Stomatitis on the tongue in a child: treatment how to treat

Stomatitis on the tongue of the child — a fairly common disease, occurring with lesions of the oral mucosa with ulcers and white coating. Depending on the characteristics of the course and form of the disease symptoms may be different, but there is one symptom that is characteristic of any disease intolerable pain. Especially difficult pathology to tolerate small children. The meal becomes a real challenge. From mom is required to direct all their efforts for the speedy recovery of the child.

What is stomatitis and its types

Stomatitis is a disease of viral, fungal or infectious nature, flowing with the formation of ulcerative lesions of the oral mucosa, tongue, palate and gums. It is considered that stomatitis sick children aged 2 months to 5 years.
The disease brings no small discomfort to its owner. Due to the erosive formations, there is no possibility to eat normally. Any contact with an irritant causes pain and burning in the mouth, so children with stomatitis, forced to abandon food for a few days. The following types of stomatitis:

  • Candida;
  • Herpes;
  • Aphthous;
  • Ulcer;
  • Catarrhal;
  • Allergic;
  • Bacterial.

In severity it can occur with single entities and multiple. Depending on the degree of lesions of the oral cavity the disease can occur in mild or severe form. Given the lack of appropriate therapeutic interventions stomatitis goes into a stage of chronic and recurs when exposed to certain factors:

  1. The weakening of the immune system;
  2. Long-term use of medications;
  3. Non-compliance with hygiene of the oral cavity;
  4. Carious teeth;
  5. Infectious and respiratory diseases.

Let us consider the types of disease and how to treat thrush on the tongue in children.

Characteristics of the main types of stomatitis

Candidiasis. Disease caused by yeast fungi of the Candida family. This pathology is characteristic for children up to one year. Candidiasis occurs with the formation of white patches on the tongue and ulcers localized on the cheeks, tongue and gums of the child.
Herpetic stomatitis. Vozbuditel the herpes virus. With the weakening of protective forces of an organism, after illness in baby’s mouth appear formations resembling a cluster of small bubbles, which bursting, form ulcers. Can affect the tongue, lips, and gums.
Bacterial stomatitis. Appears in the result of injury to the oral mucosa of the child. This typically occurs when roughage or during the period of teething, when the baby is trying to scratch the gums about the toy. In microtrauma penetrate the bacteria and cause the disease.
Allergic stomatitis. Develops as a result of effects on the body of the allergen and, as a consequence of the mouth is observed hyperemia of the mucosa and erosive damage, which cause the child discomfort in the form of burning and pain.
Aphthous. He runs hard. Characterized by the presence in the mouth aft — deep ulcers with a gray-white coating and a red rim around education. Threat pathology of transition to the chronic stage.
Catarrhal stomatitis. One of the most mild forms of the disease, occurs without ulcerative lesions. The patient has redness and mucous patches on the lips and tongue.
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Before treating stomatitis in a child it is necessary to identify the causative agent. And for this you need to visit the dentist.

What are the symptoms of stomatitis


Stomatitis is manifested in all different ways. But in General, symptoms are similar. In all forms the patient has:

  1. Weakness;
  2. Malaise;
  3. Lack of appetite;
  4. A slight increase in body temperature;
  5. Discomfort and pain in the mouth.

Aphthous stomatitis begins with the appearance of language uneven and painless plaque formations in the form of bubbles. Later, the bubbles are opened, with the formation of aft and the onset of symptoms increases. Mouth sores can be from 1 to 5 pieces.

Candidiasis begins with enlarged submandibular lymph nodes and fever. Language is covered white coating, which is very difficult to remove. If, however, the RAID could clean under it you can see the redness of the tongue. Children with candidiasis irritable, or the opposite, too sluggish. Food they can not accept, in consequence of severe pain, itching and burning of the mucosa. RAID early in the disease has a cheesy consistency, then covered with a smooth film.

With stomatitis herpetic type the temperature is very difficult to bring down. The virus progresses, the rash striking in the entire cavity of the oral mucosa. In children, the symptoms of General intoxication, which is manifested in the form of:

  • Nausea;
  • Vomiting;
  • Weakness;
  • Headache.

Upon detection of stomatitis in the language of the child, the treatment prescribed by the doctor and nobody else. From the correct diagnosis depends on a speedy recovery.

The reasons for the development of the disease

Inflammation with stomatitis are observed on the tongue, cheeks, gums and palate. In the language there are numerous sensitive receptors, which form a hummocky surface. Language — the most favorable place of localization of pathogenic bacteria. Stomatitis on the tongue is called glossitis.

The disease develops for a number of reasons:

  1. Insufficient care for the oral cavity and the tongue;
  2. In case of burns and injuries;
  3. The penetration of bacteria and viruses in the pores of the tongue;
  4. The development of an allergic reaction;
  5. The weakening of the immune forces of the body.

Doctors call the pathology of the disease of dirty hands. Children learn about the world, trying all tastes. Viruses and bacteria penetrating in the mouth to multiply and cause disease.
Chipped teeth can injure the tongue, and germs get into the cracks. In the absence of adequate care is developing in the lining of the infectious process that leads to ulceration. Effect on the body allergen also leads to disruption of the microflora in the mouth and leads to the development of stomatitis.

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Oral thrush affects the tongue and the gums of the child. It is very difficult to treat a very small child. He does not handle the mouth and drugs have age restrictions.
Herpes type disease mainly affects the tongue. Ulcers cause the child severe pain, fever. The child is losing weight for lack of appetite.

Pathology is commonly observed in children who love nail-biting. Bacteria enter into your mouth and begin to multiply rapidly. To protect against disease of the child impossible. But to prevent illness is quite real. If the child is sick, every mother should know how to treat stomatitis in a child.

How to treat the disease to the children

Treatment of thrush on the tongue in children should be prescribed by a doctor. Mom’s job is to implement all the recommendations of the expert and to monitor the cleanliness of the oral cavity of the child. When the time came to appoint:

  • Antiviral drugs;
  • Pain ointment;
  • Antiseptic solutions;
  • Fungicide;
  • Rinse herbs;
  • Drugs that accelerate the regeneration of tissues;
  • Immunomodulators;
  • Vitamins;
  • Fever;
  • Drink plenty of liquids.

It is important not to delay therapy. Upon detection of the child in the mouth for suspicious lesions and plaque, you should inform the doctor. In order to identify the pathogen must pass a swab from the oral cavity. Depending on the nature of pathology, dentists prescribe the appropriate drug therapy. Children in pill form antiviral are not administered, sufficient is the application of ointments.

Antiviral drugs prescribed for herpes stomatitis. Widely applicable:
  • Acyclovir;
  • Oksolina.
As a drying and healing of the funds are designated for:
  • Fukortsin. Used locally, cauterizing the affected areas;
  • Gel holisal. No more than 3 times a day lubricate the sores. Permitted from the age of one year;
  • Karatygin. Accelerates the regeneration of tissues
Local anesthesia is used:
  • Gel holisal;
  • COMSTAT;
  • Trimekain;
  • Lidocaine;
  • Deatiled.
Antiseptics:
  • Stomatofit;
  • Chlorhexidine;
  • A solution of hydrogen peroxide;
  • Miramistin;
  • Hexetidine
Antifungals:
  • Candide;
  • Nystatin;
  • Levorin;
  • Fungizon.
Antihistamines:
  • Tavegil;
  • Suprastin;
  • Zodak;
  • Fenistil.
Accelerating regeneration:
  • Rosehip oil;
  • The peach oil;
  • Vinilin;
  • Propolis;
  • Rose oil;
  • Sea-buckthorn oil.
Of folk methods doctors recommend to rinse your mouth with soda solution and infusions of herbs. Good kill germs and prolong ulcers:
  • A decoction of chamomile;
  • The herb sage;
  • Decoction of calendula.
Drugs for immunity:
  • IRS-19;
  • Immudon;
  • Immunal.

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Very often stomatitis appears in the background of colds or viral diseases. In this case, the body is very difficult to cope with several diseases, so the doctors prescribed antibiotics:

  1. Ofloxacin;
  2. Metronidazole;
  3. Amoxicillin;
  4. Biseptol.
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All drugs are made strictly according to age. Do not experiment on the child. If the annotation States that it is contraindicated in children under 6 years of age and your 4 — do not take chances to avoid consequences. Talk to your doctor about approved drugs that are suitable for your child.

How quickly comes the recovery

With proper therapy the observance of all doctor’s appointments, recovery will come in 5 — 9 days. On day 3, body temperature stabiliziruemost, and the appetite returns only when the ulcer begins to heal. To treat wounds you need at least 8 times a day and after each meal. Rinsing is an important aspect of a successful and speedy recovery. Antiseptic solutions do not allow germs and bacteria to multiply in the oral cavity.

The key to successful treatment:

  • Treatment of the oral cavity;
  • Cauterization of wounds;
  • Receiving immunomodulators;
  • Rinsing with antiseptics.

Compliance with doctor’s appointments and execution of hygienic procedures that will help your baby to quickly cope with the disease.

Prevention

To prevent possible relapse, it is necessary to observe simple rules:

  1. Regularly clean the child’s teeth. The brush should be with soft bristles and made of natural materials. You need to clean and language, because it accumulates most of the pathogenic bacteria;
  2. Kid’s toys, especially after the disease should be washed with soap and water and treated with boiling water. If this rule be neglected, may develop recurrence;
  3. Inspect your child’s mouth for the presence of micro and redness, if found, have the child rinse mouth with an antiseptic solution and apply a healing remedy;
  4. The mouth should not be carious teeth. At detection of stains, contact a dentist for readjustment of the oral cavity;
  5. Check the condition of the tooth enamel. If the teeth are soft and break off, apply after cleansing, remineralizing gel to strengthen enamel.

Summing up we can say that thrush can be cured only under the strict supervision of the dentist. Do not self-medicate, entrust the health of their children qualified.