The child often thrush: causes, prevention, treatment
If it is thrush, you should immediately consult a doctor to determine the causes symptoms and remedies. Stomatitis is a disease of the oral cavity, a pronounced inflammation of the mucosa. The disease usually is because of allergic or infectious influences. In connection with weak immune system newborns and children under 1 year are more prone to stomatitis. Causes of disease may be different, but the symptoms characterizing the stomatitis in children are the same. At the first appearance of inflammation of the oral mucosa, the child urgently to visit a medical facility.
The characteristics of the education of the disease
Every illness has visual signs. An infant is unable to say the words that he hurts. First, he will cry, and when the time came to refuse to eat. At the same time on the oral mucosa, tongue will be formed a white film, what can you say about the fungal form of thrush. If herpetic stomatitis, redness of the mucosa and on the surface of bubbles of small size, located close to each other. On the background of the disease begins to increase the body temperature, is dominated by the inactivity and weakness of the body. Palpation of the lymph nodes are inflamed. The children of senior preschool age and stomatitis accompanied by a number of characteristic features. On the mucosal surface can form white spots rounded shape. The implications of the development of the disease can become symptoms are characteristic of gingivitis, that will be accompanied by an unpleasant mouth odor. In the course of the disease regardless of the form of stomatitis, treatment should be accompanied with the intake of painkillers and antipyretic drugs.
Types of stomatitis
From the source of infection depends on the type of stomatitis which hurts the child. Most often the symptoms are the same, but the visible signs can be slightly different depending on which stomatitis develops. To better understand what a child is ill, it is necessary to understand where and in what form the disease develops.
This is the kind of disease that prevails in children older than 3 years. Has simple and complex shape of the flow, from which the process of treatment and recovery can take from 5 days to 1.5 months. When aphthous stomatitis in oral mucosa formed small sores white-grey-yellow. At the complex form of the disease, the size of ulcers increases significantly. Painful sores, regardless of diameter are very strong. A feature of this disease is its ability to repeat, that is, it is recurrent disease. Can occur in mild times in 2 years, and for more complex options more than 2 times a year. There is the concept of chronic canker sores, then the cause of the symptoms must be sought in disorders of the gastrointestinal tract. Also, the cause of the disease can be allergic or giardiasis, which often manifests itself in children.
Predominates in children up to 3 years. Formed from exposure to fungus herpes and appearance is a white bubbles in the mouth. In addition, herpetic stomatitis accompanied by inflammation of the lymph nodes, a rash formed on the skin around the mouth, there is a fever. With timely treatment to the doctor the disease can be defeated within 2 weeks. You should protect the child from communication with other children and even adults, because herpes is a contagious disease and is spread by airborne droplets and by contact with skin.
The disease inherent in children the first days after birth. Visual inspection reveals white coating on the tongue. Feels oral thrush is an itchy pain. While plaque removal can be bleeding wounds. The formation of this kind of stomatitis is caused by lesions of the mouth fungus Candida. If these manifestations should consult a doctor to make an accurate diagnosis, mix the coating on the tongue with a natural formation that is inherent in babies.
One of the causes of stomatitis may be allergic, so-called contact exposure. In addition to allergens can be chemicals that got into the body of the child. Distinguish a sign from other types of stomatitis is swelling of the tongue or lips. Most often it is the impact of food, drinks, candy, which includes flavorings and preservatives. In addition to food, the media can be toothpaste or sprays to freshen the air. In General, any object, whether it be food or a toy, can become a cause of stomatitis by an allergic reaction.
Dirty hands – the main cause of illness
Often, many diseases, especially concerning the oral cavity occur because the child’s mouth and hands are often in contact. In this case, before being hit in the mouth he could go to the bathroom, touching a pet, crawling on the floor, etc. Besides subjects of transmission of infection can be tableware, towel, other people’s toys when thrush is easily passed from another person through particles of saliva, mucus. Prone to stomatitis this form of children up to 10 years. The disease has characteristic signs expressed by the appearance of whitish mouth sores accompanied by fever. One distinguishing feature of this disease is that the body appears a painful rash in the form of a grayish bubbles. The main infected parts of the body are the feet, palms, buttocks in the area of the inguinal parts. In addition to the main signs of the disease may be accompanying symptoms such as vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal pain, throat. Incubation contagious period is a few days before the illness and can last up to 2 months. The average time of occurrence of disease in this form is 7-10 days. Disease recurrence is almost impossible, but in medical practice there are only a few cases.
The treatment of the disease
Stomatitis has different forms of occurrence, origin, respectively, depending on the type of disease treatment. Doctor prescribed different medications – tablets, capsules, ointments, sprays.
- When garponom and viral stomatitis use decoctions of herbs, antiseptic drugs and means of antimicrobial and analgesic actions. It is worth remembering that these types of stomatitis is dangerous to others, as transmitted by airborne droplets.
- To eliminate fungal stomatitis is used to rinse, fukortsin or boric acid, creams, gels, solutions local destination.
- Aphthous treated with antihistamines, boric acid, decoctions, use special creams and gels. Canker in its origin is not limited to a specific list of drugs, because of the specificity of origin and in determining the causation of the disease requires a number of doctors and dentist, allergist and gastroenterologist.
- Bacterial stomatitis can be overcome by using mouthwash, use hydrogen peroxide, potassium permanganate, and in severe form of the disease to drink a course of antibiotics, vitamins, immunomodulators.
Prevention of the disease
How to avoid recurrence of stomatitis:
- the oral hygiene in the first place. Need daily 2 times a day, morning and evening to carry out cleaning of the teeth. The cleaning process should last thoroughly, at least 2 minutes, the brush should be with soft bristles and toothpaste must not have in its composition of sodium lauryl sulfate. After meals it is advisable to rinse your mouth to eliminate food debris that can cause disease, but do not use a mouthwash that has antiseptic;
- integrity, absence of teeth, caries. It is often the teeth which cause the formation of bacteria, which in turn can become a cause of stomatitis. Therefore, periodically and in cases of severe need you need to contact the dentist;
- identification of allergens. If you know food, drinks, etc. that may cause the child allergic reactions, they should be completely excluded from the diet. Also from food you need to avoid foods that can damage, to injure, to hurt the mucous membrane of the oral cavity, and also to irritate her. It’s crackers, chips, citrus products, spicy food with additives etc.
Prevention is an integral part of a healthy body. Easier to prevent a disease than to endure the pain and to engage in long-term treatment. Therefore, in the children’s diet must include a range of vitamin preparations with mineral additives.
Traditional medicine in the fight against stomatitis
Parallel to traditional medicine in the field of healing the human body is always present treatment folk methods. In any case, we cannot say that the use of such funds is prohibited. On the contrary, used in folk medicine herbs decoctions, infusions, etc. have a huge number of useful properties. Besides plants, of which purchasing drugs in its chemical composition have a large number of substances that can affect human body to fight bacteria, to recover the bodies, to raise immunity. The basic form is a mouthwash, which use a solution of soda, alcohol tincture of propolis, aloe, Kalanchoe, garlic, sour cream, carrot and cabbage juice. The cooking facilities are diverse in their quantitative composition, the type of stomatitis is used a particular recipe, receive mode, etc.
Diet in the treatment of
The oral mucosa is a very sensitive surface, especially in children. The foreign appearance of the mouth in the form of sores increase pain, so causes significant discomfort when eating. Therefore, for the child must make the correct diet, eliminating from the diet of a number of products that are irritants the mouth. First you need to remember, that when the stomatitis necessarily consume a large quantity of water.
It is necessary to exclude foods that can cause pain mucosa – sweet, salty, sour, citrus, juices.
Very much reminiscent of the pain foods that have marked the presence of vitamin C. For younger children it is advisable to use food in the form of puree. In any case it is impossible to give hot food, it should be very warm. Dairy is a painless, therefore, perfect yogurt, yogurt, but whole milk is still better not to use it.
The child is not an adult who can endure pain when necessary, or able to relieve the pain in any way. A small child is not even able to say that he has something hurts, he just placed and shouts. The task of parents to identify children’s illness, determine the degree of importance and immediately consult a doctor. The prolongation of any disease is the guarantor of the serious complications later which can be irreversible. Thrush is no exception, particularly if frequent manifestation of stomatitis in a child. The disease requires a precise evaluation, assessment, diagnosis and causes of their origin and proper treatment. The complex events that depend on the responsiveness of parents and the professionalism of health workers, save the baby from complications that can help relieve pain, prevent relapse and will determine the course of preventive measures.