Sore upper or lower jaw: causes and treatment

What to do if it hurts the upper and lower jaw – causes and treatment what doctor to contact and other details of the first necessary actions.

Describes types of diseases, which are characterized by pain in the dentoalveolar system and how to get rid of it.

The causes of pain

Jaw treat facial part of the skull and connected with a joint. The upper jaw is fixedly connected to the maxillary sinuses, and the lower is movable. Is attached to them:

  • chewing muscles, providing the mechanical processing of food;
  • facial muscles, reflecting the diversity of human emotions.

Pain in the jaw can be unilateral and bilateral, localized left and right. Common causes of its occurrence are:

  • injury;
  • inflammation of a nerve;
  • dental disease, dental procedures;
  • diseases of the jaw joint;
  • retrotechie syndrome red ear;
  • inflammatory and purulent diseases of soft tissues;
  • injuries, mechanical irritation from wearing braces;
  • carotidynia;
  • lockjaw;
  • referred pain in diseases of the heart;
  • a malignant tumor.


The least damage is to injury and the resulting swelling of the soft tissues.

A strong blow can cause:

  1. Fracture.
  2. A crack in the bone.
  3. Damage to the jaw joint.
  4. Dislocation.

The most severe injuries are observed at the turn, they cause the patient suffering, limit the ability. When fracture of the jaw, even when you are not trying to talk or chew.

Is not difficult for an experienced surgeon, the treatment of dislocated jaw, signs of which are:

  1. The inability to close the mouth.
  2. Pain in the affected joint.
  3. The curvature of the mouth.

Do not try to cope with the dislocation yourself. Instead of the desired treatment, can achieve the opposite result and only complicate the task of the surgeon.


Pain can arise from inflammation of the nerves, innervating the face.

Sharp pain occurs with inflammation of the:

  • trigeminal nerve;
  • the upper laryngeal;
  • glossopharyngeal.

Trigeminal nerve provides the connection of facial muscles, the facial muscles with the brain. He has a number of branches, and when inflammation of the pain is not a specific plot, and the whole party. Drill aching pain is characterized by high intensity, the attacks increase in the night.

Inflammation of the upper laryngeal nerve is accompanied by unilateral discomfort, aggravated by attempts to chew to blow your nose, yawn. Man can torment hiccups, coughing, and salivation.

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Inflammatory diseases of the glossopharyngeal nerve manifested by soreness of the lower jaw, tongue, larynx. The pain is paroxysmal in nature, occurs at the slightest movement, language and lasts a few minutes.


Serious condition of the patient and severe pain seen in patients with osteomyelitis of the jaw, it occurs when the infection of bone tissue by bacteria (dangerous complications).

According to the method of infection osteomyelitis are distinguished:

  • odontogenic bacteria get into the bone through the patient’s tooth;
  • hematogenous pathogenic agents penetrate into the bone through the blood, spreading from foci of infection in the body;
  • traumatic.

In 75% of cases of odontogenic osteomyelitis of the mandible, the reason it is often neglected caries.

Hematogenous osteomyelitis is less common, the disease develops as a complication of typhoid fever, diphtheria, scarlet fever or influenza. When infected through the blood the pain occurs in the jaw, not touching the teeth.

The traumatic form develops during infection of open fractures of the jaw. It is observed rarely, only in cases of penetration of infection into the bloodstream through an open wound.

Wisdom teeth

The reason for the pain may be the growth of wisdom teeth. Most trouble gives them rise from the bottom. The pain from the inflamed hood of a wisdom tooth radiates to jaw, the surrounding soft tissue.

The appearance of pain in the jaw is often accompanied by irregular tooth eruption – pericoronitis manifested:

  1. Pain when opening mouth.
  2. Inflammation of the gums.
  3. Infection of the inflamed gums with the development of periostitis.

Wisdom tooth can be placed horizontally and in that case painkillers do not help, and the treatment will be surgery only. In violation of eruption of upper wisdom teeth pain is felt at the top, under the ears.


The pain was noted while lockjaw – tonic spasm of the masticatory muscles, which restricted the movement, spazmiruyutsya temporomandibular joint. Cause muscle spasm are:

  • tetanus;
  • meningitis;
  • epilepsy;
  • the brain tumor.

When lockjaw trying to unclench the jaw is extremely painful.

Arteritis of the facial artery

Arteritis is an inflammation of arterial blood vessels. The discomfort is felt in the lower part of the head, pain spreads to the angle of the mandible and chin. Affects:

  • lips;
  • nose;
  • gives in the corners of his eyes.
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Severe pain when arteritis is felt when pressing on the lower jaw at the point of inflection of the facial artery.


Minor discomfort for the first time after the installation of the braces should not cause concern. But if the pain intensifies, you should not delay a visit to the orthodontist.

When you install the braces marked with:

  1. Pain in the lower jaw.
  2. Dysphonia mouth.
  3. Slacking, chipped teeth with the wrong tension braces.
  4. Tooth pain when chewing.

Braces set for a long time, so not worth it to endure all that time in excruciating pain, drinking their pain pills, immediately contact a specialist.


Carotidynia is one of the variants of migraine, is called:

  • temporal arteritis;
  • diseases of the carotid artery;
  • tumor, mechanically displacing the carotid artery.

Pain with carotidynia lasts a few hours, is one-sided, giving in the jaw, teeth, ear, neck.

Pain in the upper jaw – what to do?

When the pain in the jaw should consult a dentist to determine the exact cause of the disease. Dental disease often other causes are the source of pain, and treatment should begin with the dentist office.

The dentist can cope with such disorders dental health:

  • the growth of wisdom teeth;
  • stomatitis;
  • acute or chronic pulpitis;
  • caries.

Surgical treatment methods in dentistry have become gentle, humane and painless. And the sooner the patient will begin treatment of carious teeth, the less he risks to have acute osteomyelitis of the jaw.

You are not advised to use folk remedies to treat inflammation of the gums with the growth of wisdom teeth. The doctor will make a small, painless incision that will allow the tooth to grow properly, without causing inflammation.

If the dentist discovers the patient has diseases in his field, he would send it to the following specialists: neurologist, maxillofacial surgeon, traumatologist, infectious diseases, cardiologist.

Jaw pain is also one of the signs of myocardial infarction, and the patient, having no dental problems, when unpleasant sensations in the jaw necessarily referred to a cardiologist for consultation.

Pain in the jaw can also be caused by growth of malignant tumor tissues of the face, often asymptomatic. A sign of a sarcoma might be a pain, which gives the ear clicking jaw.

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If you increase its size there are diseases of the facial bones, manifested visually:

  • the asymmetry of the face;
  • difficulty in opening the jaws, chewing of food;
  • the thickness of the facial bone.

A chance to recover from cancer face significantly higher with early treatment to the doctor.

Video: why is there pain in the jaw joint?

How to get rid of pain in the lower jaw?

From the pain caused by neuralgia glossopharyngeal or upper guttural nerve, treat medically way. In the absence of treatment result nerve suppress.

Inflammation hood over penetrate the wisdom teeth will need:

  • local antiseptics for rinsing;
  • antipyretic drugs at a high temperature;
  • pain relievers;
  • antibiotics if there is danger of suppuration and development of osteomyelitis.

The most effective method of treatment for pain in jaw from wisdom tooth – surgery. If the patient will continue to endure the pain, the inflammation may be complicated by osteomyelitis, or sepsis.

When infected bone tissue pyogenic bacteria resort to medical methods of treatment, the patient is prescribed antibiotics and purulent inflammation of soft tissues:

  • furunculosis;
  • cellulitis;
  • abscess.

Severe pain in the jaw characteristic of all types of purulent inflammation. In the case of cellulitis the pain is accompanied by severe edema, and when the abscess is noted purulent fusion (necrosis) tissues.

Taking pain medications is not able to fix the problem and cure the disease. The timeliness of treatment to qualified healthcare professionals depends on the prognosis of the disease.

Video: exercises when the pain in the jaw.