Subluxation of the jaw: symptoms and treatment (how to fix it?)

Subluxation of the jaw is a fairly common injury, but is it possible to set it yourself and how to do it. The main symptoms and methods of treatment.

In this article you will learn what a subluxation is different from the usual dislocation of the jaw, and how it affects the methods of its treatment, what diseases often accompany this injury.

The structure of the lower jaw

The characteristics and causes of subluxation of the mandible is largely due to its structure. The mandible has a horseshoe shape and is the only moving part of a human skull. It has excellent vertical and horizontal mobility, which enables the chewing function.

Attaches the lower jaw to the temporal mandibular joint. The actual dislocation or subluxation occurs when the head slips from the pits in this joint. But if this happens often, the jaw will jump out of it regularly.

Unlike dislocation, subluxation when the offset is not so critical and rarely damages the muscles and ligaments, which are located near the temporomandibular joint.

Related article: what to do if you have upper or lower jaw?

Reasons

Why are such injuries? Subluxation of the jaw occurs when subjected to forces that exceed the strength of the ligaments in the temporomandibular joint. If these ligaments over time weaken enough, to cause damage in the jaw is required to diminish the power, therefore, the frequency of such injuries will continue to increase.

Subluxation occurs after:

  • external influences on the lower jaw (the bumps, jolts, etc.);
  • chewing too large or hard pieces of food;
  • wide mouth opening (yawning, laughing, etc.);
  • any disease that cause seizures, including epilepsy;
  • tooth extraction that occurs due to violation of the density of the dentition and jaw structure;
  • it is found in people who have a common frustration in the activity of the joints.
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Without proper treatment subluxations usually go to the dislocations. Even if you managed to straighten the jaw, this does not mean that the problem is solved. Much more important to determine the cause, which was a particular injury that will help prevent its occurrence in the future.

Symptoms

Signs of habitual subluxation of the mandible is not as bright as in the case of dislocation, but they bring some discomfort.

The main symptoms include:

  1. Pain in the lower jaw.
  2. Mouth difficult to open and close.
  3. The apparent change in normal occlusion.

It should be noted that when the subluxation, one feels no such pain, as after a dislocation of the jaw. It can realize not too sudden movement the jaw to open and close the mouth to communicate. Blood and salivation are lacking. However, the patient feels a periodic clicking in the region of the temporomandibular joint.

In the case of the old subluxation all of the above symptoms persist, but the person is reacting to a much lesser extent. This is due to the constant presence of the lower jaw in an unnatural position. In this case, it is particularly important to seek help from a qualified physician.

Subluxation of the jaw and its treatment

What to do if there was a subluxation of the jaw? First you need to determine whether it is a subluxation. To fully verify this only after a visit to a specialist. What doctor to go, if you had a similar injury? To the dentist or facial surgeon.

Reduce a subluxation alone is very difficult, so it is better to entrust this matter to relevant doctors. The most common method of reduction is the so-called method of Hippocrates. To straighten the jaw in this way must adhere to the following instructions:

  • wrap the thumbs with a thin towel or gauze bandage;
  • place your hands on the lower jaw of the patient so that the thumbs of both legs were inside the mouth on chewing the teeth of the victim. The rest of the fingers of both hands hold the bottom jaw;
  • after that, your thumbs start to press the jaw down and rest up;
  • then take a motion from itself and upwards. Evidence of the successful manipulation will become a «click» in the Charter.
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Such action should resume the natural position of the temporomandibular joint. It is worth noting that at the time of his recovery, the patient involuntarily closes his jaw, and if the person who sets it, don’t have time to pull the fingers from his mouth, you risk serious injury.

Reduction of subluxation of the jaw is softer than the typical reduction of the dislocation. But the recovery procedure in the first case is much more complicated. After reposition the lower jaw to be adhered to a special diet: to abandon the use of hard and large pieces of food, eat liquid food.

Moreover, after the subluxation, the patient must undergo a comprehensive medical examination to determine the real cause of the injury, which is critical for later treatment. It is carried out with the purpose of influencing the mechanisms that caused the injury and does not preclude surgical intervention.

If the cause is a pathology of the structure of the dentition, the dentist can adjust the bite with the appropriate prosthetics. Can also be equipped with a special orthopedic devices and dressings. The duration of their application depends on the complexity of the subluxation and pathology of the temporomandibular joint.

Video: the program «Your health» about a dislocation and subluxation of the jaw.

Further questions

► To what doctor to go?

First and foremost, you need to contact the dentist, surgeon or facial surgeon. In extreme cases, the jaw can set the traumatologists and surgeons.

►Code for ICD-10

According to the International classification of diseases subluxation of the jaw has a code S03.0 «Dislocated jaw».

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