Periodontitis and periodontal disease: what is the difference?
Malaise, bleeding, loosening and loss of teeth — the consequences of such dangerous dental pathology like periodontitis and periodontal disease.
What is the difference between these diseases? Today we will try to explain this issue.
What is this disease?
Both pathologies have a similar name due to the fact that affect one object of the gums. In other respects they differ considerably, clinical signs and treatment.
Periodontal disease is called pathological process that causes the degeneration of the periodontium. It is more difficult to differentiate from patients with join inflammation because they have similar manifestations. Tooth decay in different areas of the jaw occurs with low speed.
Periodontitis is inflammation of the periodontal tissue around one tooth or several. If pathology is not treated, it will lead to his loss. It takes aggressive, much faster than the previous form of the disease.
The difference is based on several criteria:
- With periodontitis the gum is subjected to degeneration, and periodontitis — inflammation.
- Periodontitis is an acute process occurring within a month. Periodontal disease the same way for years.
- In periodontitis, crowns become wedge-shaped.
- Losing teeth as a result of development of periodontal disease is possible only in 7-10 years, and the periodontitis in 2-3 months.
The causes of periodontitis and periodontal disease: what’s the difference?
Periodontitis is different from periodontal disease and precipitating factors. In the latter case, it is still not set with complete precision the mechanism of occurrence of the disease, but there are a number of pathologies, against which the risk of, above:
- problems in the digestive tract;
- dysfunction of the cardiovascular sphere;
The causes of periodontitis are known. More precisely, it is only one — it’s an infection. The «trigger» can be even a RAID, if not regularly cleaned of his crown and the oral cavity, thereby to spread among bacteria dead cells and food debris.
Precipitating factors are:
- bad habits;
- chronic disease;
- poor hygiene;
- a weak immune system;
- improper diet;
- abnormal bite.
Sometimes the pathology develops after experiencing gingivitis.
What are the symptoms?
The difference between the periodontitis and periodontal disease have a symptoms. The latter, for example, often do not give noticeable symptoms. No infection, inflammation, so people sometimes does not notice the onset of the disease. Gradually exposed neck of the tooth. The destruction of the gums is a slow process and therefore loose only when there is significant degeneration of the periodontium.
Yet the disease has the following characteristics:
- no bleeding;
- itching in the mouth;
- a pale shade of the jaw;
- in the cervical area of the tooth is very sensitive.
Periodontitis is characterized by a bright clinical picture, and the same rapid progress. If periodontal disease is acceptable to linger a bit with a visit to the dentist, then it is prohibited. At the initial stage of the disease there is only bleeding, a small percentage suffers from hypersensitivity. In this situation it is still possible to prevent the development of pathology and the effects are reversible, because the gums are still relatively healthy.
In the absence of treatment appear quickly gum pockets. This occurs as a result of penetration into the surrounding tooth tissue infection. In space will accumulate not only food particles but also plaque, dead skin particles. All this will lead to the emergence of pus that will start to stand out under low pressure.
The initial form of periodontitis appears as follows:
- difficult chewing;
- throbbing in the gums;
- vacillation of the teeth;
- the unpleasant smell.
In the future the process becomes chronic, and by symptoms of aggravation are:
- the pain of pulsating character;
- severe redness periodontal;
- discharge of pus from the periodontal pockets;
- high temperature.
The difference in the methods of treatment
With periodontal disease to prevent further progress of pathological destruction of the gums. A similar exercise is possible only with an integrated approach in the treatment of:
- The use of measures that improve blood circulation in the periodontal tissues (gingival shower, massage).
- Therapy of chronic processes.
- Vitamin therapy and other treatments to strengthen the immune system.
- The oral hygiene.
Periodontitis requires a more serious treatment methods, but most importantly, without dental care is indispensable. In the beginning traditionally used in cleaning, which removes all deposits. Without this, all efforts will not have effect, so it is important to remove the plaque, acting as a vector of infection.
When severe inflammation the doctor chooses the antibiotics or antibacterial agents. They are usually prescribed even with a small inflammatory process, because in gingival pockets can still accumulate bacteria. Selection of medication individual, as choosing the active ingredient, which will affect those pathogenic particles that triggered the infection.
In the most severe cases resort to surgical treatment. The intervention of the periodontal cavity are cleaned of accumulated sediments. The procedure significantly improves the General condition of the patient.
The only treatment method which is used with periodontitis and periodontal disease is splinting. It Stausee teeth are fixed, which prevents their loss in the future.
Video: treatment of periodontitis.