Thrush in newborns mouth treatment: symptoms, causes
What is a thrush in newborns mouth which treatment and prevention are important aspects that need to know each mother. Which leads to the development of the disease and whether it can be avoided — these and other questions take a closer look.
The reasons for the development of fungal diseases
A yeast infection referred to as fungal disease, spreading on the mucous membranes of humans. In medicine, pathology is called candidiasis. Pathogen — yeast-like fungi of the same name.
Candida is present in every human body. Under the influence of precipitating factors, they start growing at lightning speed, spreading and affecting mucous membranes. The progression of yeast infection contributes to the weakening of protective forces of organism after infectious and viral pathologies. In infants the immune system is very weak to fight different kinds of diseases, so infants need special observation.
To fungal pathology has not passed in chronic, treatment needs to start immediately. A yeast infection is able to infect not only the mucous membranes and internal organs.
What contributes to the development of thrush
Infection thrush baby in most cases happens from mom. Fungal pathology can be transmitted either during birth, while passing of the newborn through the birth canal, and during breastfeeding.
Often thrush in the mouth of a child develops as a result of:
- Viral diseases;
- Infection in the oral cavity of the child (dirty toys, not sterilized nipples and bottles);
- Effect on the body crumbs allergen;
- The presence of intestinal pathologies;
- Constant sucking of the pacifier;
- Long-term use of antibacterial drugs;
- Frequent vomiting of a child.
In older age, the disease begins to progress after a viral abnormalities, hypothermia, or when hormonal changes the body.
The symptoms of candidiasis
How to recognize candidiasis of the oral cavity in children? Symptoms are many, but the chief of the white plaque in the mouth of the baby. It can be focused:
- In the language;
- On the cheeks;
- On the gums;
- In the sky;
- In the corners of the mouth.
While the oral mucosa is hyperemic, there are signs of inflammation. If you try to remove the plaque, you notice redness.
In addition to a white plaque baby:
- Refuses food;
You may receive the subfebrile body temperature. In the midst of the disease, the spots enlarge and form small areas of erosions, which cause unbearable pain to the baby.
To diagnose the pathology can only be a doctor, he will give recommendations as to treatment. To confirm the diagnosis it is necessary to pass a swab from the mouth. Mom can also hold her own diagnosis: noticed white patches, try to take it off a teaspoon. If, after removal of the visible bright-red erythematous areas of mucosa have baby thrush. Treatment is prescribed depending on the shape and characteristics of the disease.
Forms of candidiasis in children
Doctors there are two main forms of the disease in young children:
For acute form characteristic lesions of the oral mucosa, plaque and excessive dryness of mucous membranes. The main components of the RAID:
- Remnants of food;
- Epithelial cells;
- Yeast-like fungi.
One of the signs of acute onset of the disease — an increase in the submandibular lymph nodes are painful on palpation. In the corners of the mouth accumulates white patches, cracks.
In the acute phase children experience:
- Pain syndrome;
- Burning sensation;
- Discomfort when eating.
It is important not to confuse candidiasis with a sore throat, diphtheria, stomatitis. Chronic form characterized by brownish or yellow plaque in the mouth. With self removal of plaque from the baby, a strong pain, the wound beginning to bleed. If we carefully examine the mucosa of the mouth, you can see that she is erythematous and edematous. Chronic yeast infection of the mouth the result of untreated acute period of the disease. It is important to begin therapy in time to start the inflammatory process.
Varieties of candidiasis in infants
Depending on localization, the following types of thrush:
- On the gums;
- In the oropharynx;
- In the corners of the mouth.
Candidiasis on the gums
Disease typical for infants and the elderly people who use dentures. The treatment of this form does not differ from the others. My only recommendation: keep your teeth and visit your dentist.
Upon detection of white spots in the gums, should be more carefully treat the health. Often this symptom is a consequence of the development of cancer pathology.
Candidiasis of the oropharynx
The development of candidiasis of the oropharynx facilitates long-term use of antibacterial drugs. Often thrush in the throat confused with a sore throat and begin to heal in the wrong method. Such actions exacerbate the disease, leading to aggressive course.
For Candida disease is characterized by:
- The white plaque on the tonsils and throat;
- Lack of appetite;
- Weakness and malaise;
- The lack of elevated body temperature.
Diagnosis is based on the study of a smear from the pharynx. This is dangerous for pathology possible penetration of fungi in the digestive tract and lesions of the mucous membranes of the stomach and intestines.
A yeast infection in the corners of the mouth
A rare form of disease called yeast zaedy. Incidence of 1 to 100. For this form characterized by the presence of cracks in the corners of the mouth.
In children, this form can develop as a result of the progression of streptococci. Aggravation occurs in autumn and spring, when the body needs a good intake of vitamins. In this form of thrush in the corners of the lips appears specific white coating and cracks on the lips.
Fungal disease is spread symmetrically in the right and in the left corner of his mouth. The skin becomes loose, flushed. Further cracks, turning into a bleeding wound. The disease affects people suffering from dry skin, as well as children and the elderly, with increased salivation. In the injury of lips cracks, that allow the yeast-like fungus.
What medication is prescribed
Treatment of oral candidiasis may be delayed for the reason that she did not always timely detect abnormalities in the baby’s mouth. Only when there are obvious symptoms, parents begin to sound the alarm. Small children are usually prescribe drugs for local use. For older children recommend taking antifungal medicines.
Local treatment of candidiasis in infants
Young children are recommended to carry out the processing of the oral mucosa with a solution of soda. Soda is a safe and effective antifungal agent. Baking soda is an alkali that neutralizes the acidic environment of the mucous membrane, turning it into neutral. Fungi are very difficult to reproduce in a given environment, which leads to their death.
For preparation of antimicrobial solution should:
- Mix a teaspoon of baking soda with warm water, 200 ml.
- Moistened tampon in the solution, carefully apply the child’s mouth, paying special attention to the cheeks and gums.
Mild illness recovery is possible within 7 days.
Copes well with the disease a pale pink solution of potassium permanganate.
Treatment of children older than 6 months
The older children are prescribed medicines aimed at the destruction and suppression of the fungal infection.
The most effective and safe are:
- Miramistin. Is an antibacterial drug with wide spectrum of action. Available in the form of ointments for local application and solution, for the treatment of the oral cavity. The drug has a strong taste, contains no fragrance, which allows successful use of Miramistin from the thrush in children;
- The nystatin. The antifungal agent produced in the form of tablets and ointments. Suitable for the treatment of advanced forms of thrush. During application it is important to watch for allergic reactions. If any, of the medication immediately should be deleted and replace it with a more sparing;
- Candida. Release in the form of ointments, powder and liquid. For the treatment of thrush in the mouth prescribed the liquid form of the drug. Spot treat damaged areas;
- Diflucan. Antifungal agent aimed at treating thrush;
- Clotrimazole. Available in the form of tablets. Prescribed for the treatment of thrush in children’s mouth of any shape.
Apart from drug treatment, the doctor usually appoints vitamins and Immunostimulants.
The treatment of children with 6 months
If we turn to the annotation of most antifungal drugs, it is possible to draw a parallel that they are all approved for use no earlier than 6 months of age. If the age of the child allows medical antifungal therapy, do not shy away from doctor prescribed drugs.
The mechanism of action of antifungal drugs — the destruction of membrane shells of mushrooms. This is a fairly long process, so do not refuse treatment after 3 days of medication. Perhaps the main symptoms disappeared, but the disease is not cured. Such actions can expose you to the transition of an acute disease into a chronic form. If, after clinical studies doctor will tell you that the disease has receded — the treatment is stopped.
From yeast no one is immune, may be sick as a child and an adult. It is important not to miss the moment of disease onset, and time to take measures to eliminate the disease. Preventive measures include:
- Thoroughly cooking utensils and personal items of the child;
- Wash breast with warm water and soap, if the child is breastfed;
- Treatment of viral and respiratory pathologies;
- Treatment pregnant yeast infection;
- Cleansing of food debris first teeth;
- Increase the protective forces of the child’s body (hardening, fully vitaminized food).