Swollen gums: what to do, how to remove a tumor
The reasons that the lower or upper gums were swollen, may be different. Most often, this symptom indicates the presence of inflammatory process in the mucosa. Swollen gums usually hurts, man is difficult to chew food, his diction distorted. When significant inflammation of the inner tissues, there is increased body temperature, occurs intoxication. If the inflammatory process passes to the cheek, it may swell and it. What to do when swollen gums? This is a signal of trouble in the oral cavity, so you need to contact the dentist to determine the cause of swelling and proceed to its elimination. The lack of timely treatment leads to the appearance of severe complications and tooth loss.
The most common causes of swelling gums
Many factors contribute to the appearance of swelling of the gum near the tooth. The swelling may be caused by infection or be non-infectious nature. A visit to the dental clinic will allow you to figure out why the swollen gums and to take the necessary measures to eliminate the discomfort in the mouth.
Most often swelling of the gums occurs for the following reasons:
- with the development of periodontal disease, gingivitis, periodontitis, pulpitis, periodontitis (gumboil) or other inflammatory processes;
- due to the mechanical damage of the gums;
- as a result of the treatment of the tooth;
- when hormonal changes in the body during pregnancy;
- due to improper growth of wisdom teeth;
- due to the formation of cysts, the appearance of the tumor.
Acute and chronic periodontitis
In periodontitis the inflammatory process is covered by the tip of the tooth root. The transition of the disease into a chronic form sometimes leads to the formation on tooth root granulomas or cysts filled with pus.
Reduced immunity may cause an exacerbation of periodontal disease, symptoms of which are strengthening of pain in a result of increased formation of pus, swelling of the gums around the tooth. Swelling of tissues is gradually increased, the mucosa in this place stressed out, with pressure-responsive acute pain.
Over time swollen the gums can form white circular seal (abscess), pus tends to break out and into the tissue there is a hole — a fistula. The output of the purulent content reduces swelling and pain. But the opening of the abscess does not stop the development of inflammation, so to reduce the need for medical assistance.
Treatment of periodontitis
For the treatment of periodontitis can be applied are conservative, surgical or combined methods of treatment depending on the condition of the tooth root coverage and tissue inflammation:
The conservative way tooth canals are exempt from pus and remnants of the infection and sealed.
Surgical treatment involves removing the affected tooth or resection of the tooth root with purulent cyst. The resulting cavity is cleaned, treated with antiseptics for the complete destruction of microbes. At the time of resection voids filled artificial bone tissue.
The combined method combines the treatment of channels, the installation of a temporary filling with the antiseptic. At the same time for the opening of an abscess in the gum a small incision is made. Additionally, the doctor may prescribe an antibiotic and anti-inflammatory drugs rinsing the mouth with a solution of baking soda and salt.
In the inflammatory process in the gums is forbidden to attach to the cheek hot compress. The formation of pus in this case will increase, he can get into the blood, creating the risk of development of sepsis or infection in other organs, causing inflammation.
Also it is impossible to take antibiotics before diagnosis — the symptoms of the disease are partially smoothed out and the doctor will be more difficult to choose the right method of treatment.
Acute and chronic forms of gingivitis and periodontitis
These diseases manifest inflammation: if it is localized gingivitis in the gums, while periodontitis affects inflammation and bone tissue. But it is not transferred to your teeth, so usually a toothache is not felt. With the exception of cases where there is simultaneous inflammation in the gums and teeth. To cause disease can Tartar deposits, poor set fillings and dentures, malocclusion.
Exacerbation of chronic forms of gingivitis and periodontal disease occurs under the influence of the following factors:
- gum damage, such as acute fish bone;
- any particles of food or other objects in periodontal pockets;
- respiratory infection;
- diseases that lead to weakening of the immune system, in particular, diabetes mellitus;
- the use of corticosteroids and other drugs that reduce the immune system.
Symptomatic gingivitis is manifested by pain, bleeding gums, change their color — it becomes bright red, and in some cases becomes bluish. Swollen gums hurt and bleed when eating, squeezing, brushing your teeth react to hot. They do not fully cover the tooth neck. If the swollen gums around one tooth or multiple teeth, gingivitis localized. In a generalized form of the disease the swelling of soft tissues along the entire length of the dentition.
These symptoms are characteristic of periodontitis, but further reduced the height of the interdental partitions, their form loses shape, an x-ray picture shows marked changes in the bone. The roots of the teeth become bare, but if the gums are swollen, this may not be noticeable.
Treatment of gingivitis and periodontitis
Consider what you need to do if you have swollen gums around tooth with gingivitis. Treatment should be a dentist. It includes measures to address the factors contributing to the development of the disease:
- removal of Tartar, polishing the teeth;
- fix the seals and injuring the soft tissue parts of the prostheses;
- cleaning periodontal pockets from foreign bodies;
- the use of solutions of antiseptics and anti-inflammatory drugs in the treatment of the affected areas of oral mucosa;
- in the most advanced cases, flap surgery is performed.
What to do when swollen gums at home before visiting the doctor:
- Clean teeth with a special toothpaste, removes inflammation and bleeding, for example, Parodontax, Thelodont.
- Rinse your mouth with a solution of baking soda and salt and medical antiseptics, e.g. Chlorhexidine.
- Apply on the places where the gums are swollen, drugs, anti-inflammatory, for example, Metrogil dent.
- To numb the pain of swollen gums will help the Killers or any other type of anesthetic used during teething in children.
Dental abscess: symptoms and treatment
Periostitis, which is often called the flux, is manifested by inflammation of the periosteum of dental alveolus. Usually this disease can swell and swell not only the gums, and cheek. Significantly less alveolar bone tends to swell towards the center of the mouth. In most cases, patients complain of swollen gums around the tooth, while dental pain is minimal or completely absent. What it does: periodontal tissues while periodontitis can pripuhnut as a result of inflammatory process in the tooth root, the nerve of which has been previously removed.
The accumulation of pus leads to the formation of the periodontal abscess. Solution how to remove the tumor is made by the doctor after examining the x-rays of the affected area. If the tooth cannot be saved, it is removed. With the help of a cut on the gums can provide an outlet for the pus. To destroy the infection of the wound cavity was washed with antiseptics. With conservative treatment the canals are thoroughly cleaned and sealed, assigned antibiotic therapy.
Mechanical damage of the gums, burns
To detect that the gums were swollen and sore after the injury. Slightly damaged mucosa are often found when used for tooth cleaning brush with stiff bristles, strong pressure is applied on the fabric with a toothpick, eating fish with small, sharp bones. Harmful use teeth to release the seeds from the husk or the nut from the shell. More severe injuries occur when the blows fall. No less dangerous and burns the mouth, especially chemical.
With the defeat of the acid or alkali fabrics swell, swelling, and possible necrosis — cell death. This condition requires immediate treatment of the casualty.
The mouth is thoroughly washed with water, then with solutions that neutralize chemically active substances. Given oral medication that relieves pain and accelerates wound healing.
Problems associated with hormonal changes in the pregnant woman’s body
Hormonal changes affects the blood circulation. Because of this, there is swelling, the gums may be slightly inflated, increasing the risk of periodontal pockets. To prevent the development of the inflammatory process due to the ingress of food particles, you should regularly rinse your mouth using herbal infusions and special funds-conditioners.
Swelling that occurs after treatment of the tooth.
Sometimes we notice that swollen gums around the tooth after the filling or other procedures. The swelling in these cases is usually associated with contact of the tissue with a foreign substance. After a few days the swelling comes down and all the unpleasant sensations disappear. But there is another possible outcome: if the cavity or canal remained an infection, it begins to multiply, causing inflammation and pus formation. Therefore, if the gums are swollen and sore even after a few days of readjustment of the tooth should contact the dentist to determine the cause of discomfort. With poor cleaning and disinfection of channels, there is a free elimination of medical errors with installation of new seals.
Eruption of wisdom teeth
Eights often grow incorrectly, at an angle. The result is swollen gums, it increases the likelihood that next to wisdom tooth the gingival hood, which accumulate food residues and bacteria, feeding on the products of their decomposition. To facilitate the eruption of the tooth, the dentist makes a special incision. If there was a hood, it is removed. Should be especially careful to clean and care for the eights in the future, to keep them healthy.
Why swollen gums in children
In children the gums can vspyhnut when teething of deciduous or permanent teeth. To ease the child’s condition will help the coating on the swollen place special ointments, such as Dentinox-gel.
Another reason that the baby has swollen gums, is often the development of gingivitis in irregular and improper cleaning of the teeth. The appearance on them of plaque leads to the formation of plaque, which attracts bacteria that contribute to the appearance of the inflammatory process. Gingivitis treatment in children involves the removal of Tartar, applied to affected area anti-inflammatory gels, mouthwash.
Treatment swelling folk remedies
There are many recipes of decoctions of medicinal herbs that improve the condition of the gums due to its antiseptic properties. They are prepared from the flowers of chamomile, yarrow, calendula, St. John’s wort, sage, calamus root, and oak bark. You can brew a tablespoon of vegetable component Cup boiling water or make an infusion of the mixture of herbs by mixing 10 g of each of them. No less useful properties and products of beekeeping. How to remove swelling of the gums with propolis — it is possible to prepare an alcohol tincture and use rinse, adding to water, or applying a pellet of propolis to swollen surface.
If very swollen gums, you should rinse your mouth with soda and salt and iodide salt solutions at intervals of 3 hours.
For the preparation of the first tools you need to mix it in a glass of warm water 1 teaspoon of salt and soda. To obtain the iodine-saline solution, in a glass of water add a spoon of salt and 5 drops of iodine. To enhance the therapeutic effect using to rinse the antiseptic Chlorhexidine, to lubricate the anti — inflammatory gel Metrogyl Denta. To reduce the pain you can, take the pill Solpadeine.