Red gums in a child, swollen and inflamed

Red gums of the child are a symptom of various diseases. The baby’s health should be the most important for his parents, so they should pay attention to any warning signs that you might have. Inflammatory processes in the mucous membranes of the oral cavity are usually associated with gingivitis, caused by poor hygiene. If not immediately start treatment, the child then there will be serious problems with their teeth. That is why it is necessary to consult a doctor.

Causes of gingivitis in a child

Redness of the gums usually caused by the following diseases and disorders:

  • gingivitis;
  • periodontitis;
  • periodontal disease.

In addition, the cause may be mechanical damage to the gums, hormonal imbalance, allergies. If the immune system is weakened or developing inflammation in the internal organs, there is also a side symptom. The most common reason is improper care of the oral cavity. In addition, swollen gums can be associated with the deficiency or improper and uncontrolled use of drugs.

The main reason is improper care of the oral cavity or poor hygiene. It may be poor teeth, when not removed all the plaque from the enamel. Insufficient cleaning leads to the fact that gradually going more and more plaque, which then converts into Tartar, aggressive affect teeth.

But most children at an early age have such a problem for another reason. They try to understand the world, and will utilize and teeth — that is, chew on various household items, toys, dirty fingers. As a result, in the oral cavity fall into a variety of infections that cause inflammation of the mucous layers of the mouth.

Often the gums become inflamed in children, when teeth erupt. Swollen gums start to blush. Each tooth is starting to gradually emerge from the gums, it hurts the fabric from which the inflammation begins. The same applies even using the most safe and harmless teethers, not to mention the various rattles, croutons and other available means by which the baby is trying to relieve the itching in the mouth. They also appear cracks and injuries in the tissues where infection. Because of this, the gums start to become inflamed.

Grown child gingivitis can develop as a result of caries of deciduous teeth. Some adults are afraid of dentists, so do not lead their children time to treat the damaged teeth. In addition, many believe that baby then falls out and the root, which will grow instead, will be strong and healthy. In fact, the infection affects already and that is dangerous to the health of the child. Most children have teeth decay already in 3 years, and they vary only between 6 and 12 years old. In the end, at least a few years the child have to walk around with a constant infection in the mouth. And this leads to inflammation of the gums and other problems.

Another reason that swollen gums in a child is malocclusion. In addition, it may affect the intensity of the insufficient production of saliva. When stuck between the teeth of leftover food, the soft tissues of the mouth can also become inflamed. Still influenced by a variety of ENT diseases in which the infection gets into the oral cavity. With regard to common reasons, it could be stomatitis, kidney disease, rheumatism, liver pathology, problems in the digestive tract, tuberculosis, allergic reaction, etc.

Types of inflammation of the gums of the child

The symptoms of inflammation of the gums of the child quite clear. The kid first complains on itching. Then there is the pain during eating. During the oral examination it is seen that the soft tissue near the teeth red and began to swell mucous membranes. If a more serious condition noticeable bleeding gums, begin to swell papillae in interproximal areas. If the oral cavity develops inflammation, redness of the gums is the initial phase. This is the first symptom that appeared serious illnesses, so you need to go to the hospital as early as possible, while gingivitis is not passed into the chronic form.

Similar diseases in the oral cavity occur in acute and chronic forms. Acute inflammatory process in the gums is also called catarrhal. This form of the disease characterized by the rapid development of pathological processes, which causes discomfort and pain. The child will constantly complain of itching, pain, burning, swelling. Can increase the body temperature, problems may occur with the tooth and the symptoms of General intoxication.

If there is no timely treatment leads to the fact that on the background of developing ulcerative gingivitis and necrotizing lesions of soft tissues. This is evidenced by the following symptoms:

  • the rotten smell from the mouth;
  • necrosis of the gums;
  • bleeding on the edges of the gums;
  • lymph nodes submandibular type increased;
  • the increase in body temperature, chills, fever;
  • poor appetite;
  • headaches;
  • drowsiness.

This situation is very dangerous, therefore an urgent need to hospitalize the child. It is waiting for long-term therapy in a hospital.

In low inflammation of the symptoms are not pronounced. Is no pain, all processes become chronic. Usually this is due to lack of timely treatment.

Gradually, the gum tissue becomes thicker, it begins to grow and close the gums. It shade becomes sinusnom. If even a little pressure on it, the gums begins to bleed.

Used treatment

With reddened gums, and issues that provoked such a symptom it is important to act immediately. First need to treat primary disease. In addition, it should be addressed and the relief of inflammation. If gingivitis is caused by tooth decay, you must immediately contact a dentist and fix all problems. Be sure to teach the child how to properly brush your teeth, and regularly watch not only this, but also for performing therapeutic procedures.

In addition, the doctor can find special means for rinsing the mouth and wiping the gums. In the first case, you just need to use a normal solution, and the second to moisten it with a cotton swab and handle soft tissue. For example, you can use Miramistina. It is an effective antiseptic that can destroy almost all kinds of bacteria. Also suitable Chlorhexidine. It is also an effective remedy with antimicrobial properties.

You can still use folk remedies. Here popular recipes:

  1. Saline solution. You need to stir salt in water. If not, then it’s normal — just add some iodine.
  2. Tea compresses. Need to brew a regular tea bag and then apply it to the gums.
  3. Lemon juice. Mixed with salt and rubbed into the gums.
  4. Med. This product has an antibacterial effect. It is enough to RUB it into the gums every day.
  5. Medicinal plants. You can use chamomile, sage, calendula, eucalyptus. On their basis, prepare decoctions or infusions.


Red gums of the child hard not to notice. The baby begins to act up, it ceases to eat, complains of pain in the mouth. You must immediately go to the hospital and not to delay this process, as this may cause a lot of problems in the future with teeth. Treatment should be complex. He picks up the doctor. To prevent such problems, it is necessary to monitor compliance with the rules of hygiene.

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