The child’s growing teeth and the second row: what should I do
With proper jaw development dairy, and then the permanent teeth appear gradually, in sequence. But sometimes the order of their eruption and growth is disrupted, causing deviations in the structure of the dentition. Why does baby grow teeth and the second row? Such violation leads to the appearance of a cosmetic defect and spoils the smile. Usually the reason for the anomaly is molars begin to erupt until a drop of dairy. This is characterized by their retention when molars, canines or incisors remain fully or partially in the gums.
Features of repair of defects of the dentition
If a permanent tooth cut through the milk stand, the direction of growth curves. Because of this, subsequently, children and parents will be faced with the need for alignment of the dentition, removing the problematic incisor or molar teeth, treatment of tooth decay or gum disease that occurs in this case more often than usual.
Reasons that teeth children cut and grow properly, may be the following:
- genetic predisposition;
- the deterioration of health, weakened by an infection or chronic disease;
- unbalanced diet, lack in the diet of vitamins and other useful elements;
- abnormalities in the development of deciduous teeth, leading to early removal, late resorption of the roots and the belated replacement of permanent incisors or molars;
- the presence of barriers to growth in the right direction.
- violations of the structure of the jaw, incorrect location of the dental germs.
What to do if a milk tooth has not yet fallen, and the root is already growing? Noticing that the baby’s teeth grow in two rows, refer to a pediatric dentist. The doctor usually advises to remove the first milk to ensure proper development of the permanent rudiment. The procedure is easy and painless, as the roots of primary teeth are less developed and do not go deep into the gums. To eliminate the sensitivity of the mucous membranes it is applied a special gel that contains an anesthetic drug.
Causes improper growth of deciduous teeth
The formation of the rudiments of milk teeth occurs before birth of the baby. Most often warped growth leads to a mismatch of floor space required for their placement, size of the jaw bone.
Also the curvature of the teeth can contribute to:
- malnutrition of women during pregnancy;
- lack of calcium, fluorine and other necessary elements in the diet of the child;
- use baby food with a soft consistency — the kids should also be given to chew solid foods;
- the mouth breathing characteristic of some endocrine diseases;
- sucking year old toddler pacifiers or fingers (be as early as possible to teach the child to drink from a Cup, eat solid food, use a bowl and spoon);
- genetic predisposition.
The correction of the curvature of the teeth
The alignment of crooked teeth growing time reduces the risk of failure in the development of the rudiments of the indigenous. Besides their irregular growth leads to such negative consequences as diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, headaches, appearance of complexes. With the curvature of the growing teeth are much easier to straighten in childhood than in adulthood. Dentists have effective methods of correcting their growth with the use of splints, braces or trainers.
The installation of braces is applied in adolescence and young adulthood. Teenagers can take care of themselves and long to wear it after installation. Young children bite correction ensures the installation of the Kappa or trainer. The advantage of these devices is that they are not visible to others and can be easily removed if the need arises. The speed of straightening teeth is the higher, the sooner it is started. When the teeth are in the gums, they are not yet fully formed, which greatly facilitates the task of rectification. Older roots are better developed, so the difficulty of rectification increases and the process takes a longer period of time (less than a year).
Abnormalities in the development of wisdom teeth
Eights are often the cause of dental problems. Consider why this is so. In most cases this is due to the insufficient length of the bone forming the jaw. Wisdom teeth begin to erupt after the appearance of second molars and other units of the dentition. If they do not have enough space, they do not grow up and at an angle to the side 2 molars, cheeks or inside the mouth.
In this case, the eight is not visible, but a child worried about pain. What if the eighth tooth grows second row — the treatment of these violations is usually surgical. For the diagnostics of radiographic study. If the wisdom tooth is in a stage of formation, the direction of growth can be corrected without resorting to surgery. In cases where the 3rd molar has grown, the only option is removal.
The sequence and timing of eruption of the molars
Around the age of five or slightly later in children grows the first pair of molars in the upper jaw. Then there is a replacement of the respective tooth pairs in the lower jaw. In the same way cut the second molars. The time of occurrence of eights may cover the period from 16 to 26 years. But often happens impacted wisdom teeth — they do not appear after the second molars, and are still inside the gums. One explanation for this phenomenon, scientists believe the lack of necessity to use solid food, who formed the greater part of the diet of people in the past century.
The types of retention
In the gum can hide not only eight, but the canines or incisors of the upper jaw. In some cases, impacted teeth are absolutely not visible, as covered by the soft or hard tissues of the jaw and cannot be felt with your fingers by touching it. This is called full retention. The tooth can be positioned vertically or horizontally relative to the jaw. If he sent the crown into the oral cavity, this location is called the lingual-angular, with the growth in the outward direction it is measured as Bucco-corner.
The second kind of retention is partial, it is manifested by elevation of the crown above the surface of the gums. And poliuretanovomu impacted teeth require treatment, as they are not only a cosmetic defect, but also can cause purulent cysts to impair the resorption of the roots located next to the milk teeth.
What can cause the retention
Advanced dentition often arises from the fact that the permanent teeth grow up to loss time. Also impacted may be associated with improper jaw development, insufficient space for the formation of the dentition. Sometimes the cause of the second row is too early removal of the milk molar or premolar. This leads to a displacement of dental germs and leads to the fact that the root of the Fang grows on the tooth next to it.
In some cases, found svarkomplekt the dentition of the child. This is manifested in the fact that in addition to the provisions of 28 teeth, further increasing one or two more. Become stuck the cutter into the gum can it disease and destruction, features of the anatomical structure of the jaw bones, the lack of direct parental control over the condition of the teeth, which are cut and raised from the first year of baby’s life.
Symptomatic manifestations of retention
To identify the full retention helps radiographic examination of the dentition. X-ray diagnostics allows to find out all necessary information about the impacted tooth, particularly as it is located, in which direction is increasing, the condition of surrounding tissues, the presence of granulomas or cysts.
Symptomatically, the retention is shown as follows:
- in the dentition visible defect or a tooth is missing, either cut with a significant deviation from where it should appear;
- noticeable swelling and hyperemia (redness) of the gums, the child feels pain, when pressing on the mucous membrane it increases;
- fever, weakness;
- if the tooth palletirovanie, its upper part is slightly visible above the gum, felt fingers, surrounding tissues are inflamed and sore.
Make the decision about what to do with impacted tooth, to choose optimal way of treatment should be the doctor after examination of the patient and the results of radiography. If its location and direction of growth is not altered and the exit of the gums prevents only increased the density of the fabric, it is cut with the anesthesia technique local anesthesia. In the case of a partial eruption of the incisors or fangs for bite correction is the installation of braces with pre-exposure of the tooth crown surgically.
If the wrong location of the tooth, the coverage of inflammatory process of gums and signs of degradation of the toothbrush neck shown its removal to prevent the development of complications. The lack of treatment threatens the formation of cysts, the slow resorption of the roots of neighboring impacted primary teeth, reducing the aesthetic zone of the smile. Therefore, you should seek qualified help when the first symptoms of developmental disorders of the dentition.