The baby mouth white patches, spots

When parents notice the child in the mouth white patches, they should be wary. This symptom may indicate different violations of his health. Even in ancient times there was the belief that language is a mirror of the state of the human body. And there is quite a lot of truth. Any deviation of its colors from the normal can be considered as an alarming signal, and white spots in the mouth are no exception. If you notice such suspicious symptoms in the child should consult a doctor to determine the causes.

The essence of the problem

The color of the mucous membrane in the mouth can tell a lot by a specialist. One such indicator is the appearance of white patches or spots. Of course, not always immediately sound the alarm. Very often, this phenomenon is easily explained by the usual influences that have nothing to do with the disease.

Especially the physiological processes occur in infants. Plaque in the mouth of a child can result from the food, because the baby consumes only milk or formula, and the plaque has a whitish hue. Naturally, such a phenomenon cannot be considered a pathology. A similar circumstance can be observed in children of elder age.

Especially it is necessary to look at the language. A thin layer of plaque may form on the for various reasons. However, if it is easily visible through the pink Foundation, then worry ahead of time is not worth it.

In addition to color shades, it is important the General condition of the body. The language must have sufficient mobility to be soft, and his movement nothing should interfere in the oral cavity. If these conditions are violated, it is an occasion to draw attention to the problem.

In addition to the nutritional influence of non-hazardous phenomenon may be due to other causes. In particular, white thin coating can be formed as a result of climatic influences, such as high humidity and temperature, lack of vitamins, antibiotics. It is seen that physiological white mouth in the summer leads to much more frequently than in the winter, and the film thickness is much larger. There is 1 simple way of Express-test — toothbrush. If after cleaning the mouth all the white disappears, then the alarm raise is not necessary.

What factors should be assessed

What are the features of RAID should be considered when conducting a preliminary assessment of the phenomenon? Special attention should be paid to the following factors:

The thickness of the coating. Very thin, almost transparent layer through which the translucent pink mucosa, indicating a physiological nature. Thin but fairly durable film may indicate infection viral or bacterial in nature. Thick plaque often evidence of inflammatory reactions in the body chronic.
Color. Plaque in the mouth of a child can be a different color, and shade is often a symptom of a certain disease. Color saturation is generally directly proportional to severity of disease (with the exception of food factor).
Consistency. There are also such types: dry, moist, greasy film or coating of cheesy consistency.
The shape and area. White patches can cover almost the entire oral cavity, but most often in such forms as single large patches of single or multiple white patches of small size.
Localization in the oral cavity. White coating could be detected on the inner surface of the cheeks, the sky, even the lips. Most often, the plaque formed on the tongue, closing almost all its area (diffuse plaque) or concentrating closer to the base.
The strength and density of the film. Physiological raids, as mentioned, easily scraped off from the surface of the skin. Pathological films have more dense structure, and after cleaning recover quickly. Moreover, non-threatening plaque disappears by itself, and for the removal of dense coverage you need to carry out adequate treatment.
Smell. Unpleasant odor of the mouth cause the only raids which are the result of pathological processes in the body.

Candidiasis in the mouth

The most common cause of pathological plaque white in the mouth of a child — the development of candidiasis. In essence, candidiasis, or simply thrush is a contagious infection caused by the fungus Candida. The causative agent is almost always present in the human body, but its activation begins only when the decrease in immune defenses.

Babies are infected from their mother when passing through the birth canal, because the vagina and urinary system, women are very often present a certain amount of fungus that resides in a latent state. The woman doesn’t feel the effect of the infection, but the ability of the infecting fungus survives.

Once in the body of a child, the infection enjoys favourable conditions. Newborn baby’s immune system is in the state of origin and not able to resist disease. Infection of baby occurs through the mouth, and therefore the white patches are actively manifested in the oral cavity.

The disease progresses with the development of inflammation, resulting on the tongue, palate, gums and inside of the cheeks appear numerous white spots similar to grains of semolina. These spots gradually merge, forming extensive white patches curd-type. If you delete it, then the film will show a red inflamed area. This manifestation causes difficulty in breathing of the baby. He is deteriorating appetite, disturbed sleep. He becomes cranky and restless.

Maternal candidiasis usually manifests within the first 1-2 months of baby’s life. In addition, the child is vulnerable to infection from other people. Kissing capable of render bad service. Aggravating factors are also frequent regurgitation of food, mechanical damage of the oral cavity. The most active fungus develops in an infant body when finding it in a dry room with high temperature. Ventilation and humidification of the room significantly reduces the risk of disease.

Treatment of baby thrush is carried out under the supervision of a physician. First of all ensures a careful mechanical removal of plaque and treatment of inflamed areas of special suspensions (typically, an aqueous solution of Nystatin). The easiest way — lubrication lesions soda (2 %) or hydrogen peroxide (1 %). Recurrent disease in the oral cavity is treated with a solution of Clotrimazole (1 %). In advanced stages of the disease, the doctor will prescribe a stronger antifungal medication.

Infectious lesions

In candidiasis, the white plaque in the mouth of a child can signal other diseases of an infectious nature. Emphasizes the following disease:

Scarlet fever. Grayish-white coating on the tongue with areas of redness may be a symptom of the initial stage of scarlet fever. After 4-6 days the white coating transformirovalsya in the film crimson hue. Overall this is an infectious disease of the acute type, when the whole body is gradually spreading rash, red throat appear pronounced signs of intoxication, increase the size of the lymph nodes. This disease is most common in children aged 3-5 years.
Diphtheria. In this disease, dirty-white coating appears on the back of the language, the throat, the Palatine arches. In addition, the film covers the nose, eyes, larynx. Can occur on any area where there is skin damage. When peeling of plaque detected by the pain. Very characteristic is the appearance of white spots on the tonsils. When complications of the disease, occurs gland suppuration.
Whooping cough. The plaque has a yellowish shade on white background. Special feature — a sharp, unpleasant smell from the mouth.
Dysentery. The language is a dense coating of white color. If you try to remove the tape, then under it opens mucosa with erosions.
Leptotrichia. The main symptom is a thick, heavy plaque with a grayish tint. The film is tightly attached to the tissue, and removed with difficulty.

Diseases of the oral cavity

To produce white patches in the mouth can disease occurs in most of the oral cavity:

  • Stomatitis. A symptom of this disease is plaque formation of grains. It may be localized on the tongue, palate, inside of the cheeks. In pathology there is a burning sensation in the mouth. In infants manifested by unwarranted crying without external stimuli, unpleasant smell from the mouth.
  • Caries. With the active development of this disease is formed in the oral cavity sufficiently large amount of white matter. For the prevention of the development of this infectious pathology must carefully each day to clean off plaque.

Gastric and intestinal problems

Even some diseases of the gastrointestinal system can occur in the form of a white plaque in the oral cavity children’s. Are such violations of the digestive tract:

  1. Gastritis. A sure sign of the emergence of this problem is the coating on the tongue white hue located in the Central zone and having grooves on the edges. As the progression of the disease the white color may gradually become brown.
  2. Dysbacteriosis. This pathology is most common in babies up to one year of age and caused by disturbances of the intestinal microflora. White patches in this case are dense, enough thick layer covers a significant surface of the tongue. An important accompanying symptom is pain in the abdomen.
  3. Enterocolitis. White film is detected near the base of the tongue. Other symptoms: pain and bloating, impaired stool, bloating, blood impurities in the feces.

The influence of disorders in the respiratory system


Diseases of the respiratory organs are also able to speak at the white plaque in the mouth of a child. It is possible to allocate the following features:

  • Flu, acute respiratory infections, sore throat. White coating on the tongue in such diseases is accompanied by other characteristic signs: high temperature, redness in the throat, cough. The white color on the surface of the gland indicates the development of angina.
  • Bronchitis. One of the symptoms of this disease is the manifestation of a whitish coating on the front part of the language. With the frothy consistency of the coating it is possible to talk about the escalating pathology in the chronic form. The progression of the disease leads to a darkening of the film and increase its thickness.
  • Asthma. One of the early signs of bronchial asthma is recognized whitening the tip of the tongue. A whitish coating is generally viscous.

Given pathology does not restrict the entire list of diseases that can cause whiteness in the mouth of the child. Can also be noted psoriasis, which can develop on any area of the body, including the oral mucosa. Lesions have a rounded shape white color with a grayish tinge. Quite frequently the white patches on the tongue in babies is the result of an allergic reaction, including administration of drugs. The whitening of the mouth can occur with dehydration.

White patches in the mouth of a child can occur for many different reasons. In most cases it is a reaction to certain foods. However, you should always remember that white can be a sign of a serious disease, and different internal organs. If the plaque doesn’t go away and lends itself to simple cleaning, you must contact your pediatrician to ascertain the reasons for this phenomenon.

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