Swollen cheek from a baby: causes, what to do
Why swollen cheek from a kid? It is possible, if the body is an inflammatory process, in this case, action must be urgent. Swelling can be caused by a purulent bag in the cavity of the tooth, airway disease, Allergy, insect bite. In all these cases self-treatment is categorically unacceptable. As soon as it becomes apparent that swollen cheek of the child, should immediately go to the nearest medical facility and to consult with a specialist.
This is an infectious disease that affects the salivary glands and the nervous system. The disease is highly contagious, occurs most often in children of all age groups. After suffering illness in a child there is a strong immunity, which remains for life.
The mumps virus enters the body by droplet infection, blood stream it spreads throughout the body and penetrates the salivary glands. There it multiplies and is excreted in the saliva. If time does not treat the disease, the virus spread to other glands, such as pancreas, breast, ovaries, etc. the Disease begins with high fever, symptoms of intoxication process, children complain of pain when chewing behind the ears. On the second day of the salivary gland is swollen, but the color of the skin is natural. The process usually begins with one hand, but a few days is swelling in the second iron.
Mumps is treated at home, but if the form is very difficult, for example, when involvement of other glands of the body, the child hospitalitynet. In the simple forms of the disease at home parotitis is eliminated anti-inflammatory drugs. Specific drug directed against the causative agent of pathology is not, therefore, therapy is mainly aimed at relieving symptoms.
One of the conditions of treatment is diet — the diet should be sparing, preference is boiled and stewed dishes. Sweets, meats, pickles, drinks with dyes under the locked. At high temperature the child is given Paracetamol or Ibuprofen.
The pulpit is damage to the nervous tissue of the tooth that caused caries in advanced stage. The child has a toothache, swollen gums and cheek tissue osseous element is destroyed, the mouth odor of decay. Symptoms can be of varying intensity, but at the first signs you need to take your child to the dentist. The doctor will either remove the tooth or clean the root canals and seal the cavity.
Flux is an inflammatory process in the periosteum, in which the gums near the tooth root is formed of a purulent abscess. Via a cavity, the bacteria penetrate into the area and there provoke pathological changes. This greatly swollen cheek, the temperature rises to 37°C, the toothache, the child is limp and weak, on the gums, visible swelling. It is urgent to go to the dentist, otherwise the flux gets out, and formed a fistula through which to move the necrotic mass.
It could be gingivitis, periodontal disease or periodontitis. When the first pathology affects the gingival mucosa by mechanical irritation hurts and bleeds. If the disease progresses severely, the inflammatory process penetrates deeper, resulting in swollen soft facial tissue.
Periodontitis and periodontal disease affect the area around the teeth. When this occurs swelling, peeling of the gum from the bone element. If the disease continues to develop, the teeth become loose, pus appears, if the process goes on, it is possible suppuration of the jaw bone — osteomyelitis.
After treatment, the tooth
Children can become swollen cheek after dental treatment. This can happen if:
- there is damage to the tissues: the doctor accidentally hurt the lining tools;
- was included infection were not observed the rules of asepsis in the oral cavity the bacteria that caused the inflammatory process.
- the child had an Allergy to anesthesia.
However, if the baby tooth removed and there was a slight swelling, this is normal. To determine why the child has a swollen cheek after tooth treatment, doctor can. To find out, you need to do x-rays. Inflammatory processes are treated with antibacterial and anti-inflammatory drugs, if it is an allergic reaction, it is necessary to give the child an antihistamine.
With the onset of summer insect stings is becoming a frequent cause of treatment to the doctors. Most lesions affected children. Swelling the cheek maybe if a child was bitten in her wasp, bee or bumblebee.
After the attack, stinging insect you need to remove the stinger from the wound. This should be done very carefully so as not to break it, otherwise the stinger will remain in the skin and cause further inflammation and suppuration. Then it is necessary to neutralize the poison, that the wound can be treated very weak solution of vinegar. The bite should be disinfected with antiseptic, then apply ice or a towel soaked with cold water.
Swelling and itching can be of varying intensity. To reduce the risk of severe swelling, you need to give the child Suprastin, Diazolin or other antihistamine remedy.
Popular recipes well help in these cases. For example, you can make a compress of vinegar, lemon juice or onion juice:
- Every 15 minutes and apply to the bite soda solution — 1 teaspoon to 1 Cup of water.
- Well relieves itching menthol paste, smear it a bite every half hour.
- The wound can be treated with brilliant green.
- Calendula tincture, propolis cream, tea tree oil, clove oil, alcohol, Cologne, and sage — all of this you can wipe the wound to relieve itching and pain.
- If possible, tear off a leaf of dandelion, wild cherry, eucalyptus, mint, calendula or plantain, wash it well and grind to made juice. Then apply to the bite.
Immediately consult a doctor, if:
- swelling persists and increases;
- was having heart palpitations;
- appeared confusion and lethargy;
- swollen airway, lips, or tongue;
- increased lymph nodes;
- nausea and vomiting;
- made cold clammy sweat;
- the child lost consciousness.
An Allergy is a response of the organism to the substance coming from the environment, which is perceived as malicious. To put an allergic reaction may be differently — watery eyes, coughing, runny nose, redness of the skin can occur and swelling.
Allergies can develop at dust, hair and saliva of Pets, pollens, insect venoms, foods, etc. the Most severe form of allergic reaction is considered to be angioedema. Its danger is that the child can start asphyxia. If the baby suddenly swollen cheek, lips, tongue, Palatine tonsils, while it’s hard to breathe, without delay is required to call an ambulance — this is an extremely dangerous condition. Then you must remove the allergen (if known).
If an allergic reaction caused by insect bite, it is necessary to impose a pressure bandage above the site of the damage. The same should be done if the swelling is caused by the introduction of some drugs into the skin. You need to undo the baby clothes, so it was easier to breathe for some fresh air.
Even if parents know that the edema provoked some product, in no event it is impossible to wash out the stomach, otherwise vomit can enter the lungs. You want to dissolve in a glass of water 3-5 tablets of activated charcoal to give the patient a drink. When less dangerous allergic reactions it is necessary to terminate the child’s contact with the stimulus and give him an antihistamine, such as Suprastin.
Tooth decay in a child
Caries — a well-known dental disease, which is accompanied by destruction of the tooth. It develops due to poor oral hygiene, abuse of sweets, and also in the digestive disorders. If your child has gastritis, liver problems or predisposition to other diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, the composition of his saliva will be high acid content, which also contributes to the appearance of cavities.
If the disease remains for a long time without treatment, the tooth cavity can completely decay, thus providing an excellent ground for the pathological flora.
Bacteria that thrive in carious cavities, provoke an inflammatory process, resulting in the formation of purulent bag. Swelling of the cheek in a child is accompanied by tooth pain, which may radiate to the ear, fever, General intoxication and weakness.
It is not necessary to give your child mouthwash — until the decayed tooth is removed, the outflow of pus is impossible. To relieve the pain in this case is also useless, analgesics purulent process are bad. So do not waste time on useless procedures that can cause complications, and should immediately contact a dentist.