deleted a wisdom tooth and on the background of reduced immunity process is long, led to the abscess in the tissues and bones of the jaw that needs treatment with antibiotics. Sometimes a surgery with complications, and often paid a wisdom tooth to recidivism, nagrywania and suppuration, the development of pulpitis gingival pocket.
While the wound is healing, need to brush your teeth carefully, preferably without touching the damaged gums. If the hole is not overgrown for a long time after removal, maybe broken processes or the operation led to complications. In advanced cases, requires professional help of a dentist. Folk remedies and medicines to deal hardly will be possible.
Alveolitis develops, if it was bad and poorly performed operation, there were fragments of teeth, formed on the hole cyst. It’s complicated cases after tooth extraction, when you need to revisit the dentist for re-cleaning. Hereinafter, physical therapy that promotes rapid healing of the hole, following all rules and recommendations of the doctor.
If the wound is in the hole of the gingival pocket it healed, but the tissue remains negative, the process leading to the gradual degradation, it is likely necessary to carry out the prosthetic dentition and to install the dental implant. After the fusion, the wells of patients in order to prevent again better to visit the dentist and get a consultation. Even overgrown hole needed to install the implant, as the current method of prosthetics to prevent and diffuse degenerative modifications in the gums in the future.