The healing abutment with the implant what it is: the abutment on the implant
Great value for a quality result is of the healing abutment at the implant — what is it and how to apply this design, you will learn in this article. Gums after extraction of teeth is a SAG, lose its density, and therefore special tools are required for recovery of lost state. The temporary abutment is involved in the proper formation of its loop, it is an intermediate but important stage of prosthetics.
Description healing abutment
This design is a mandatory element in conducting such a difficult process as implants. It’s pretty thick metal cylinder, the design of the helical thread. The materials are taken as friendly, not causing allergic reactions — zirconium, titanium alloy, on top there is a cylindrical head.
When the implant is successfully implemented, the technician twists the formation of gums to create the necessary recess around the crown of the future implant. This manages to achieve the best aesthetic result. This abutment not only captures the gums in the desired position, but also protects the soft tissue from exposure to some microorganisms.
What are abutments
Today in dentistry is used a number of different abutments, which can be identified in several groups according to their characteristics and intended purpose:
- For the formation of gums.
All of this except the last variety, constant components that are used during implantation. They can vary depending on the specific angle of inclination relative to the implant, as well as the peculiarities of the dentition of a particular patient. Traditional materials — titanium, ceramic, plastic, gold in various combinations.
The driver most often manufactured from titanium, this material is lightweight and has corrosion protection.
While on the front teeth such components should not be used, because the Titan have the ability to Shine through the crown, preference is given to zirconium.
The installation procedure
The healing abutment with the implant is already fixed in the finished socket of the implant. Starting from the first stage and up to the installation of a temporary construction may take several months, sometimes the procedure is done simultaneously. Standard operation does not require a lot of time and includes the following manipulations:
- Local anesthesia administration;
- Access to the mount fused by incision of the soft tissues;
- Removing excess tissue;
- Removing the plug from the implant;
- Installing driver — special ratchet wrench or manually.
- Stitches for quick healing of the wound.
If the operation is performed in one stage, of tissue dissection is not required, the generator can immediately be installed in the designated slot. The result of wearing this design is formed an opening, in which then put the permanent abutment and crown.
Pain during the procedure of introduction of temporary abutment on the implant does not occur because the mandatory application of the anesthetic. But they certainly appear at the end of drug action and can persist for several days, while the active will be healing. If the intensity of the sensation not only does not decrease, but even increases, it is a reason to immediately contact a specialist. The standard procedure of fitting design, when it is often necessary to injure the bone or soft tissue, the condition may be delayed for a month or longer period.
The duration of wearing the shaper
Until the moment when it will be fixed permanent implant and crown, installing the healing abutment. The question of the duration of wearing this design is the responsibility of the dental prosthetist of your choice. Taken into account the condition of the gums, the current position of the molars and the kind of implant used.
Typically, the formation of the necessary holes takes about weeks and this period increases to a maximum of one month. After extraction, the temporal element remains permanent pin and then install a crown.
To do completely without complications is not always possible, this is usually either with the professionalism of the doctor, or with the characteristics of the patient, from which it is difficult to insure. Subject to the recommendations of these minor problems will not be serious for you.
Sometimes you may notice that after the procedure a bit swollen cheek, it’s perfectly natural and in a short time passes. Another option — there was a compression of gums, then you will need to replace the driver.
This complication occurs quite often, further proper care for the oral cavity from it manages to get rid of. Well with the healing manage funds on the basis of herbs, these can be rinses, lozenges, various ointments.
Directly design cannot be the cause of this condition is anesthesia and here will need to take antihistamines. This is typically diagnosed in advance, so the Allergy occurs very rarely.
This symptom may indicate a problem of blood clotting in the patient, usually the issue is easily fixed after the consultation with an expert. It is also possible damage to the joints, then made their further processing.
Hair loss, loosening of the forming element
The most innocuous explanation — insufficiently tight grip of the future tooth with the bone due to the insufficient strength of the fabric. To resolve this issue will help receive a special calcium preparation.
Another option — rejection of the implantable element and the inflammatory response of the body. You will need not only extraction of the driver, but also the artificial root.
The inflammatory process
There are different manifestations of dental pain, discomfort in the throat, the neck. Occurs due to insufficient oral hygiene. after which the installation procedures must be especially careful. The specialist may prescribe a course of antibiotics, the reception start is not recommended.
The importance of proper installation
Only an experienced professional able to deliver the abutment to the implant with the features of a particular patient. Otherwise the hole and the prosthesis will not be installed correctly, but some complications do not require immediate assistance. Here are a few options that can happen:
|Loss of the driver.||This has already been mentioned above, but slacking is able to occur due to a lack of tight junction structure, that is the fault of the specialist. This is due to too deep of planting the implant into the bone tissue and the fusion with her education cut. For help to the dentist should apply to this case immediately, otherwise the hole will heal and require a second procedure.|
|The closing of the unit with the gum.||The cause is an incorrect choice of element height, because of which the installation of the implant would be very difficult or impossible. Contact your dentist to replace the temporary abutment.|
|Excessive height of the driver.||When choosing the opposite element is too long the patient will feel great discomfort, the solution is the same — timely replacement.|
Install during pregnancy
In General, it is recommended to abandon any serious interventions in the oral cavity. The installation of the driver and the prosthesis is possible only after consultation with a specialist and in the second trimester. Additional contraindications are the following:
- Diabetes first and second type;
- Periodontitis in the acute form;
- Diseases of the blood;
- Diseases of the oral mucosa;
- Arthritis of the temporomandibular joints;
- Bad oral hygiene, susanravenwolf.
In addition to the absence of contraindications it is necessary that the bone tissue was present in sufficient volume. In the absence of special materials. Pre-diagnosis is always performed to these contraindications should be deleted. The total cost of implantation consists of a large number of stages, the installation of the driver will cost about 2-5 thousand rubles depending on the material, size, thread type, brand.
Tips for caring for the oral cavity
After the installation form the gingiva of the abutment need to carefully monitor the health of the entire oral cavity. Every six months you need to come on a routine inspection, periodically to do professional cleaning. Take the following recommendations adopted:
- As an antiseptic, use salt solution. Taken 3 tablespoons of the substance and is poured into a liter of warm water. Heated tool use several times a day;
- For getting rid of pain well suited decoction or tincture of Valerian;
- Calendula tincture helps to recover faster. For making is taken two tablespoons of the dried flowers of the plant, pour 500 ml of alcohol. Infused liquid for three days, then it can be used for gargling twice a day;
- In the absence of Allergy to cope honey mixed with salt at a ratio of 4:1. Rubbed in the gums, especially carefully where is the implant;
- Disinfects hydrogen peroxide — 1 teaspoon per Cup of water, always warm. You can do gargle after each meal;
- Do gum massage with essential oils. This speeds up the process of regeneration, stimulates circulation.
Depending on the condition of the patient assigned to a caregiver means to care for the oral cavity. However, you can purchase them at the pharmacy, also should heed the following advice:
- After installation of the driver three hours can not eat or drink anything;
- In the first two days you must give up Smoking, heavy physical exertion;
- Stop to visit the sauna, steam room;
- The diet should consist of liquid, pureed food, anything sticky and viscous;
- It eliminates any rough food, spicy, sweet and sour;
- As a natural antiseptic you can buy at the pharmacy and use Miramistin, Chlorhexidine;
- When brushing your teeth carefully along with a temporary abutment and tissue around, it is better to buy for this purpose irrigator with special nozzles. Toothpaste should be as homogeneous, without abrasive particles that can harm.